Romans has been described as the theological epistle par excellence. The apostle Paul emphasizes that salvation is by God’s grace alone, and gives the assurance that freedom, hope, and the gift of righteousness are secured through Christ’s death on the cross, with the promise of a new and glorious destiny. Through the power of the Holy Spirit, believers can discern and do the will of God in everyday life. God’s purpose is to bring Jews and Gentiles together so that they may glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ with one voice. David Garland offers clear guidance along the rewarding, though sometimes difficult, paths of this great letter.
“This phrase may refer to ‘faith’ that produces ‘obedience’ (subjective genitive), but it more likely means ‘faith that consists in obedience’ as an epexegetical genitive (Cranfield, I, p. 66).” (Page 49)
“The term ‘gospel’, as Paul understands it, germinates from the soil of Isaiah (cf. 10:14–16 where Paul cites Isa. 52:7) where the verb form is associated with announcing the good news that God has come (Isa. 40:9), reigns (Isa. 52:7) and brings liberation (Isa. 61:1), and that the nations will proclaim the praise of the Lord (Isa. 60:6).” (Page 47)
“an end to the works of the flesh and empowers believers to manifest” (Page 266)
“Paul does not understand the gospel to be limited to Jesus’ birth and resurrection, which is what many nominal church attenders might assume from making their appearance only at Christmas and Easter. For the sake of brevity, Paul uses a literary device (synecdoche) in which a part of something is substituted for the whole. Jesus’ entire life and ministry is encapsulated with the reference to its beginning, birth, and its end, resurrection. On ‘two axes’ of ‘flesh’ and ‘Spirit’, Paul ‘captures the whole of the Son through his parts’.12 The middle part of Jesus’ life, his ministry and crucifixion, is assumed also to be part of the gospel.” (Page 48)
“Identifying them as beloved is significant since ‘as regards election’ Israel is ‘beloved, for the sake of their ancestors’ (11:28; cf. Deut. 10:15). Regardless of their ethnic heritage, all those who are ‘called to belong to Jesus Christ’ (1:6) are also beloved by God because of their trusting response to what God has done in Christ.” (Pages 50–51)
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