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A Historical and Critical Commentary on the Old Testament: Leviticus (2 vols.)
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A Historical and Critical Commentary on the Old Testament: Leviticus (2 vols.)


Longman 1867–1872

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Engaging in objective, critical, and philosophical analysis, A Historical and Critical Commentary on the Old Testament: Leviticus (2 vols.) provides ample exegesis on the book of Leviticus and the system of laws given to the Israelites. In volume one, Hebrew scholar M. M. Kalisch examines the first 10 chapters of the book, exploring the symbolism of blood sacrifice and its relationship to redemption in Christianity. Volume two continues the study with explanatory notes and collaborative treatises on dietary law, purification, and atonement under the law. Kalisch explores the inherent purpose of the law, and its implications on atonement. This work provides a valuable comprehensive analysis of one of the Bible’s most detailed books.

With Logos Bible Software, this two-part commentary is enhanced with cutting-edge research tools. Scripture citations appear on mouseover in your preferred English translation. Important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Powerful topical searches help you find exactly what you’re looking for. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

Key Features

  • Describes the connection between Leviticus and Exodus
  • Provides an overview of the book and its composition
  • Includes treatises on the laws of purification, atonement, and monotheism

Individual Titles

A Historical and Critical Commentary on the Old Testament: Leviticus, Part 1

  • Publication Date: 1867
  • Pages: 484

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7


  • Introduction
    • The Connection between Exodus and Leviticus
    • Division of Leviticus
    • Its Illogical Arrangement
    • Its Component Parts
    • Chronological Order of the Laws Contained in the First 10 Chapters
    • The Name of the Book
    • Its Importance
  • Preliminary Essay: On the Sacrifices of the Hebrews and of Other Nations
    • The Origin of Sacrifices
    • Relative Age of Animal and Vegetable Sacrifices
    • History of Sacrifices Among the Hebrews
    • Purer Notions on Sacrifices
    • The Hebrew Appellation of Sacrifice and Its Meaning
    • General Survey and Classification of the Hebrew Sacrifices
    • Animals and Vegetables Offered
    • Qualification of the Offerings
    • Symbolical Meaning of Objects Connected with Sacrifices
    • Sacrificial Ceremonies and Their Meaning
    • The Bloodless Offering
    • The Drink-Offering
    • The Burnt-Offering
    • The Thank-Offering
    • The Sin-Offering and the Trespass-Offering
    • The Offering of Jealousy
    • The Paschal Sacrifice
    • The Doctrine of Vicarious Sacrifice
    • The Christian Sacrifice
    • The Sacrifices of the Hebrews Compared with Those of Other Nations
    • On Human Sacrifices in General
    • The Various Forms of Idolatry Adopted by the Hebrews
    • Human Sacrifices among the Hebrews
    • The Views of the Pentateuch and the Hebrew Prophets on Idolatry and Human Sacrifices
    • Conclusions and General Remarks on the Theology of the Past and the Future
  • Translation and Commentary—Chapters I to VII
  • Essay on the Hebrew Priesthood
    • Survey of the Ordinances of the Pentateuch with Respect to Priests and Levites
    • An Estimate of the Legislative Value of These Ordinances
    • Fluctuations within the Pentateuch in Reference to the Laws of the Priesthood
    • Deviations from the Levitical Laws Found in the Historical Books of the Old Testament
    • A Historical Sketch of the Origin and Growth of the Order of Priesthood among the Hebrews
  • Translation and Commentary—Chapters VIII to X
For ourselves, we can say that no writer of recent times has impressed us with a deeper respect for his learning, thoroughness, diligence, and breadth of view; for every quality desirable in an expositor of the Old Testament—‘save these bonds.’

The London Quarterly Review

A Historical and Critical Commentary on the Old Testament: Leviticus, Part 2

  • Publication Date: 1872
  • Pages: 416

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7


  • Preliminary Essay: On the Dietary Laws of the Hebrews
    • The Prohibition of Blood
    • Meat Cut Out of a Living Animal
    • The Prohibition of Fat
    • Meat of Animals that Died of Themselves
    • Meat of Animals Torn by Wild Beasts
    • The Sciatic Nerve
    • Seething the Kid in Its Mother’s Milk
    • Clean and Unclean Animals
    • Supplementary Chapter on the New Testament in Reference to the Ceremonial Law
  • Clean and Unclean Animals
  • Treatise on the Laws of Purification
  • Ordinances Concerning Women in Childbirth
  • On Leprosy of Persons and Garments and Its Treatment
  • Ceremony of Purification for a Leper after Recovery, and Leprosy of Houses
  • On Running Issue, and Nocturnal Accidents of a Man; On Sexual Intercourse; On Woman in Her Courses, and Prolonged or Irregular Issue of Blood on Her Part
  • Treatise on the Day of Atonement: Its Origin, and Its Place in the System of Hebrew Festivals
  • Treatise on the Doctrine of Angels and Spirits, or the Monotheism of the Bible
    • The Ante-Babylonian Time
    • The Post-Babylonian Time
    • The New Testament
    • The Talmud and the Midrashim
      • The Ordinances of the Day of Atonement
      • Supplementary Laws on Sacrifices and Diet
      • Essay on the Matrimonial Laws of the Bible and Their Later Development
      • Matrimonial and Other Laws
      • Miscellaneous Moral and Ceremonial Precepts
      • Ordinances on Idolatry and Incest
      • Supplementary Laws on the Priesthood and Sacrifices
      • The Sabbath and the Festivals
      • Supplementary Laws on the Service of the Sanctuary, the Holiness of God, and the Inviolability of Persons
      • On the Sabbatical Year and the Year of Jubilee
      • Blessings and Curses
      • Laws on Votive Offerings and Tithes
      • On the Economy, Date, and Authorship of the Book of Leviticus
Dr. Kalisch is an eminent Hebrew scholar, and has done much to further the study of the Old Testament in this country.

The London Quarterly Review

Product Details

  • Title: A Historical and Critical Commentary on the Old Testament: Leviticus (2 vols.)
  • Author: M. M. Kalisch
  • Publisher: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer
  • Volumes: 2
  • Pages: 900

About M. M. Kalisch

M. M. Kalisch (1828–1885) studied classics, philology, and Semitic languages at Berlin University and the Rabbinical College of Berlin. His numerous works include A Hebrew Grammar with Exercises, A Historical and Critical Commentary on the Old Testament: Exodus, as well as commentaries on Genesis and Leviticus.