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Products>Mobile Ed: BI351 History of Biblical Interpretation I: Second Temple Judaism through the Reformation (8 hour course - audio)

Mobile Ed: BI351 History of Biblical Interpretation I: Second Temple Judaism through the Reformation (8 hour course - audio)

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In BI351 Dr. Bray explores the history of the text of the Bible and biblical interpretation. He examines the concept of the Bible as self-revelation—a record of the encounters people had with God, which presents a message to be received by faith. He also covers the importance of the Word being communicated and understood, and the value of the discipline of interpretation as a means of bringing people to truths beyond what they are able to discover on their own.

This is the audio only version of BI351 History of Biblical Interpretation I: Second Temple Judaism through the Reformation. To purchase the full course click here.

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Course Outline


  • Introducing the Speaker and the Course

Unit 1: The Concept of Scripture: Revelation and Its Forms

  • Revelation Defined
  • Personal Relationship and Communication
  • Finding Verses Where God Speaks about Himself
  • Speech: The Preferred Mode of Communication
  • Human Hearing and the Bible
  • Spoken and Written Words: Part 1
  • Spoken and Written Words: Part 2
  • Searching for Casuistic Laws in Logos
  • The Character of Revelation

Unit 2: Jewish Interpretation in New Testament Times

  • General Themes of Jewish Interpretation
  • Exploring the Connection Between Jesus and Israel with the Passage Guide
  • Literal and Midrashic Interpretation
  • Midrashic Interpretation: Part 2
  • Pesher Interpretation
  • Allegorical Interpretation: Philo

Unit 3: Early Christian Use of the Old Testament

  • General Principles
  • Jesus Christ’s Teaching
  • Paul’s Preaching
  • Acts and Hebrews

Unit 4: Formation of the Christian Canon of Scripture

  • What Is the Canon?
  • Establishment of the Old Testament Canon
  • Discovering Different Canons Using the Canon Comparison Interactive
  • Establishment of the New Testament Canon
  • The Canon and the Early Church
  • Heretics and the Canon
  • Scripture and Creedal Formation

Unit 5: The Four Senses of Interpretation

  • The Greek Background
  • Origen’s Basic Principles
  • The Literal and Higher Senses of Scripture
  • The Moral, Spiritual, and Anagogical Senses of Scripture

Unit 6: Medieval Exegesis

  • Jerome and the Latin Bible
  • God’s Ways of Speaking
  • Filtering the Timeline to Study Christian Interpreters
  • The Literal Sense of Interpretation
  • The Commentary Style (ca. 1080–1150)
  • The Medieval Legacy: What We Still Do Today
  • The New Synthesis
  • Lectio,Disputatio,Praedicatio, and the Decline of Spiritual Interpretation
  • Thomism

Unit 7: Renaissance Humanism and the Reformation

  • John Wycliffe and Jan Hus
  • The Renaissance: Lorenzo Valla and Onward
  • Martin Luther (1483–1546)
  • John Calvin (1509–1564): Part 1
  • John Calvin (1509–1564): Part 2
  • The Authority of Scripture

Unit 8: Orthodox Protestant Hermeneutics

  • The Supremacy of Scripture
  • The Covenant Principle
  • Interpretation of the Covenant
  • Application of Orthodox Protestant Hermeneutics
  • Strengths and Weaknesses of Orthodox Protestant Hermeneutics


  • Concluding the Course

Product Details

  • Title: BI351 History of Biblical Interpretation I: Second Temple Judaism through the Reformation
  • Instructor: Gerald L. Bray
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Product Type: Logos Mobile Education
  • Resource Type: Audio
  • Length: 8 hours
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Gerald Bray

Dr. Gerald Bray is Research Professor of Divinity at Beeson Divinity School in Birmingham, AL, and Distinguished Professor of Theology at Knox Theological Seminary, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

He was born and raised in Montreal, Canada, where he did his undergraduate work at McGill University. He completed his doctoral studies at the Sorbonne in Paris and went on to study theology in Cambridge. In 1978 he was ordained in the Church of England and served a parish in London for two years before going on to teach at Oak Hill College in London. He has been at Beeson since 1993.

Dr. Bray is the editor of the Anglican journal Churchman and has published a number of books, including the award-winning Biblical Interpretation: Past and Present (InterVarsity Press, 1996), Yours Is the Kingdom: A Systematic Theology of the Lord's Prayer(InterVarsity Press, 2007), God Is Love (Crossway, 2012), and his most recent work, God Has Spoken: A History of Christian Theology (Crossway, 2014).

Dr. Bray speaks several languages fluently. He has lived in Germany, Greece, and Russia, and he has taught in several European countries and Australia. He can often be found in one of the archives of the Church of England, researching parts of its history, on which he has also published a number of important works. He is also an avid swimmer and cyclist.


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