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Mobile Ed: History of Biblical Interpretation Bundle (2 courses)
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Mobile Ed: History of Biblical Interpretation Bundle (2 courses)


Lexham Press 2016

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In this two-course History of Biblical Interpretation Bundle, Dr. Gerald Bray explores the history of how the Bible has been interpreted and communicated to the Christian church over the centuries. He explores the development of Christian theology as well as the composition and interpretation of the Bible. After taking these courses you will have a better understanding of the history of scriptural interpretation, Old and New Testament criticism, and the influence that significant thinkers (Origen, Calvin, and others) have had on biblical interpretation.

Individual Courses

BI351 History of Biblical Interpretation I: Second Temple Judaism through the Reformation

  • Instructor: Gerald L. Bray
  • Video hours: 8

In BI351 Dr. Bray explores the history of the text of the Bible and biblical interpretation. He examines the concept of the Bible as self-revelation—a record of the encounters people had with God, which presents a message to be received by faith. He also covers the importance of the Word being communicated and understood, and the value of the discipline of interpretation as a means of bringing people to truths beyond what they are able to discover on their own.

    Unit 1: The Concept of Scripture: Revelation and Its Forms

    • What Revelation Is
    • Personal Relationship and Communication
    • Speech as the Preferred Mode of Communication
    • Human Hearing and the Bible
    • Spoken and Written Words: Part 1
    • Spoken and Written Words: Part 2
    • The Character of Revelation

    Unit 2: Jewish Interpretation in New Testament Times

    • General Themes of Jewish Interpretation
    • Literal Interpretation
    • Midrashic Interpretation
    • Pesher Interpretation
    • Allegorical Interpretation

    Unit 3: Early Christian Use of the Old Testament

    • General Principles
    • Jesus Christ’s Teaching
    • Paul’s Preaching
    • Gospels, Acts, and Hebrews

    Unit 4: The Formation of the Christian Canon of Scripture

    • What Is the Canon?
    • The Establishment of the Old Testament Canon
    • The Establishment of the New Testament Canon
    • A Canon within the Canon?
    • Heretics and the Canon
    • Scripture and Creedal Formation: Creeds and the Gospel Message

    Unit 5: The Four Senses of Interpretation

    • The Greek Background
    • Origen’s Basic Principles
    • The Literal and “Higher” Sense of Scripture
    • The Moral, Spiritual, and Anagogical Senses of Scripture

    Unit 6: Medieval Exegesis

    • Jerome and the Latin Bible
    • The Inspiration of Scripture
    • The Literal Sense of Interpretation
    • The Commentary Style
    • The Medieval Legacy: What We Still Do Today
    • The New Synthesis
    • Lectio, Disputatio, Praedicatio, and the Decline of Spiritual Interpretation
    • Thomism

    Unit 7: Renaissance Humanism and the Reformation

    • John Wycliffe and Jan Hus
    • Lorenzo Valla and Onward
    • Martin Luther (1483–1546)
    • John Calvin (1509–1564): Part 1
    • John Calvin (1509–1564): Part 2
    • The Authority of Scripture

    Unit 8: Orthodox Protestant Hermeneutics

    • The Supremacy of Scripture
    • The Covenant Principle
    • Interpretation of the Covenant
    • Application of Orthodox Protestant Hermeneutics
    • Strengths and Weaknesses of Orthodox Protestant Hermeneutics

BI352 History of Biblical Interpretation II: Seventeenth Century through the Present

  • Instructor: Gerald L. Bray
  • Video hours: 11

In BI351 Dr. Bray examines the foundations of the Old and New Testaments as well as the development of new theological perspectives since the 17th century. He outlines significant trends and major players in biblical criticism and how these relate to the modern scholarly climate. Dr. Bray provides guidance on how to approach Bible study and emphasizes the importance of applying God’s word.

Unit 1: The Beginnings of Critical Method

  • Disagreements about the Bible
  • The Growth of Skepticism
  • Beginnings of Old Testament Criticism
  • The Attack on the Supernatural
  • Neologism and Romanticism

Unit 2: Old Testament Criticism: de Wette to Wellhausen (1800–1918)

  • W. M. L. de Wette and the Old Testament Text
  • Old Testament Theology
  • Revival of Confessionalism
  • The New Liberalism

Unit 3: Old Testament Criticism: Wellhausen to Alt (1918–1956)

  • New Directions
  • History of Religions School
  • Beyond Literary Criticism

Unit 4: Anglo-Saxon Old Testament Scholarship since 1800

  • The Situation from 1800 to 1850
  • The Acceptance of Critical Method
  • The Development of Archaeology
  • Liberal/Conservative Divide

Unit 5: Modern Old Testament Criticism

  • Do We Need the Old Testament?
  • Post-Barthian Criticism
  • Marxist Biblical Interpretation
  • Current Issues in Old Testament Interpretation

Unit 6: New Testament Criticism: Reimarus to Strauss (1750–1835)

  • H. S. Reimarus (1694–1768)
  • Early Rationalism and Some Important Proponents of These Ideas
  • The Invention of the Historical Jesus

Unit 7: New Testament Criticism: Strauss to Bousset (1835–1920)

  • Reactions to Strauss
  • The Tübingen School and Ferdinand Christian Baur (1792–1860)
  • Bruno Bauer (1809–1883)
  • Later Lives of Jesus
  • The Final Phase

Unit 8: Anglo-Saxon New Testament Scholarship since 1800

  • Background and the Cambridge School
  • English Liberalism and Source Criticism
  • The Impact of Archaeology
  • English Neo-Conservatism

Unit 9: Modern New Testament Criticism: Jesus

  • Form Criticism (1920–1950)
  • Redaction Criticism (after 1945) and the Historical Jesus: the New Quest
  • The Historical Jesus: Third Quest
  • Jesus and the Church

Unit 10: Modern New Testament Criticism: Church

  • Paul and the Law
  • Paul and Judaism: Montefiore (1856–1938)
  • The New Perspective on Paul

Unit 11: Recent Trends in Interpretation: Historical-Critical Approach

  • The Inadequacies of the Method
  • Two Horizons: the New Hermeneutic
  • Points to Remember about the New Hermeneutic

Unit 12: Recent Trends in Interpretation: Literary Approaches

  • Literary Criticism and Linguistic Theory
  • Non-Ideological Literary Criticism

Unit 13: Recent Trends in Interpretation: Sociological Approaches

  • Introduction to Sociological Approaches
  • Some Examples of Interpretation
  • Sociology as Normative for Interpretation

Unit 14: An Evangelical Approach to Critical Issues

  • Introduction to Evangelical Approaches to Critical Issues
  • Evangelical Achievements
  • The Inspiration of Scripture
  • Inerrancy and Infallibility
  • Evolving Attitudes on Inerrancy
  • Two Testaments, One Bible
  • Evangelical Strengths and Weaknesses

Unit 15: An Evangelical Approach to Practical Application

  • Different Ways of Reading the Bible
  • How to Approach Reading the Bible
  • How to Preach the Bible
  • Preaching and Application: Part 1
  • Preaching and Application: Part 2
  • Preaching and Free Interpretation
  • Preaching and the Preacher: Part 1
  • Preaching and the Preacher: Part 2

Product Details

  • Title: History of Biblical Interpretation Bundle
  • Instructors: Gerald L. Bray
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Product Type: Logos Mobile Education
  • Resource Type: Courseware, including transcripts, audio, and video resources
  • Courses: 2
  • Video Hours: 19

About Gerald L. Bray

Dr. Gerald L. Bray is research professor of divinity, history, and doctrine at Beeson Divinity School in Birmingham, Alabama, and distinguished professor of historical theology at Knox Theological Seminary in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Dr. Bray is the editor of the Anglican journal Churchman and has published a number of books, including the award-winning Biblical Interpretation: Past and Present, Yours Is the Kingdom: A Systematic Theology of the Lord’s Prayer, God Is Love: A Biblical and Systematic Theology, and God Has Spoken: A History of Christian Theology.

Getting the most out of Mobile Ed

Logos Mobile Education is a highly effective cross-platform learning environment that integrates world class teaching with the powerful study tools and theological libraries available in Logos Bible Software. Every course provides links to additional resources and suggested readings that supplement the lecture material at the end of every transcript segment.