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The Bible in Medieval Tradition (2 vols.)

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The Bible in Medieval Tradition reacquaints the Church with its rich history of biblical interpretation and with the contemporary applicability of this history, especially for academic study, spiritual formation, preaching, discussion groups, and individual reflection. Each volume focuses on a particular biblical book or set of books and provides documentary evidence of the most significant ways in which that work was treated in the course of medieval biblical interpretation.

The series takes its shape in dialogue both with the special traditions of medieval exegesis and with the interests of contemporary readers. Each volume in the series comprises fresh translations of several commentaries. The selections are lengthy and, in most cases, have never been available in English before.

Compared to patristic material, relatively little medieval exegesis has been translated. While medieval interpretations do resemble their patristic forebears, they do not simply replicate them. Indeed, they are produced at new times and in new situations. As a result, they lend insight into the changing culture and scholarship of the Middle Ages and comprise a storehouse of the era's theological and spiritual riches that can enhance contemporary reading of the Bible. They, therefore, merit their own consideration, to which this series is meant to contribute.

In the Logos editions, these valuable volumes are enhanced by amazing functionality. Scripture and ancient-text references appear on mouseover in your preferred versions, and citations link to other resources in your Logos library. Important and foreign terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. The Passage Guide lists these commentaries’ relevant sections for whatever text you’re reading. Study on the go using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

Key Features

  • Translations of previously untranslated medieval treatments of Romans and Galatians
  • Analysis of medieval culture and how it shaped biblical interpretation
  • Presentation of medieval history of interpretation of Romans and Galatians

Product Details

Individual Titles

The Letter to the Romans

  • Authors: Ian Christopher Levy, Philip Krey, and Thomas F. Ryan
  • Series: The Bible in Medieval Tradition (BMT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Pages: 339

Ian Levy, Philip Krey, and Thomas Ryan’s Letter to the Romans presents the history of early and medieval interpretations of Romans and gives substantial translations of select medieval commentaries. Written by eight representative medieval interpreters between the ninth and fourteenth centuries, these commentaries have never been translated into English before.

This valuable book will enhance contemporary reading of the Bible even as it lends insight into medieval scholarship. As Levy says, the medieval commentaries exhibit “qualities that many modern commentaries lack: a spiritual depth that reflects their very purpose, namely, to read Holy Scripture within the sacred tradition under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.”


  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Translations:
    • Prologue to Romans: Peter Lombard
    • Romans 1: The Cambridge Commentator
    • Romans 2: William of St. Thierry
    • Romans 3: Peter Abelard
    • Romans 4: Peter of John Olivi
    • Romans 5: Peter of John Olivi
    • Romans 6: Peter of John Olivi
    • Romans 7: Thomas Aquinas
    • Romans 8: Thomas Aquinas
    • Romans 9: Nicholas of Lyra
    • Romans 10: Nicholas of Lyra
    • Romans 11: Nicholas of Lyra
    • Romans 12: Thomas Aquinas
    • Romans 13: Nicholas of Lyra
    • Romans 14: Anonymous Commentator of Mont Saint-Michel
    • Romans 15: Nicholas of Lyra
    • Romans 16: Nicholas of Lyra
  • Bibliography
  • Indexes
A judicious selection of medieval Latin commentaries on the Epistle to the Romans. . . . Will be especially illuminating to readers interested in the history of exegesis who do not have much background in medieval theology, for whom the interpretations may be surprisingly rich and sophisticated. A cogent preface places the texts in helpful historical, theological, and literary contexts. Levy, Krey, and Ryan deserve our thanks for making these texts available to students of the Bible at all levels, from undergraduates to professors.

—E. Ann Matter, William R. Kenan, Jr. professor of religious studies, University of Pennsylvania

This book is a labor of love and a gift given by three of the world’s leading interpreters and translators of medieval biblical exegesis. . . . The chronological span taken on is breathtaking, with translations from late antiquity to the dawn of the Reformation. . . . This work altogether successfully defies the stereotype that medieval interpretation was simply parasitic upon patristic exegesis. It will be extremely valuable as a teaching tool.

—Kevin Madigan, Winn Professor of Ecclesiastical History and associate dean for faculty and academic affairs, Harvard Divinity School

This intelligently presented volume is a model not only in its choice of texts but also for its readable (and learned) introductions and notes. The keen interest in Romans over the centuries explains why Paul’s letter is a classic: it provides a surplus of meaning both in the past and in the present day.

Lawrence S. Cunningham, John A. O’Brien Professor of Theology, University of Notre Dame

One cannot understand patristic and medieval theology without careful attention to Romans. This volume, with its excellent introduction and well-balanced series of translated texts, is an impressive contribution to making the riches of medieval exegesis available to contemporary readers.

—Bernard McGinn, Naomi Shenstone Donnelley Professor Emeritus of Historical Theology, University of Chicago Divinity School

Ian Christopher Levy teaches theology at Providence College. He is also editor of A Companion to John Wyclif and coeditor (with Gary Macy and Kristen van Ausdall) of The Eucharist in the Middle Ages.

Philip Krey is Ministerium of New York Professor Early Church History at the Lutheran Theological Seminary of Philadelphia.

Thomas F. Ryan is director of the Loyola Institute for Ministry in New Orleans and the author of Thomas Aquinas as Reader of the Psalms.

The Letter to the Galatians

  • Author: Ian Christopher Levy
  • Series: The Bible in Medieval Tradition (BMT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Pages: 289

This work on Galatians seeks to reconnect today’s Christians with part of the church’s rich tradition of biblical interpretation. Ian Christopher Levy has brought together six substantial commentaries on Galatians written between the ninth and the fourteenth centuries. Levy’s clear, readable translations of these major texts—previously unavailable in English—are augmented by his in-depth introduction, which locates each author within the broad context of medieval scholarship.


  • Haimo of Auxerre: Complete Galatians
  • Bruno the Carthusian: Complete Galatians
  • Peter Lombard: Galatians 2
  • Robert of Melun: Questions on Galatians
  • Robert Grosseteste: Galatians 3
  • Nicholas of Lyra: Galatians 4
Edited and translated by one of the most gifted and prolific historians of exegesis in the world today, this volume will be indispensable for studying the history of exegesis. Few fields are growing so rapidly in religious studies, and the need for English translations is pressing. Ian Levy here not only masterfully translates six important medieval authors at length. He also supplies a rich and detailed introduction that itself constitutes an important contribution to secondary literature on the reception of Paul’s letter to the Galatians. . . . An ideal volume with which to introduce students to this burgeoning field.

—Kevin Madigan, Winn Professor of Ecclesiastical History, Harvard Divinity School

Ian C. Levy has translated six medieval writings (commentaries and essays) dealing with Paul’s letter to the Galatians. He thus brings these important writings to the attention of modern general readers and students of the Pauline letter. All who consult Levy’s translations will profit from the reading.

Joseph A. Fitzmyer, professor emeritus, Catholic University of America

This first volume of a series devoted to medieval commentaries on sacred scripture, with its capacious introduction and wide choice of translated texts, augurs well for the project as a whole. The medieval masters of what they themselves called ‘the Sacred Page’ brought both deep devotion and skill to their consideration of the Word of God. One only hopes that the subsequent volumes measure up to the high bar set by Levy.

Lawrence S. Cunningham, John A. O’Brien Professor of Theology Emeritus, University of Notre Dame

Levy’s volume offers outstanding access to medieval commentaries on one of Paul's most influential letters. Anyone interested in the history of exegesis will find here a treasure trove; but just as importantly, no one invested in the ‘new perspective on Paul,’ whether pro or con, can afford to neglect these medieval interpretations of the Letter to the Galatians.

—Boyd Taylor Coolman, associate professor, Boston College

Ian Christopher Levy teaches theology at Providence College. He is also editor of A Companion to John Wyclif and coeditor (with Gary Macy and Kristen van Ausdall) of The Eucharist in the Middle Ages.

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    Collection value: $48.98
    Save $3.99 (8%)