This commentary explores how each chapter of Leviticus finds its fulfillment in Jesus Christ—His earthly life, atoning death, resurrection, and ongoing ministry in the heavenly sanctuary on behalf of His people on Earth. Using the methods of ritual analysis, it examines the agents, enactment, and theological purpose of each of the instructions given in the divine speeches in Leviticus.
The commentary on each pericope closes with a section on that specific text’s “Fulfillment in Christ.” A hymn quotation sums up the theology of that pericope as it applies to the Christian faith and worship life of the church.
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“His presence with them, his glory, made and kept them holy (Ex 29:43, 44). Yet their holiness was something that they never possessed for themselves, but kept on receiving from God. It was an acquired state of being, a contingent condition, an extrinsic power, something that was lost as soon as contact with him was lost.” (Page 5)
“The implication of the bias of the classic documentary hypothesis against the historic faith, then, was that pietism and liberal Protestantism are akin to the earliest (and best) forms of Israelite religion. Conversely, the Lutheran church and other churches that have a high view of the pastoral office, liturgy, and sacramental worship are following the theology of P, which is a later development (not the original biblical theology) and is driven by guilt rather than the power of the Gospel.” (Page 16)
“Since the Israelites were holy just as God was holy, they were to act in a godly way and avoid whatever was ungodly. He did not call them to imitate his holiness so that they could become more and more holy like him. Rather, he called them to obey him because they were holy. That is the presupposition for all that follows this speech.” (Page 408)
“The people did not generate their holiness by their observance of God’s commandments, such as those found in 19:3–37; they were called to observe God’s commandments because they were holy and so needed to maintain their holiness (cf. Deut 28:9).” (Page 12)
“The primary function of the public burnt offering was so the Lord would graciously meet with his people.” (Page 65)