Gregory K. Beale explores the variety of ways John uses the Old Testament in the Apocalypse. The introduction surveys and evaluates recent studies, which have been divided over the issue of whether or not John uses the Old Testament with sensitivity to its original literary context. The remainder of the book looks at various ways in which John uses the Old Testament, and argues that there is a reciprocal interpretative relationship between the Old Testament and the Apocalypse.
“The likelihood is that John draws from both Semitic and Greek biblical sources and often modifies both.13 Charles” (Page 62)
“I attempted to demonstrate that a number of works in Jewish apocalyptic literature and some passages in John’s Revelation reflected similar exegetical patterns of the use of Daniel. In particular, I concluded that whole segments in these works were based on sections from the book of Daniel, especially Daniel 7 and Daniel 10–12. This was consistent with the work of Lars Hartman who also found that the synoptic eschatological discourse was based broadly on Daniel 7–12.7 I argued that there was no mechanical dependence nor copying but a creative use of Daniel in the light of the purposes and circumstances of each apocalyptic writer.” (Page 15)
“The Old Testament in general plays such a major role that a proper understanding of its use is necessary for an adequate view of the Apocalypse as a whole.” (Page 61)
“Bauckham argues persuasively that the numbering of Rev. 7:4–8 suggests that those numbered are an army who are to conduct ironic holy war.28 The evidence for the view is primarily fourfold.” (Page 24)
“The reason that John’s visionary experience is set on ‘the Lord’s day’ is to underscore the christological (and theological) focus of the following vision (1:12ff.), which is picked up again in Revelation 4–5.” (Page 19)