Were New Testament writers’ Old Testament quotations accurate? Both redaction and canon criticism have made this question one of their starting points. The apostles were utterly convinced that Old Testament writing anticipated the marvelous events they proclaimed. Did they give meaning to meaningless Old Testament texts? Did they squeeze fulfilled prophecy out of dry passages? Walter Kaiser traces the development of redaction and canon criticism, answering their bold questions head on.
“For the NT writers the church already was in the ‘last days.’” (Page 93)
“To appreciate Matthew’s use of Hosea 11:1, the following points need to be kept in mind: (1) both Israel and Jesus are intimately related to God in the title ‘My Son’; (2) both are intimately interrelated in a corporate solidarity in the use of this technical and theological term, ‘My Son’; and (3) both Hosea and Matthew are emphasizing not so much the departure point, Egypt, as they are stressing the gracious act of God’s preservation in a time of great distress, oppression, and opposition.” (Page 52)
“The word ‘to receive’ (dechomai) in 1 Corinthians 2:14 means ‘to welcome with pleasure, willingly, and earnestly.’ Had the word been lambanō, then the idea would have been simply ‘to receive something.’ Furthermore, the word for ‘know’ (ginōskō) means not just perceiving a thing as such but ‘embracing things as they really are.” (Page 28)
“The title ‘My Son’ was just as messianic as ‘Seed’ in Genesis 3:15” (Page 49)
“Thus, it is safe to conclude that there are approximately 300 formal citations in the NT from the OT in addition to an almost incalculable influence on the language, modes of expression, and thought in the NT. Earl Ellis estimates that approximately one-third of all the NT citations are found in Paul’s epistles—93 OT references.13 Over against the Pauline usage stands the book of Revelation, which probably contains more OT imagery and phrases than any other NT writing, yet it does not contain a single formal quotation from the OT!” (Page 3)
Rev Steve M Conwell