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A Biblical Hebrew Reference Grammar, 2nd ed.

  • Format:Digital



This new and fully revised edition of the A Biblical Hebrew Reference Grammar serves as a user-friendly and up-to-date source of information on the morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics of Biblical Hebrew verbs, nouns and other word classes (prepositions, conjunctions, adverbs, modal words, negatives, focus particles, discourse markers, interrogatives and interjections). It also contains one of the most elaborate treatments of Biblical Hebrew word order yet published in a grammar.

Compiled by authors with extensive experience in the teaching of Hebrew, the text is rendered both easily accessible and a fascinating examination of the language, building upon the initial publication by incorporating up-to-date developments in the study of the Hebrew Bible. This grammar will be of service both to students who have completed an introductory or intermediate course in Biblical Hebrew, and also to more advanced scholars seeking to take advantage of traditional and recent descriptions of the language that go beyond the basic morphology of Biblical Hebrew.

Key Features

  • Updates and expands one of the most advanced Hebrew reference grammars available today
  • Conversant with contemporary grammatical discussion and theory
  • Integrates perspectives on discourse structure and word order to a degree never before seen in a Hebrew grammar



  • Biblical Hebrew as a Semitic Language
  • Unity and Diversity in the Development of Hebrew
  • Overview of the Grammatical Treatment of Biblical Hebrew

Writing System

  • Consonants
  • Vowels
  • Diphthongs
  • Syllables and Accents
  • Masoretic Signs with a Double Function
  • Additional Masoretic Signs

Key Terms and Concepts

  • Aspects of Language Structure
  • Word Categories in Biblical Hebrew
  • Sentences in Biblical Hebrew
  • Beyond the Sentence


  • Overview
  • Morphology of the Basic Paradigm
  • Stem Formation
  • Pronominal Suffixes Added to Verbs
  • Suffixes Added to Yiqtōl/Imperfect Forms
  • Morphology of Irregular (Weak) Verbs
  • Syntax and Semantics of Finite Verbs
  • Syntax and Semantics of Non-finite Verbs
  • Verb Chains and Sequences
  • Valency of Verbs


  • Introduction
  • Congruency of Features of Nouns
  • Declension of the Noun
  • Nouns with Pronominal Suffixes
  • Other Modifications of Nouns
  • Nouns in Appositional Relationships
  • Modification of the Noun by the Adjective
  • Coordination of Nouns
  • Nouns as Complements of Prepositions
  • Nouns as Complements and Adjuncts of Verbs
  • Nouns as Subjects, Predicates and Vocatives
  • Congruence between Subject and Predicate
  • Pronouns
  • Numerals

Other Word Classes

  • Introduction
  • Prepositions
  • Conjunctions, Adverbs and Discourse Markers
  • Negatives
  • Interrogatives
  • Predicators of Existence
  • Interjections
  • Oaths

Word Order

  • Syntax of Word Order
  • Semantic-Pragmatic Functions of Word Order
  • Left Dislocation


One can state firmly that this latest edition is the most up-to-date Hebrew grammar on the market and will be one of the most important reference works for Hebrew in the next decade.

Dr. Oliver Glanz, Associate Professor of Old Testament, Andrews University, Andrews University Seminary Studies (AUSS)

Product Details

In the Logos edition, this volume is enhanced by amazing functionality. Important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Perform powerful searches to find exactly what you’re looking for. Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

About the Authors

Christo van der Merwe is a professor in Biblical Hebrew and Bible Translation in the Department of Ancient Studies, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

Jacobus A. Naudé is is a senior professor in the Department of Hebrew at the University of the Free State (Bloemfontein, South Africa) specialising in translation studies and Bible translation as well as the linguistics of Classical Hebrew.

Sample Pages from the Print Edition