In this revealing course, Dr. Michael Heiser illuminates the Old Testament basis for the Christian Godhead. Dr. Heiser, academic editor at Logos Bible Software, reveals how God was cast as more than one person in the Old Testament, and how New Testament writers applied those descriptions to Jesus. Dive into Old Testament theology and powerful descriptions of God, and discover foundational truths for apologetics and Jewish evangelism. Dr. Heiser holds a PhD in Hebrew Bible and Semitic languages, making him an excellent Old Testament guide.
This is the audio only version of OT291 The Jewish Trinity: How the Old Testament Reveals the Christian Godhead. To purchase the full course, click here.
Introducing the Speaker and Coruse
Unit 1: How Do I Respond to a Jewish Objection to the Christian Trinity?
The Core Beliefs of Judaism
Accessing and Using Hebrew Dictionaries
The First Problem with Understanding Monotheism
Comparing English Translations with the Text Comparison Tool
The Second Problem with Understanding Monotheism
Searching English Bibles for the Words of Christ
Understanding Elohimand the Implications for the Godhead
Unit 2: What Is Yahweh’s Council?
The Divine Council in Psalm 82
The Role of the Divine Council
Using the NET Bible Notes to Find Manuscript Differences
Unit 3: Doesn’t the Old Testament Deny the Existence of Other Gods?
No God Besides Yahweh
Searching for Different Forms of a Phrase from Isaiah 47:8
The Logic of Idolatry in the Ancient World
Idols in Psalm 115
Idols in 1 Corinthians 8
“Elemental Spirits” in Galatians 4
Using the BDAG Greek Lexicon to Determine a Word’s Meaning
Unit 4: Aren’t the Host of Heaven Just Celestial Objects Rather Than Actual Beings?
The “Host of Heaven” in the Old Testament
Summary of Divine Plurality in the Old Testament
Unit 5: What Other Being Was Identified with Yahweh?
The Godhead in Ancient Judaism
The Biblical Evidence for Two Powers in Heaven
The Second Yahweh of the Old Testament
Yahweh and the Angel of Yahweh
Yahweh and “The Word”
Yahweh and the “Cloud Rider”
Unit 6: Did Jews Really Believe in Two Powers?
The Jewish Belief in a Second Yahweh Figure
Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Exalted Humans
Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Important Angels
Finding and Understanding Early Jewish Writings
Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: The Logos
Unit 7: How Did the New Testament Writers Understand the Second Yahweh Figure?
The Second Yahweh and “The Word”
The Second Yahweh and “The Angel”
The Second Yahweh and “The Name”
Finding where “The Name” Refers to God
The Second Yahweh and the “Rider on the Clouds”
Jesus as the Second Yahweh
Unit 8: How Does the Language of Divine Plurality Relate to Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son?
Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son
Understanding the Greek Term Monogenēs
Using the Bible Word Study to Explore the Meaning of Monogenēs
Unit 9: How Did New Testament Writers Express Belief that Jesus Was Unique among the Sons of God?
Review of Divine Plurality in Psalm 82
Jesus’ Quotation of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34
Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part One)
Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part Two)
Creating Collections of Commentaries to Study Psalm 82
Understanding Jesus’ Use of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34
Unit 10: Can Seeds of a Christian Trinity Be Found in the Old Testament?
Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Isaiah 63 and Psalm 78
Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Ezekiel 8
New Testament Use of Old Testament Godhead Language
Summary of Old Testament Godhead Language
Unit 11: How Does an Old Testament Godhead Address the Claims of other Religions?
The Old Testament Godhead and Jehovah’s Witnesses
The Old Testament Godhead and Mormonism
The Old Testament Godhead and Academic Skepticism
The Old Testament Godhead and Jewish Evangelism
Summary of the Course
Title: OT291 The Jewish Trinity: How the Old Testament Reveals the Christian Godhead (audio
Dr. Michael S. Heiseris a former Scholar-in-Residence for Faithlife Corporation, the makers of Logos Bible Software. He currently serves as Executive Director of the Awakening School of Theology and Ministry at Celebration Church in Jacksonville, Florida. His varied academic background enables him to operate in the realm of critical scholarship and the wider Christian community. His experience in teaching at the undergraduate level and writing for the layperson have both directly contributed to Logos’ goal of adapting scholarly tools for nonspecialists.
Dr. Heiser earned his PhD in Hebrew Bible and Semitic languages and holds an MA in ancient history and Hebrew studies. He is the coeditor ofOld Testament Greek Pseudepigrapha with Morphologyand Semitic Inscriptions: Analyzed Texts and English Translations, and can do translation work in roughly a dozen ancient languages, including Biblical Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic, Egyptian hieroglyphs, and Ugaritic cuneiform. He also specializes in Israelite religion (especially Israel’s divine council), contextualizing biblical theology with Israelite and ancient Near Eastern religion, Jewish binitarianism, biblical languages, ancient Semitic languages, textual criticism, comparative philology, and Second Temple period Jewish literature. In addition, he was named the 2007 Pacific Northwest Regional Scholar by the Society of Biblical Literature.