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Products>Mobile Ed: OT291 The Jewish Trinity: How the Old Testament Reveals the Christian Godhead (4 hour course)

Mobile Ed: OT291 The Jewish Trinity: How the Old Testament Reveals the Christian Godhead (4 hour course)

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In this revealing course, Dr. Michael Heiser illuminates the Old Testament basis for the Christian Godhead. Dr. Heiser, academic editor at Logos Bible Software, reveals how God was cast as more than one person in the Old Testament, and how New Testament writers applied those descriptions to Jesus. Dive into Old Testament theology and powerful descriptions of God, and discover foundational truths for apologetics and Jewish evangelism. Dr. Heiser holds a PhD in Hebrew Bible and Semitic languages, making him an excellent Old Testament guide.

Resource Experts

Upon successful completion you should be able to:

  • Define the term “monotheism” in relation to the Old Testament
  • Identify the various meanings of the word elohim in Old Testament usage
  • Explain how Jewish monotheism does not contradict belief in a Godhead
  • List three non-canonical Jewish writings that demonstrate belief in a Godhead
  • Evaluate and refute objections to the deity of Jesus Christ made by Judaism and Jehovah’s Witnesses


  • Introducing the Speaker and Coruse

Unit 1: How Do I Respond to a Jewish Objection to the Christian Trinity?

  • The Core Beliefs of Judaism
  • Accessing and Using Hebrew Dictionaries
  • The First Problem with Understanding Monotheism
  • Comparing English Translations with the Text Comparison Tool
  • The Second Problem with Understanding Monotheism
  • Searching English Bibles for the Words of Christ
  • Understanding Elohimand the Implications for the Godhead

Unit 2: What Is Yahweh’s Council?

  • The Divine Council in Psalm 82
  • The Role of the Divine Council
  • Using the NET Bible Notes to Find Manuscript Differences

Unit 3: Doesn’t the Old Testament Deny the Existence of Other Gods?

  • No God Besides Yahweh
  • Searching for Different Forms of a Phrase from Isaiah 47:8
  • The Logic of Idolatry in the Ancient World
  • Idols in Psalm 115
  • Idols in 1 Corinthians 8
  • “Elemental Spirits” in Galatians 4
  • Using the BDAG Greek Lexicon to Determine a Word’s Meaning

Unit 4: Aren’t the Host of Heaven Just Celestial Objects Rather Than Actual Beings?

  • The “Host of Heaven” in the Old Testament
  • Summary of Divine Plurality in the Old Testament

Unit 5: What Other Being Was Identified with Yahweh?

  • The Godhead in Ancient Judaism
  • The Biblical Evidence for Two Powers in Heaven
  • The Second Yahweh of the Old Testament
  • Yahweh and the Angel of Yahweh
  • Yahweh and “The Word”
  • Yahweh and the “Cloud Rider”

Unit 6: Did Jews Really Believe in Two Powers?

  • The Jewish Belief in a Second Yahweh Figure
  • Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Exalted Humans
  • Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Important Angels
  • Finding and Understanding Early Jewish Writings
  • Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: The Logos

Unit 7: How Did the New Testament Writers Understand the Second Yahweh Figure?

  • The Second Yahweh and “The Word”
  • The Second Yahweh and “The Angel”
  • The Second Yahweh and “The Name”
  • Finding where “The Name” Refers to God
  • The Second Yahweh and the “Rider on the Clouds”
  • Jesus as the Second Yahweh

Unit 8: How Does the Language of Divine Plurality Relate to Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son?

  • Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son
  • Understanding the Greek Term Monogenēs
  • Using the Bible Word Study to Explore the Meaning of Monogenēs

Unit 9: How Did New Testament Writers Express Belief that Jesus Was Unique among the Sons of God?

  • Review of Divine Plurality in Psalm 82
  • Jesus’ Quotation of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34
  • Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part One)
  • Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part Two)
  • Creating Collections of Commentaries to Study Psalm 82
  • Understanding Jesus’ Use of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34

Unit 10: Can Seeds of a Christian Trinity Be Found in the Old Testament?

  • Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Isaiah 63 and Psalm 78
  • Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Ezekiel 8
  • New Testament Use of Old Testament Godhead Language
  • Summary of Old Testament Godhead Language

Unit 11: How Does an Old Testament Godhead Address the Claims of other Religions?

  • The Old Testament Godhead and Jehovah’s Witnesses
  • The Old Testament Godhead and Mormonism
  • The Old Testament Godhead and Academic Skepticism
  • The Old Testament Godhead and Jewish Evangelism


  • Summary of the Course
  • Title: OT291 The Jewish Trinity: How the Old Testament Reveals the Christian Godhead
  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Product Type: Logos Mobile Education
  • Resource Type: Courseware, including transcripts, audio, and video resources
  • Courses: 1
  • Video Hours: 4
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Dr. Michael S. Heiser is a former Scholar-in-Residence for Faithlife Corporation, the makers of Logos Bible Software. He currently serves as Executive Director of the Awakening School of Theology and Ministry at Celebration Church in Jacksonville, Florida. His varied academic background enables him to operate in the realm of critical scholarship and the wider Christian community. His experience in teaching at the undergraduate level and writing for the layperson have both directly contributed to Logos’ goal of adapting scholarly tools for nonspecialists.

Dr. Heiser earned his PhD in Hebrew Bible and Semitic languages and holds and MA in ancient history and Hebrew studies. He is the coeditor of Old Testament Greek Pseudepigrapha with Morphology and Semitic Inscriptions: Analyzed Texts and English Translations, and can do translation work in roughly a dozen ancient languages, including Biblical Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic, Egyptian hieroglyphs, and Ugaritic cuneiform. He also specializes in Israelite religion (especially Israel’s divine council), contextualizing biblical theology with Israelite and ancient Near Eastern religion, Jewish binitarianism, biblical languages, ancient Semitic languages, textual criticism, comparative philology, and Second Temple period Jewish literature. In addition, he was named the 2007 Pacific Northwest Regional Scholar by the Society of Biblical Literature.

Logos Mobile Education is a highly effective cross-platform learning environment that integrates world class teaching with the powerful study tools and theological libraries available in Logos Bible Software. Every course provides links to additional resources and suggested readings that supplement the lecture material at the end of every transcript segment.

This course was produced with screencast videos. These videos provide tutorials showing you how to use Logos Bible Software in ways that are tied directly into the content of the course. We are now producing Activities resources as a replacement for screencast videos. We plan on updating this course to include this additional Activities resource in the future for no extra charge.



27 ratings

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  1. Renold Burke

    Renold Burke


  2. Jonathan Schiesser
  3. Cameron Moore

    Cameron Moore


  4. Matt DeVore

    Matt DeVore


  5. Joseph E

    Joseph E


  6. Puddin’



    *I took this course—and, while I like Dr. Heiser’s demeanor, I’m sorry, but it is an exercise in shadow-swatting to attempt to somehow force the Messiah into the OT canon. *In fact, I will be using this course in the church I pastor to demonstrate how hard some scholars will overreach in attempting to locate God’s Son in the OT (which is easily and quickly refuted)...and is problematic for the supposed “Trinity” doctrine. No disrespect intended toward Dr. Heiser nor Faith Life inasmuch as I enjoy Logos software and appreciate their eclectic sources. In fact I am teaching a tools class to the church next midweek Bible study and I fully intend to advise them to get the Logos app. & make it their go-to for serious academia.
  7. Ian sipley

    Ian sipley


  8. Kevin Bratcher
  9. Matthew Joseph Morris
  10. Edith




Collection value: $219.99
Save $70.00 (31%)
Payment plans available in cart