St. Benedict is hailed as the father of the monastic tradition in Western Christianity. His Rule has remained the foundation and structure of Western monasticism for nearly fifteen centuries. Benedict’s Rule contains seventy-three guidelines for living in an ascetic community. The themes cover include: the monk’s involvement with the outside world, the appropriate treatment of guests, and the nature of authority with the community.
St. Benedict of Nursia is honored by the Roman Catholic church as the patron saint of Europe and he founded multiple communities just outside of Rome for monks. He lived from 480 A.D.–547 A.D.