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UBS 4/Westcott-Hort with Swanson Morphological Analysis
This image is for illustration only. The product is a download.
Runs on Windows, Mac and mobile.


The approach to morphological analysis taken in this project is largely formal and traditional, but influenced and modified by a functional perspective. In some cases, therefore, the grammatical parsing may correspond to what the form is “being used as,” rather than what the form “looks like” according to traditional paradigms. For example, some forms traditionally classed as passive or middle are categorized as “deponent,” if they are serving as active or stative and not passive or middle. Also, lemmas that are often parsed as "adjectives" (but are really nouns) have been further refined in the parsing as nouns or "substantivals."

"Generally, Swanson's compares the standard lexicography of BDAG with semantically based innovations of Louw and Nida, with a view to make a refinement of New Testament forms. While seeking to be positively innovative, it nevertheless regards the traditional parsing models as profitable.

From the Preface

This Logos Bible Software edition of the NA27/UBS4 Greek New Testament utilizes fields within the Logos Bible Software. That is, Logos Bible Software offers the ability to segment certain text and then allows the user to search just that text, or exclude that text from a search.

As most students of the Greek New Testament know, there are several instances of quotes from Old Testament literature within the New Testament. The convention to differentiate these quotations is the use of bold text. Examples of Old Testament passages quoted within the New Testament can be found in Matthew 2:23–4 and Matthew 3:4–6 .

These instances of Old Testament quotations have been encoded as fields within this Logos Bible Software edition of the NA27/UBS4 text. The field name is OTQuote . Therefore, one may now use a search string like "TQuote:ονομα"to locate all instances of the word ονομα within Old Testament quotations.

In addition to the OTQuote field, two other fields have been introduced. These are the DisputedPassage and the LaterAddition fields. Within the NA27/UBS4 text a disputed passage is indicated by single square brackets. Examine Mark 1:1 for an example. Likewise, text that the editors consider to be later additions are indicated by double square brackets. The short and long endings of Mark (Mark 16:8 and Mark 16:9–20) are examples of this.

As always, the Bible text itself is indexed as such and searchable on its own, with or without field syntax. A simple search for a given word will search the entire text, regardless of any underlying field information.

***Due to licensing restrictions, the BHS, UBS, and NA27 do not include critical apparatuses. The apparatuses are included separately in the German Bible Society Bundle.