New Testament authors were convinced that they were living in an age of fulfillment, that the Old Testament was being fulfilled in the life and death of Jesus. One cannot afford to overlook such an important influence on the thoughts and writings of NT authors. This book fills the need for an accessible and well-informed introduction to the Old Testament in the New Testament. It explores the basic issues and offers summaries of the uses of the Old Testament in the Gospels and Acts, in Paul’s letters and in Hebrews, James, and Revelation. Issues of quotation, allusion, and echo are fully explored and placed sensitively in the context of differing approaches. Readers are informed of contemporary debates that have arisen from literary criticism, such as the questions of intertextuality and the uses of allegory.
The author also uses the writings of the Qumran community that existed at the time of Jesus to explore how they too believed they were partaking in the fulfillment of God’s promises. This investigation will show what Qumran texts were available in the first century, how they were viewed, and what techniques were used to interpret them.