If Paul and other New Testament authors were publishing today, would scholars accept their exegetical methods?
This collection of essays presents various perspectives concerning the hermeneutical issue of whether Jesus and the apostles quoted Old Testament texts with respect for their broader Old Testament context. Each of the contributors debates the interpretive understandings by which Old Testament texts are quoted and applied in the New Testament. Were New Testament teachers and authors simply children of rabbinic midrashic scholarship? Did they revere the original context of passages they quoted or fill them with different meaning? What presuppositions about the Old Testament guided their approaches?
[Beale] has deliberately chosen articles from a variety of viewpoints, so that articles by authors as diverse as Roger Nicole, Barnabas Lindars, C. H. Dodd, Howard Marshall, and Albert Sundberg are found in the same collection…The collection is well-chosen, and all interested in this area of biblical study will be grateful to have such a useful tool.
—Allan M. Harman, Reformed Theological Review
“It is to be noted that the whole New Testament contains not even one explicit citation of any of the Old Testament Apocrypha which are considered as canonical by the Roman Catholic Church. This omission can scarcely be viewed as accidental.” (Page 14)
“The New Testament writers did not have the same rules for quotations as are nowadays enforced in works of a scientific character.” (Page 20)
“The New Testament writers sometimes paraphrased their quotations.” (Page 21)
“These passages supply clear evidence that the divine superintendence was not viewed as obliterating the human agency and characteristics of the writers, but rather, that God secured a perfectly adequate presentation of the truth through the responsible and personal agency of the men he called and prepared for this sacred task.” (Page 16)
“The key to understanding the New Testament writers’ use of the Old Testament is in understanding the presuppositions and exegetical methods by which they operated.” (Page 37)