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A User's Guide to the Nestle-Aland 28 Greek New Testament

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This guide introduces the complex new edition of the Nestle-Aland 28 Greek New Testament, detailing its structure and innovations. Ideal for students just embarking on their study of New Testament Greek, this slim volume explains the transmission of the Greek text, introduces manuscript types and textual variants, explains how to use the appendixes in Nestle-Aland, and helps readers understand the complexities of the textual apparatus. Complete with exercises and learning aids, the User’s Guide will help you get the most out of your study of the Greek New Testament.

In the Logos edition, this volume is enhanced by amazing functionality. Important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Perform powerful searches to find exactly what you’re looking for. Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

Use this handy user’s guide with the Logos edition of the Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament, 28th Edition, with Critical Apparatus.

Resource Experts
  • Introduces readers to the Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece, 28 Edition
  • Explains the structure, critical apparatus, and features of the new edition of Nestle-Aland
  • Overviews the transmission of the Greek text and the basics of textual criticism
  • Structure and Intention of the Edition
  • The History of Transmission of the Greek New Testament
  • The Manuscripts
  • Looking at One Page of NA28
  • Structure of the Edition
  • Evaluating Variants
  • Concluding Questions
  • Questions about the Introduction of NA28
  • What is the “Majority Text”?
  • The Text of the Catholic Letters
  • Positive and Negative Apparatus
  • The Early Translations
  • Early Quotations from the New Testament
  • The Canon Tables of Eusebius
  • Appendix I B: Codices Latini
  • Appendix II: Variae Lectiones Minores
  • NA28 as an Edition for Scholars
  • Changes between the 27th and 28th Editions
  • Limitations of the NA28

Top Highlights

“The intention of this edition lies not in reproducing the ‘oldest text’ presented in the oldest manuscript but in reconstructing the text of the hypothetical master copy from which all manuscripts derive, a text the editors refer to as the initial text.” (Page 5)

“the Nestle-Aland editions generally follow German comma rules, which may at times confuse English-speaking users.” (Page 7)

“Between 5,500 and 6,000 handwritten copies with text from the New Testament are known today, and that number continues to increase. There is hardly a sentence of the New Testament that has the exact same wording in each of these exemplars.” (Page 1)

“Papyri are noted in the apparatus with 𝔓 followed by a superscript numeral, as in 𝔓1 𝔓13 𝔓46. Majuscules are noted either by a Hebrew, Greek, or Latin capital letter or by a number beginning with a zero, such as א B Ψ 0108. Minuscules are indicated by a simple number without the zero at the beginning followed by a period, such as 33. 81. 323.” (Page 6)

“additions, deletions, replacements, and rearrangements” (Page 14)

  • Title: A User’s Guide to the Nestle-Aland 28 Greek New Testament
  • Author: David J. Trobisch
  • Series: Text-Critical Studies
  • Volume: 9
  • Publisher: Society of Biblical Literature (SBL)
  • Print Publication Date: 2013
  • Logos Release Date: 2015
  • Pages: 80
  • Language: English
  • Resources: 1
  • Format: Digital › Logos Research Edition
  • Subject: Bible. N.T. Greek › Versions--Nestle-Aland
  • Resource ID: LLS:GUIDENA28GNT
  • Resource Type: Monograph
  • Metadata Last Updated: 2022-02-12T03:46:35Z

David Trobisch is an internationally recognized scholar of Paul’s letters, the formation of the Christian Bible, and biblical manuscripts. He is the coauthor of Bringing the Word to Life: Engaging the New Testament through Performing It.


5 ratings

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  1. Alessandro



  2. Ordice Gallups, Obl.S.B.
  3. Donnie Vick

    Donnie Vick


  4. Ian Carmichael
    A very nice, clear introduction, and the exercises are especially useful for beginners with Koine and textual criticism. I'm enjoying it.
  5. Anthony Sims

    Anthony Sims



Digital list price: $9.99
Save $2.00 (20%)