The theology of the New Testament is indebted to—and a reflection of—major Old Testament themes, images, and language, because the New Testament authors wrote in the context of the Old Testament and the rich Jewish tradition of the study and interpretation of Scripture.
A group of ancient Jewish writers provided the Christian church with its Old Testament Greek text (the Septuagint) and provided Aramaic translations (the Targums) for some of the writers of the New Testament. This group also produced many works that, whether intentionally or not, offered interpretations, expansions, and explanations of difficult or obscure Old Testament passages that influenced the New Testament authors.
From Prophecy to Testament opens with a basic overview of past work on the development of New Testament theology, then offers a superb collection of essays exploring the numerous ways in which New Testament writers were informed by the biblical and extrabiblical literature of the Second-Temple period.
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- Illustrates various ways the Aramaic version of Scripture assists in NT interpretation
- Examines how paraphrasing and interpretive tendencies in the Aramaic clarify similar tendencies in the NT
- Discusses the Aramaic Psalter and its relevance for NT interpretation
- From Aramaic Paraphrase to Greek Testament
- The Aramaic Psalter and the New Testament: Praising the Lord in History and Prophecy
- Immanuel: Virgin Birth Proof Text or Programmatic Warning of Things to Come (Isa. 7:14 in Matt. 1:23)
- The Gospels and the text of the Hebrew Bible: Micah 5:1 (Matt. 2:6) in Tatian’s Diatessaron
- Torah, Life, and Salvation: Leviticus 18:5 in Early Judaism and the New Testament
- The Significance of Signs in Luke 7:22–23 in the Light of Isaiah 61 and the Messianic Apocalypse
- “No One Has Ever Seen God”: Revisionary Criticism in the Fourth Gospel
- The Festival of Weeks and the Story of Pentecost in Acts 2
- Stephen’s Speech (Acts 7) in Its Exegetical Context
- Hagar between Genesis and Galatians: The Stony Road to Freedom
- The Culpability of Eve: From Genesis to Timothy
- From Prophecy to Testament: An Epilogue
Praise for the Print Edition
The study of the influence and use of the Old Testament in the New Testament gains immeasurably in depth when we appreciate that the texts and traditions involved weren’t fixed or static but living, in dynamic interaction with the generations that pondered their words. This book and its various surveys, probes, and well-worked case studies will help bring home this insight with renewed force. I commend it warmly.
—James D. G. Dunn, Emeritus Lightfoot Professor of Divinity, University of Durham
- Title: From Prophecy to Testament: The Function of the Old Testament in the New
- Editor: Craig A. Evans
- Publisher: Baker
- Publication Date: 2004
- Pages: 304
About Craig A. Evans
Dr. Craig A. Evans received his PhD in New Testament from Claremont Graduate University and his DHabil from the Karoli Gaspar Reformed University in Budapest. He is the John Bisagno Distinguished Professor of Christian Origins at Houston Baptist University in Texas.
Evans taught at Trinity Western University in British Columbia for 21 years, where he directed the graduate program in biblical studies and founded the Dead Sea Scrolls Institute. He has recently served on the advisory board for the Gospel of Judas for National Geographic Society and has appeared frequently as an expert commentator on network television programs.
Evans has written and edited extensively on the historical Jesus and the Jewish background of the New Testament era. His published works include From Prophecy to Testament, Jesus and the Ossuaries, Jesus: The Final Days, and Dictionary of New Testament Background.