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How Do We Reason? An Introduction to Logic (Questions in Christian Philosophy)

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How do we think? What does a faithful use of logic look like?

Without even pausing to think about it, we exercise our capacity for rational thought. But how exactly does logic work? What makes some arguments valid and others not?

In this Questions in Christian Philosophy volume, philosopher Forrest Baird offers an introduction to logic. He considers the basic building blocks of human reason, including types of arguments, fallacies, syllogisms, symbols, and proofs, all of which are demonstrated with exercises for students throughout. In addition, he reflects on the relationship between the use of reason and the Christian faith.

With this academic but accessible primer, readers will be introduced to the basics of logic—and encouraged to reason better.

This is a Logos Reader Edition. Learn more.

  • Offers an introduction to logic
  • Considers the basic building blocks of human reason
  • Examines types of arguments, fallacies, syllogisms, symbols, and proofs
  • Questions in Christian Philosophy Series Introduction


  • Introducing Logic

Unit I: Sentences

  • The Functions of Language
  • Informal Fallacies

Unit II: Syllogisms

  • Standard-Form Categorical Propositions
  • Standard-Form Categorical Syllogisms
  • Syllogisms in Ordinary Language

Unit III: Symbols

  • Symbols and Statements
  • Symbols and Arguments
  • Answers for Selected Assignments
Chock full of real-life and timely examples, judiciously calibrated and measured in scope, this altogether student-friendly and accessible primer for learning—and learning well—the rudimentary principles of logic hits just the right note. An ideal choice for an introductory logic course, it can serve as at least a partial antidote to a cultural moment rife with strong emotion and unbridled passion but too often conspicuously deficient in intellectual rigor. Baird would make John Wesley proud! Warmly recommended.

—David Baggett, professor of philosophy and director of the Center for Moral Apologetics at Houston Baptist University

  • Title: How Do We Reason? An Introduction to Logic
  • Author: Forrest E. Baird
  • Series: Questions in Christian Philosophy
  • Publisher: IVP Academic
  • Print Publication Date: 2021
  • Pages: 220
  • Language: English
  • Resources: 1
  • Format: Digital › Logos Reader Edition
  • Resource Type: Monograph
  • Metadata Last Updated: 2020-11-20T17:32:22Z

In the Logos Reader Edition, this volume is enhanced to best fit the content. Scripture references are hand-tagged to integrate with powerful functionality in Logos Bible Software. Page milestones and internal citation tagging provide accurate points of reference. Search important words across resources to find exactly what you’re looking for. Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive tools for reading digital content are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

Forrest E. Baird (PhD, Claremont Graduate University) is emeritus professor of philosophy at Whitworth University. He is the editor of the Philosophic Classics anthology, including Ancient PhilosophyMedieval PhilosophyModern PhilosophyNineteenth-Century PhilosophyTwentieth-Century PhilosophyAsian Philosophy, and From Plato to Derrida.



Digital list price: $18.99
Save $7.00 (36%)

In production