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Created and Creating: A Biblical Theology of Culture
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Created and Creating: A Biblical Theology of Culture


IVP 2016

Runs on Windows, Mac and mobile.

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The gospel of Jesus Christ is always situated within a particular cultural context. But how should Christians approach the complex relationship between our faith and our surrounding culture?

Should we simply retreat from culture? Should we embrace our cultural practices and mindset? How important is it for us to be engaged in our culture? And how might we do that with discernment and faithfulness?

William Edgar offers a rich biblical theology in light of our contemporary culture that contends that Christians should—indeed, must—be engaged in the surrounding culture.

By exploring what Scripture has to say about the role of culture and by gleaning insights from a variety of theologians of culture—including Abraham Kuyper, T. S. Eliot, H. Richard Niebuhr, and C. S. Lewis—Edgar contends that cultural engagement is a fundamental aspect of human existence. He does not shy away from those passages that emphasize the distinction between Christians and the world. Yet he finds, shining through the biblical witness, evidence that supports a robust defense of the cultural mandate to “be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it” (Genesis 1:28).

With clarity and wisdom, Edgar argues that we are most faithful to our calling as God’s creatures when we participate in creating culture.

In the Logos edition, this volume is enhanced by amazing functionality. Important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Perform powerful searches to find exactly what you’re looking for. Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

Key Features

  • Offers a biblical defense of the cultural mandate
  • Encourages Christians to participate in creating culture
  • Surveys the contributions of other cultural studies and philosophers


Part One: Parameters of Culture

  • Cultural Analysis
  • Biblical and Theological Reflections

Part Two: Challenges from Scripture

  • Facing the Contra Mundum Texts
  • Read It Again–Life in This World
  • This World, No Friend?
  • The End of the Beginning
  • Creation and Redemption

Part Three: The Cultural Mandate

  • The First Vocation
  • Culture After the Fall
  • The Cultural Reflex
  • Culture in the New Covenant
  • Culture in the Afterlife

Praise for the Print Edition

Anything from the pen of Bill Edgar is profitable to read, but this subject is in Bill’s wheelhouse. An important book on a topic that, for Western Christians, has never been so crucial.

Tim Keller, Redeemer Presbyterian Church, New York City

Bill Edgar’s Created and Creating is the most thorough and the most solidly biblical contribution to the current discussion of Christ and culture. Edgar's analysis of the historical discussion is wonderfully erudite and nuanced. His treatment of biblical texts and principles is deep and cogent. His conclusion is that God's cultural mandate to Adam is still in effect and that the Great Commission of Jesus applies that mandate to a world lost in sin. I hope and pray that many will read this book and take its message to heart.

John Frame, professor of systematic theology and philosophy, Reformed Theological Seminary

I have been waiting for this book since I first met Dr. Edgar. I can count on one hand the people who are qualified to write such a work, and Bill Edgar is at the top of the list. He is a Christian theologian who is also an expert in cultural studies. This should be the first volume one reads when questions of Christianity and culture are broached.

K. Scott Oliphint, professor of apologetics and systematic theology, Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia

Product Details

About William Edgar

William Edgar is professor of apologetics, holder of the John Boyer Chair of Evangelism and Culture, and coordinator of the apologetics department at Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia. He is the author of several books, including A Transforming Vision: The Lord’s Prayer as a Lens for Life, Francis Schaeffer on the Christian Life, Christian Apologetics Past & Present, and Truth in All Its Glory: Commending the Reformed Faith.

Sample Pages from the Print Edition