Faithlife Corporation

Business Hours

Monday – Saturday
6 AM – 6 PM PST
Local: 10:02 PM
Reversing Hermon: Enoch, the Watchers, and the Forgotten Mission of Jesus Christ
See inside
This image is for illustration only. The product is a download.

Reversing Hermon: Enoch, the Watchers, and the Forgotten Mission of Jesus Christ


Lexham Press 2017

Runs on Windows, Mac and mobile.


Reversing Hermon is a groundbreaking work. It unveils what most in the modern Church have never heard regarding how the story of the sin of the Watchers in 1 Enoch 6-16 helped frame the mission of Jesus, the messiah. Jews of the first century expected the messiah to reverse the impact of the Watchers’ transgression. For Jews of Jesus’ day, the Watchers were part of the explanation for why the world was so profoundly depraved. The messiah would not just revoke the claim of Satan on human souls and estrangement from God, solving the predicament of the Fall. He would also bring the nations back into relationship with the true God by defeating the principalities and powers that governed them. Jews also believed that the messiah would rescue humanity from self-destruction, the catalyst for which was the sin of the Watchers and the influence of what they had taught humankind. The role of Enoch’s retelling of Genesis 6:1-4 in how New Testament writers wrote of Jesus and the cross has been largely lost to a modern audience. Reversing Hermon rectifies that situation.

Topics include:

  • Understanding Genesis 6:1-4 and the sin of the Watchers in their original context: how the ancient Mesopotamian story of the apkallu aligns with Genesis 6:1-4 was preserved in 1 Enoch and sets the stage for the theme of reversing the evil of the Watchers
  • How the theme of reversing the transgression of the Watchers colors the gospel accounts of the birth of Jesus, his genealogy, and his ministry
  • How the writings of Peter and Paul allude to the sin of the Watchers and present Jesus as overturning the disastrous effects of their sins against humanity
  • How the descriptions of the antichrist, the end-times Day of the Lord, and the final judgment connect to Genesis 6 and the nephilim

Though every topic addressed in Reversing Hermon can be found in scholarly academic literature, Reversing Hermon is the first book to gather this information and make it accessible to Bible students everywhere. The book also includes lengthy appendices on the ancient debate on the inspiration of the book of 1 Enoch, New Testament allusions to the book, and academic resources for studying 1 Enoch and the Book of Giants from the Dead Sea Scrolls.

In the Logos edition, this volume is enhanced by amazing functionality. Important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Perform powerful searches to find exactly what you’re looking for. Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

Key Features

  • Examines the sin of the Watchers
  • Reveals how Christ overturns the disastrous effects of the Watchers’ sin
  • Looks at how New Testament writers allude to the Watchers


Part 1: Genesis 6:1-4 in Its Original Ancient Contexts

  • The Sons of God and the Nephilim: Taking Genesis 6:1-4 Seriously
  • The Sin of the Watchers in 1 Enoch and Other Enochian Texts
  • The Mesopotamian Apkallu, the Watchers, and the Nephilim

Part 2: Reversing Hermon in the Gospels

  • The Sin of the Watchers and the Birth of Jesus
  • The Sin of the Watchers and the Genealogy of Jesus
  • The Sin of the Watchers and the Ministry of Jesus

Part 3: Reversing Hermon in the Epistles

  • The Sin of the Watchers and Human Depravity
  • The Sin of the Watchers and the Head Covering of 1 Corinthians 11
  • The Sin of the Watchers and Baptism

Part 4: Reversing Hermon in the Book of Revelation

  • The Sin of the Watchers, the Nephilim, and the Antichrist
  • The Sin of the Watchers and the Apocalypse
  • Conclusion


  • Appendix 1: The Question of the Inspiration of 1 Enoch in the Early Church
  • Appendix 2: The Dating and Manuscript Evidence for 1 Enoch and the Book of Giants
  • Appendix 3: Scholarly Bibliography on 1 Enoch and the Book of Giants
  • Appendix 4: New Testament Allusions to Books of the Pseudepigrapha
  • Appendix 5: The Ancient Antichrist Profile

Product Details

  • Title: Reversing Hermon: Enoch, the Watchers, and the Forgotten Mission of Jesus Christ
  • Author: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Pages: 326
  • Format: Logos Digital

About the Author

Dr. Michael S. Heiser is a Scholar-in-Residence for Faithlife Corporation, the makers of Logos Bible Software. His varied academic background enables him to operate in the realm of critical scholarship and the wider Christian community. His experience in teaching at the undergraduate level and writing for the layperson both directly contribute to Logos’ goal of adapting scholarly tools for nonspecialists.

Dr. Heiser earned his PhD in Hebrew Bible and Semitic languages and holds an MA in ancient history and Hebrew studies. He is the coeditor of Old Testament Greek Pseudepigrapha with Morphology and Semitic Inscriptions: Analyzed Texts and English Translations, and can do translation work in roughly a dozen ancient languages, including Biblical Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic, Egyptian hieroglyphs, and Ugaritic cuneiform. He also specializes in Israelite religion (especially Israel’s divine council), contextualizing biblical theology with Israelite and ancient Near Eastern religion, Jewish binitarianism, biblical languages, ancient Semitic languages, textual criticism, comparative philology, and Second Temple period Jewish literature. In addition, he was named the 2007 Pacific Northwest Regional Scholar by the Society of Biblical Literature.

Sample Pages from the Print Edition