What is Advent? The Advent season includes the four Sundays leading up to Christmas and begins this year on Sunday, November 28. It’s a time of expectancy and preparation for the celebration of Jesus’ birth.
Each year as December draws near, many of us commit to finding rest in a season notoriously wrought with materialism, busyness, and exhaustion. We want to focus on what really matters and prepare our hearts and minds to remember the birth of Christ and all that it means for the believer. One way to do this is by celebrating Advent, which for centuries has been tied to the first coming of Christ.
In this excerpt from the introduction of Advent for Everyone: A Journey through Matthew, N. T. Wright answers the question, “What is Advent?” by offering a broader, deeper understanding of what it means—and why Advent is important for believers today.
Advent itself can be puzzling. “Advent” means “coming” or “arrival.” The hymns and readings often used at this season seem to be about two quite different things: about waiting for the “first coming,” the birth of Jesus, and about waiting for his “second coming” to put all things right in the end. How did these things get muddled up? How can we make wise, prayerful sense out of it all?
The early Christians developed the “church’s year” as a way of telling, learning, and reliving the story of Jesus, which stands at the heart of our faith. As they did so, they came to understand that it wasn’t simply a matter of going round and round the same sequence and never getting anywhere.
Think of a bicycle wheel; it goes round and round, but it is moving forwards, not standing still. . . . So it is with the church’s year. We go round the circuit: Advent, Christmas, Epiphany, Lent, Holy Week and Good Friday, Easter, Pentecost. The traditional Western churches sum all this up on Trinity Sunday, as we learn more deeply who our glorious God really is.
. . . [But] we are not simply going round and round the same topics and never getting anywhere. We are signing on as part of God’s larger project, God’s forward purposes, his plans for the whole creation to be renewed, so that (as the prophets said) the earth will be full of the knowledge and glory of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea. . . . That is the Advent hope.
So the Church’s year overlaps with itself. In Advent, we think our way back to the ancient people of God, to the call of Abraham and his family as the start of God’s rescue operation for a world in ruins and a human race in chaos. We follow the story of Israel’s hope, a hope that refused to die no matter what terrible things happened; a hope that the first Christians believed had become human in the baby Jesus.
With that “first Advent,” it was clear that God’s rescue operation for humans and the world had been decisively begun but not yet completed. Jesus really did launch God’s kingdom “on earth as in heaven” in his public career, his death, and his resurrection. But it was clear, because of the sort of thing this kingdom was, that it would then need to make its way through the humble, self-giving service of Jesus’ followers, until the time when Jesus would return to finish the work, to put all things right, to banish evil and death forever, and bring heaven and earth completely together.
The “second Advent” then, overlaps with the first. We celebrate Jesus’ first coming, and use that sense of fulfillment to fuel our hope for his second coming and to strengthen us to work for signs of that kingdom in our own day. . . . That is one way of saying what it means to be a follower of Jesus.
- Books on Advent: Celebrate Christ with These 10 Resources
- What the Tyrant King Herod Taught Me about Advent
- Tidings of Comfort and Joy by Mark Yarbroah
- Modern Studies on the Incarnation (26 vols.)
- Advent for Everyone: A Journey through Matthew by N. T. Wright
- A Light Has Dawned (new from Lexham Press) with contributions by Billy Graham, Elisabeth Elliot, Eugene Peterson, and more
- The Dawning of Indestructible Joy: Daily Readings for Advent by John Piper
- God Is in the Manger: Reflections on Advent and Christmas by Dietrich Bonhoeffer