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Most Recommended

Dunn, James D.G., The New Perspective on Paul: Revised Edition (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2007, contains Dunn’s essays on the new perspective from the 1980s to 2004.

Dunn, James D.G., Jesus, Paul, and the Law: Studies in Mark and Galatians (Westminster/John Knox Press), 1990, contains essays written throughout the ’80s.

Dunn, James D.G. and Suggate, Alan M., The Justice of God: A Fresh Look at the Old Doctrine of Justification by Faith (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 1993, is a practical little book exploring social ramifications of the new perspective.

Sanders, E.P., Paul and Palestinian Judaism: A Comparison of Patterns of Religion (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press), 1977, is the book that really started it all.

Stendahl, Krister, Paul Among Jews and Gentiles and Other Essays (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press), 1976, contains the single most important essay anticipating the new perspective.

Thompson, Michael B., The New Perspective on Paul (Cambridge: Grove Books Limited), 2002, is an excellent introduction to the new perspective. Available in PDF format as La Nueva Perspectiva de Pablo by Michael B. Thompson traducido por L.A. Jovel y revisado por J. Navarro.

Wright, N.T., Paul and His Recent Interpreters (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press), 2013, is a companion volume to Paul and the Faithfulness of God and Pauline Perspectives.

Wright, N.T., Paul and the Faithfulness of God (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press), 2013, is the fourth installment in Wright’s magisterial series, Christian Origins and the Question of God.

Wright, N.T., Pauline Perspectives (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press), 2013, is an anthology of N.T. Wright’s essays about Paul.

Wright, N.T., What St. Paul Really Said: Was Paul of Tarsus the Real Founder of Christianity? (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 1997, is an excellent summary of the new approach to Paul.

Wright, N.T., Justification: God’s Plan and Paul’s Vision (London: SPCK), 2009, is Wright’s response to John Piper and other critics.

Yinger, Kent L., The New Perspective on Paul: An Introduction (Cascade Books), 2011, provides a brief overview.

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Anderson, Garwood P., Paul’s New Perspective: Charting a Soteriological Journey (IVP Academic), 2016, proposes to reconcile the new perspective with the traditional perspective by charting a trajectory of development in Paul’s thought.

Aune, David E., ed., Rereading Paul Together: Protestant and Catholic Perspectives on Justification (Baker Academic), 2006, is a follow-up to the 1999 Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification.

Bassler, Jouette M., Navigating Paul: An Introduction to Key Theological Concepts (Westminster John Knox Press), 2006, focuses on major Pauline themes such as grace, law, faith, righteousness, Israel, resurrection, and what it means to be ‘in Christ.’

Bird, Michael F., A Bird’s Eye View of Paul (Inter-Varsity Press), 2008, surveys the main contours of Paul’s thought.

Bird, Michael F., ed., Four Views on the Apostle Paul (Zondervan), 2012, presents Reformed (Thomas R. Schreiner), Catholic (Luke Timothy Johnson), Post-New Perspective (Douglas Campbell), and Jewish (Mark D. Nanos) views of Paul.

Bird, Michael F., The Saving Righteousness of God: Studies on Paul, Justification and the New Perspective (Wipf & Stock Publishers), 2007, is an evangelical contribution to the discussion.

Bolton, David, Justifying Paul Among Jews and Christians? A Critical Investigation of the New Perspective on Paul in Light of Jewish-Christian Dialogue (Amazon Digital Services), 2012, is an interdisciplinary dissertation.

Boyarin, Daniel, A Radical Jew: Paul and the Politics of Identity (University of California Press), 1994, struggles with Paul from a postmodern Jewish perspective.

Brondos, David A., Paul on the Cross: Reconstructing the Apostle’s Story of Redemption(Fortress Press), 2006, argues for a radical rethinking of the atonement.

Brown, Richard A., What was Paul Thinking? A Study Text Introducing the New Perspective on Paul and Paul’s Thoughts on Women and Homosexuality (Isaac’s Press), 2010, is an eight-lesson adult Bible study.

Byrne, Brendan, Romans (Liturgical Press), 1996, is Volume 6 of the Sacra Pagina Series.

Campbell, Douglas A., The Quest for Paul’s Gospel: A Suggested Strategy (London: T&T Clark), 2005, argues for a ‘pneumatologically participatory martyrological eschatology’ (‘PPME’) model of interpretation of Paul over against the traditional ‘justification by faith’ (‘JF’) and ‘salvation-historical’ (‘SH’) models.

Campbell, Douglas A., The Deliverance of God: An Apocalyptic Rereading of Justification in Paul (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2009, argues for an ‘apocalyptic’ reading of Paul over against ‘Lutheran’ and ‘new perspective’ readings.

Campbell, William S., Paul and the Creation of Christian Identity (London: T&T Clark), 2008 pb Edition, argues against the concept of a universal Christian identity in Paul.

Capes, David B., Reeves, Rodney, and Richards, E. Randolph, eds., Rediscovering Paul: An Introduction to His World, Letters, and Theology, 2nd ed. (IVP Academic), 2017, is an introductory text for students.

Cara, Robert J., Cracking the Foundation of the New Perspective on Paul: Covenantal Nomism versus Reformed Covenantal Theology (Mentor), 2017, argues against the new perspective on the basis of its understanding of Second Temple Judaism.

Carson, D.A., O’Brien, Peter T., and Seifrid, Mark, eds., Justification and Variegated Nomism: The Complexities of Second Temple Judaism (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House), 2001, reexamines Sanders’ thesis on covenantal nomism.

Carson, D.A., O’Brien, Peter T., and Seifrid, Mark, eds., Justification and Variegated Nomism: The Paradoxes of Paul (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House), 2004, is a follow-up volume.

Chester, Stephen J., Conversion at Corinth: Perspectives on Conversion in Paul’s Theology and the Corinthian Church (T&T Clark Int’l), 2005, studies Paul’s own perspectives on conversion in 1 Corinthians.

Cousar, Charles B. and Tucker, Gene M., eds., The Letters of Paul (Abingdon Press), 1996, is part of the Interpreting Biblical Texts Series.

Cromhout, Markus, Walking in Their Sandals: A Guide to First-Century Israelite Identity (Cascade Books), 2010, invites readers to immerse themselves in the identity, values, and institutions of first-century CE Israelites with the help of contemporary social-scientific studies and theories.

Das, A. Andrew, Paul and the Jews (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.), 2003, proposes a “newer perspective” on Paul.

Das, A. Andrew, Paul, the Law, and the Covenant (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.), 2001, provides a careful and nuanced critique of the new perspective.

Dewey, Arthur J., Hoover, Roy W., McGaughy, Lane C., and Schmidt, Daryl D., The Authentic Letters of Paul: A New Reading of Paul’s Rhetoric and Meaning (Polebridge Press), 2010, is a fresh new translation of Paul.

Donaldson, Terence L., Paul and the Gentiles: Remapping the Apostle’s Convictional World(Fortress Press), 1997, argues that Paul did not abandon his Jewish frame of reference but reconfigured it.

Dunn, James D.G., Epistle to the Galatians (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.), 1995, is volume 9 of Black’s New Testament Commentary.

Dunn, James D.G., Jesus, Paul, and the Gospels (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2011, presents a set of 2009 lectures to Catholic and Jewish audiences in Italy, Spain, and Israel.

Dunn, James D.G., ed., Paul and the Mosaic Law (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2001, contains essays by sixteen international scholars.

Dunn, James D.G., ed., The Cambridge Companion to St Paul (Cambridge University Press), 2003, contains a variety of essays.

Dunn, James D.G., The Theology of Paul’s Letter to the Galatians (Cambridge University Press), 1993, explores Paul in his historical context.

Dunn, James D.G., The Theology of Paul the Apostle (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 1997, is a systematic treatment of Paul.

Dunn, James D.G., Word Biblical Commentary, Romans 1-8 (Dallas, TX: Word Books), 1988, is volume 38A of this evangelical commentary series.

Dunn, James D.G., Word Biblical Commentary, Romans 9-16 (Dallas, TX: Word Books), 1988, is volume 38B of this evangelical commentary series.

Ehrensperger, Kathy, That We May Be Mutually Encouraged: Feminism and the New Perspective in Pauline Studies (T&T Clark Pubs.), 2004, considers the new perspective in light of feminism.

Elliott, Mark A., The Survivors of Israel: A Reconsideration of the Theology of Pre-Christian Judaism (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2000, criticizes the prevailing view of “covenantal nomism.”

Garlington, Don, An Exposition of Galatians: A New Perspective / Reformational Reading (Wipf & Stock Publishers), 2002, incorporates insights from the new perspective.

Garlington, Don, Faith, Obedience & Perseverance: Aspects of Paul’s Letter to the Romans (Wipf & Stock Publishers), 2009, brings insights from the new perspective to bear on Romans.

Gardlington, Don, In Defense of the New Perspective on Paul: Essays and Reviews (Wipf & Stock Publishers), 2005, is a collection of essays from a Reformed perspective.

Garlington, Don, The Obedience of Faith: A Pauline Phrase in Historical Context (Wipf & Stock Publishers), 2009, is now available in paperback.

Gathercole, Simon J., Where Is Boasting: Early Jewish Soteriology and Paul’s Response in Romans 1-5 (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2002, argues that works-righteousness was one element to which Paul reacted.

Given, Mark D., ed., Paul Unbound: Other Perspectives on the Apostle (Baker Academic), 2010, includes a wide variety of essays.

Gombis, Timothy G., Paul: A Guide for the Perplexed (New York: T&T Clark), 2010, is an upper-undergraduate level engagement of current Pauline studies.

Gooder, Paula. Phoebe: A Story (IVP Academic), 2018, is an annotated historical novel.

Gorman, Michael J., Apostle of the Crucified Lord: A Theological Introduction to Paul and His Letters (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2004, is a comprehensive treatment of Paul’s letters.

Harink, Douglas, Paul Among the Postliberals (Brazos Press), 2003, places Paul’s doctrine of justification by faith in its socio-political context.

Harmon, Matthew, and Smith, Jay E., Studies in the Pauline Epistles: Essays in Honor of Douglas J. Moo (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan), 2014, is a Festschrift to Douglas J. Moo featuring essays by James D.G. Dunn, Stephen Westerholm, N.T. Wright, D.A. Carson, G.K. Beale, Robert Yarbrough, and others.

Hays, Richard B., and Johnson, Luke Timothy, The Faith of Jesus Christ: The Narrative Substructure of Galatians 3:1-4:11 (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2001, is part of the Biblical Resource Series.

Holland, Tom, Contours of Pauline Theology: A Radical New Survey of the Influences on Paul’s Biblical Writings (Mentor), 2004, highlights the narrative of the Exodus in the writings of Paul.

Holland, Tom, Tom Wright and the Search for Truth: A Theological Evaluation (Apiary), 2017, proposes a rival constructive theology and narrative substructure in his new exodus motif.

Holzbrecher, Frank, Paulus und der historische Jesus. Darstellung und Analyse der bisherigen Forschungsgeschichte (TANZ 48, Tübingen), 2007, considers, among other things, the impact that the new perspective has had on this old question.

Hooker, Morna D., Paul: A Short Introduction (Oxford: One World Publications), 2003, articulates the current state of Pauline studies.

Howard, George, Paul: Crisis in Galatia: A Study in Early Christian Theology (Cambridge University Press), 1979, is part of the Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series.

Hultgren, Arland J., Paul’s Letter to the Romans: A Commentary (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2011, presents a traditional Lutheran view.

Husbands, Mark, and Treier, Daniel J., ed., Justification: What’s at Stake in the Current Debates (InterVarsity Press), 2004, contains essays by Robert H. Gundry, D.A. Carson, Bruce L. McCormack, Mark Seifrid, Anthony N.S. Lane, Paul D. Molnar, Geoffrey Wainwright, and others.

Karris, Robert J., Galatians and Romans (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press), 2005, is a helpful commentary from the new perspective.

Kaylor, R. David, Paul’s Covenant Community: Jew & Gentile in Romans (Atlanta, GA: John Kox Press), reprint 1989, takes a balanced approach.

Keck, Leander E., Romans (Abingdon Press), 2005, is part of the Abingdon New Testament Commentaries series.

Kim, Seyoon, Paul and the New Perspective: Second Thoughts on the Origin of Paul’s Gospel (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2001, departs from the new perspective.

Kruse, Colin G., Paul, the Law, and Justification (Peabody, Massachussetts: Hendrickson Publisers, Inc.), 1997, grapples with the new perspective and the doctrine of justification.

Longenecker, Bruce, and Still, Todd D., Thinking through Paul: A Survey of His Life, Letters, and Theology (Zondervan), 2014, is an introductory textbook.

Matera, Frank J., Galatians (Liturgical Press), 1992, is Volume 9 of the Sacra Pagina Series.

Meech, John, Paul in Israel’s Story: Self and Community at the Cross (Oxford University Press), 2006, is an interdisciplinary study of Paul illuminated by the work of Paul Ricoeur.

Moore, Richard K., Rectification (‘Justification’) in Paul, in Historical Perspective, and in the English Bible: God’s Gift of Right Relationship 3 vols. (Edward Mellen Press), 2002, argues for a relational model of Paul’s doctrine of justification.

Nanos, Mark D., ed., The Galatians Debate: Contemporary Issues in Rhetorical and Historical Interpretation (Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.), 2002, is an excellent introduction to studies in Galatians.

Oropeza, B.J., Jews, Gentiles, and the Opponents of Paul: Apostasy in the New Testament Communities, Volume 2: The Pauline Letters (Wipf & Stock Pub.), 2012, focuses on the subject of apostasy in the undisputed and disputed Pauline letters.

Park, Eung Chun, Either Jew or Gentile: Paul’s Unfolding Theology of Inclusivity (Westminster/John Knox Press), 2003, reconstructs a focused and coherent narrative of the last two decades of the life of Paul as it revolved around gentile mission.

Pate, Marvin C., The Reverse of the Curse: Paul, Wisdom, and the Law (Coronet Books), 2001, questions the new perspective.

Piper, John, The Future of Justification: A Response to N.T. Wright (Crossway Books), 2007, warns all Christians against N.T. Wright’s interpretation of Paul’s doctrine of justification.

Rapa, Robert Keith, The Meaning of ‘Works of the Law’ in Galatians and Romans (New York, NY: Peter Lang), 2001, is Volume 31 of Studies in Biblical Literature.

Sanders, E.P., Paul: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press), 2001, is a concise summary.

Sanders, E.P., Paul, the Law, and the Jewish People (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press), 1983, is a good follow-up to his 1977 book.

Schnelle, Udo, Apostle Paul: His Life and Theology (Baker Academic), 2005, is a thorough and comprehensive treatment of Pauline theology.

Schreiner, Thomas R., The Law & Its Fulfillment: A Pauline Theology of Law (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House), 1993, responds to the new perspective from a Lutheran standpoint.

Scott, Bernard Brandon, ed., Rediscovering the Apostle Paul (Polebridge Press), 2011, is the fifth volume of the Jesus Seminar Guides.

Stegman, Thomas D., Second Corinthians (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic), 2009, is a Catholic commentary.

Stuhlmacher, Peter and Hagner, Donald Alfred, Revisiting Paul’s Doctrine of Justification: A Challenge to the New Perspective (Intervarsity Press), 2001, defends the traditional view.

Thielman, Frank, Paul and the Law: A Contextual Approach (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press), 1994, seeks to preserve the traditional reading of Paul on justification while taking seriously the Sanders revolution.

Thomas, Matthew J., Paul’s ‘Works of the Law’ in Second Century Reception (Mohr Siebeck), 2018, argues that Paul did not oppose “works” due to moralism, nor primarily for experiential or social reasons, but because of the promised new law and covenant in Christ.

Thompson, James W., Moral Formation according to Paul: The Context an Coherence of Pauline Ethics (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic), 2011, argues that Paul recognized the continuing importance of the law.

VanLandingham, Chris, Judgment & Justification In Early Judaism And The Apostle Paul (Hendrickson Publishers), 2006, addresses the relationship between divine grace and human reward in the context of the Greco-Roman world and early Judaism.

Venema, Cornelis P., Getting the Gospel Right: Assessing the Reformation and New Perspectives on Paul (Banner of Truth), 2006, is a Calvinist critique of the new perspective.

Visscher, Gerhard H., Romans 4 and the New Perspective on Paul: Faith Embraces the Promise (Peter Lang Publishing), 2009, argues that the new perspective is generally in need of substantial revision.

Vlachos, Chris, The Law and the Knowledge of Good and Evil: The Edenic Background of the Catalytic Operation of the Law in Paul (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock), 2009, challenges the new perspective on the basis of 1 Corinthians 15:56.

Waters, Guy Prentiss, Justification and the New Perspectives on Paul: A Review and Response (P&R Publishing), 2004, is another criticism of the new perspective.

Watson, Francis, Paul and the Hermeneutics of Faith (London: T&T Clark), 2005, is a nuanced treatment of the topic from a former advocate of the new perspective.

Watson, Francis, Paul, Judaism, and the Gentiles: Beyond the New Perspective (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2007, is a revised and expanded version of his 1986 book.

Westerholm, Stephen, Israel’s Law and the Church’s Faith: Paul and His Recent Interpreters (Wipf & Stock Publishers), 1998, also acknowledges Protestantism’s traditional misrepresentation of Judaism while yet defending the classic Lutheran position.

Westerholm, Stephen, Justification Reconsidered: Rethinking a Pauline Theme (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.), 2013, notes weaknesses in traditional understandings of Paul but argues that the new perspective nevertheless fails to do justice to Paul.

Westerholm, Stephen, Perspectives Old and New on Paul: The “Lutheran” Paul and His Critics, 2003, is another contribution to the debate.

Wright, N.T., Paul for Everyone: Galatians and Thessalonians (SPCK), 2002, is part of Wright’s popular commentary series.

Wright, N.T., The Climax of the Covenant: Christ and the Law in Pauline Theology (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press), 1994, contains a series of foundational essays.

Wright, N.T., et al., The New Interpreter’s Bible: Acts – 1 Corinthians (Abingdon Press), 2002, contains Wright’s long-awaited commentary on Romans.

Wright, N.T., The New Testament and the People of God: Christian Origins and the Question of God, Vol. 1 (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press), 1992, is the first of a projected six-volume series.

Yee, Tet-Lim N., Jews, Gentiles and Ethnic Reconciliation: Paul’s Jewish Identity and Ephesians (Cambridge University Press), 2005, examines Ephesians in light of the new perspective.

Yinger, Kent L., Paul, Judaism, and Judgment According to Deeds (Cambridge University Press), 1999, surveys the theme of judgment in Paul and in the Hebrew Scriptures, the Pseudepigrapha, and Qumran.

Zoccali, Christopher, Whom God Has Called: The Relationship of Church and Israel in Pauline Interpretation, 1920 to the Present (Pickwick Publications), 2010, proposes a middle path between supersessionism and the “two covenant” approach to Paul’s understanding of Israel and the Church.