Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament, 28th Edition
The text of the NA28 is the standard critical edition of the GNT used worldwide in every facet of NT study and translation. The critical theory behind the text is “eclectic,” where decisions regarding variant readings have been made (and continue to be made with each new edition) in light of the entire scope of evidence available to date. The NA28 boasts a more robust critical apparatus than the UBS5, as well as more cross references and variant readings from the Church Fathers. The NA28 is considered the most authoritative and trustworthy text of the Greek NT today.
The Greek New Testament, Fifth Edition (UBS5) with Critical Apparatus
The 5th edition of the United Bible Society’s GNT is considered the standard text for translators and students. The critical apparatus of the UBS5 is purposely limits the number of variants listed in order to focus on the variants considered most important for translation and exegesis, although it does list more manuscript witnesses in its apparatus. The text is essentially the same as the NA28, but the apparatus of the UBS5 employs a scale of certainty, from A–D, reflecting the editors’ decisions regarding the original form of the text at key variants.
The Greek New Testament: SBL Edition (SBL)
This edition of the GNT is the result of a collaboration between the Society of Biblical Literature and Lexham Press. The apparatus of the SBLGNT is unique in that, instead of listing individual manuscripts, it cites other critical editions of the GNT; the first dozen editions of Nestle did likewise. The fact that the SBLGNT differs in over 540 places from the standard text points to the importance of ongoing text-critical work and its benefit to the church, a point made explicit by the use of an apparatus that collates the major text critics of the NT past and present.
The New Testament in the Original Greek: Byzantine Textform 2005 with Morphology (BYZ)
Robinson/Pierpont is the latest edition of the GNT to prioritize the Byzantine (Majority) text-type. The work includes lemmas, parsing, and morphology for all the words in the Greek New Testament. There is also an extensive preface that outlines the various extant text types, and includes a section with an equitable description of the Byzantine-Priority Theory. Comparisons are made throughout the apparatuses with witnesses from other text-type traditions, including the Western, Alexandrian, and Caesarean. This volume is essential for conducting important comparative work editions of the GNT that favour alternative text-types or theories of textual reconstruction.
The Greek New Testament According to the Majority Text, with Apparatus (Hodges/Farstad)
This is the definitive edition for the Byzantine (or Majority) Text, complete with a critical apparatus. The work offers an alternative approach to the text-critical theories established by Westcott and Hort in the latter part of the 19th century. Hodges and Farstad’s work is a beneficial addition to any Greek NT library as a reliable representation of the Byzantine text form with a helpful apparatus for discussions of divergence amongst the majority of extant GNT manuscripts.
The New Testament in the Original Greek (Westcott and Hort)
Westcott and Hort’s 1881 edition of the GNT is one of the most important modern editions of the GNT ever produced. This text represents the cutting edge of British text-critical scholarship at the turn of the 19th century, and the impact of Westcott and Hort’s text has perpetuated. Their classification system of the various text types has remained largely unchanged and is still utilized by scholars today. Indeed, Westcott and Hort’s efforts catalyzed the field of NT textual criticism, and their edition was the forebear of the texts of Nestle-Aland and the United Bible Society. The Logos edition is further enhanced by morphological tagging.
Novum Testamentum Graece: Apparatus Criticus (3 vols.)
Tischendorf’s critical edition of the Greek NT, although originally published in the latter half of the 19th century, remains a keystone resource for textual critics of the NT. The work is highly regarded for its comprehensive insight into the Greek text and its numerous variant readings. Tischendorf, who famously discovered Codex Sinaiticus, was an exceptionally thorough scholar, and that is reflected in his meticulous accounting of every major reading for all the major variants in the NT. This is the only electronic version to include Tischendorf’s third volume, the “complete apparatus,” without which the entire apparatus is practically indiscernible.
The Greek Testament (8 vols.)
Henry Alford’s massive 1863 work on the Greek text of the New Testament combines, in four volumes, a critical edition of the GNT, a verse-by-verse commentary, manuscript lists, and a series of essential prolegomena. The work centers on a philological and textual analysis of the GNT, contrary to more theological and homiletical approaches which had previously dominated the genre. The value of The Greek Testament is as a supplementary tool for serious study of the Greek text of the NT. Alford provides commentary on nearly every word in the NT, and his scope of inquiry encompasses literary, text critical, grammatical, idiomatic, and lexical concerns.
Stephen's Textus Receptus (1550) with Morphology
The Stephanus edition of the GNT is distinguished as the version of the Textus Receptus used by the translators of the Authorized (King James) Version of 1611. The text is also known as the Editio Regia, so called for the stunning Greek font used to produce it. However, the Stephanus Textus Receptus must also be identified as the earliest predecessor of modern critical editions. Stephanus was a Parisian printer who produced his third edition of the GNT based on 15 manuscripts and the Complutensian Polyglot, which he named with various sigla attested in a critical apparatus, the first of its kind in the history of the GNT.