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Greek Accents: A Student's Manual
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Greek Accents: A Student's Manual


Baker 1985

Runs on Windows, Mac and mobile.


Greek Accents: A Student’s Manual provides everything you need to know about New Testament Greek accents—a subject often slighted or ignored by introductory grammars. Those “grammars which deal with accents scatter their information throughout their pages,” writes the author, “and some of that information I soon discovered to be correct for Attic Greek, but incorrect for the Greek of the New Testament.” Along with a step-by-step presentation of the rules of accenting, illustrated by examples, this manual provides practice exercises and an answer key to aid comprehension.

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Key Features

  • Analyzes New Testament Greek accents
  • Provides rules of Greek accenting
  • Includes exercises and an answer key


  • Background and Preliminary Definitions
  • The General Rules of Accent
  • The Basic Rule for Verbs
  • Contract Verbs
  • The Basic Rule for Nouns; Nouns of the First and Second Declensions
  • Second Declension Neuter Nouns; First Declension Feminine Nouns; The Definite Article
  • First Declension Masculine Nouns; Indeclinable Words
  • Second and First Declension Adjectives
  • Enclitics and Proclitics
  • The Imperfect Indicative Active; Compound Verbs
  • Demonstratives; αὐτός, ἑαυτόν, and ἀλλήλους; Imperfect of εἰμί
  • More Indeclinable Words; Present and Imperfect Indicative Passive
  • The Relative Pronoun; The Present Imperative; More Indeclinable Words
  • First and Second Person Personal Pronouns, Possessive Adjectives, and Reflexive Pronouns; More Indeclinable Words
  • The Present Infinitive; δύναμαι; The Future Active
  • The Verbal Stem; The Middle Voice; The Future of εἰμί
  • The First Aorist Active; The Second Aorist Active
  • Liquid Verbs; More Indeclinable Words
  • First and Second Aorist Middle
  • Third Declension Masculine and Feminine Nouns with Consonant Stems
  • Third Declension Neuter Nouns
  • Third Declension Adjectives; Interrogative and Indefinite Pronouns
  • Third Declension Nouns with Vowel Stems
  • Adjectives and Pronouns of the Third and First Declensions; Numerals
  • Comparison of Adjectives; Adverbs
  • Perfect and Pluperfect
  • Aorist and Future Passives
  • Participles; More Adverbs
  • The Subjunctive Mood
  • The Optative Mood
  • More on Contract Verbs; Verbs in -αω and -οω
  • The -μι Verbs: τίθημι
  • The -μι Verbs: δίδωμι
  • The -μι Verbs: ἵστημι
  • Other -μι Verbs
  • Some New Testament Passages
  • The Next Steps

Praise for the Print Edition

For students who do want to learn accents, this book is a must. It is clearly organized and written, thorough, pedagogically sound, and free of misprints.

Review and Expositor

Supplies the need for major study explaining how accents work. . . . Puts much information together in such a well-packaged form.

Bibliotheca Sacra

[Provides] all the things you ever wanted to know about New Testament Greek accents. . . . Students will find themselves with a more complete knowledge of the original language of the New Testament.

ADRIS Newsletter

Everything is beautifully clear and the many paradigms and examples should make it excellent for learning. . . . The learner is not likely to be left at a loss at any point.

Expository Times

Product Details

  • Title: Greek Accents: A Student’s Manual
  • Author: D. A. Carson
  • Publisher: Baker
  • Publication Date: 1995
  • Pages: 158

D. A. Carson

D. A. Carson is a respected professor, author, and speaker. He is currently a research professor at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, where he has been teaching since 1978. Carson earned an MDiv from Central Baptist Seminary and a PhD in New Testament from Cambridge University. He lectures in academic and church settings around the world.

Carson has written over 50 books, including his popular The Gagging of God: Christianity Confronts Pluralism and Exegetical Fallacies. He has also written commentaries in both The Expositor’s Bible Commentary series and the Pillar New Testament Commentary series.

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