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Critical Essays
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Critical Essays


Geo. H. Ellis 1888

Runs on Windows, Mac and mobile.


This classic text from noted biblical scholar Ezra Abbot contains essays on important topics in textual criticism and New Testament studies. Abbot’s essays include discussions of papyrus production, the comparative antiquity of Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, the pioneering work of Constantine von Tischendorf, and the New Testament verse divisions. Abbot also provides extensive discussion of the most important critical editions of the Greek New Testament, including Buttman, and Westcott and Hort. He also analyzes several of the most important textual issues in the New Testament, such as μονογενηςθεος (unique God) in John 1:18 and the construction of Romans 9:5.

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Check out more classic Textual Studies on the New Testament.

Key Features

  • Contains essays from Ezra Abbot discussing biblical scholarship
  • Analyzes Buttman’s and Westcott and Hort’s Greek New Testaments
  • Examines several key passages in the New Testament


  • The Distinction between αἱτέω and ἐρωτάω
  • Ancient Papyrus and the Mode of Making Paper from It
  • The Comparative Antiquity of the Sinaitic and Vatican Manuscripts of the Greek Bible
  • The Late Professor Tischendorf
  • The Late Dr. Tregelles
  • Gerhard von Mastricht
  • Buttmann’s Greek Testament
  • Westcott and Hort’s Edition of the Greek Testament
  • The New Testament Greek Text
  • The Gospels in the New Revision (three articles)
  • The Reading “Only-Begotten God” in John 1:18
  • The Reading “An Only-Begotten God” or “God Only-Begotten” John 1:18
  • the Text of John 8:44
  • The Reading “Church of God” Acts 20:28
  • The Construction of Romans 9:5
  • Recent Discussions of Romans 9:5
  • Titus 2:13
  • 1 John 5:7 and Luther’s German Bible
  • The Verse Divisions in the New Testament

Product Details

About Ezra Abbot

Ezra Abbot (1819–1884) earned his MA from Bowdoin College in 1843. For fifteen years, Abbot worked as an assistant librarian for Harvard College. In 1871, he was named as a lecturer of New Testament textual criticism, and from 1872 until his death, he served as Bussey Professor of New Testament Criticism and Interpretation at Harvard Divinity School. He is also the author of The Authorship of the Fourth Gospel: External Evidences.

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