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The Earliest Gospel: A Historical Study of the Gospel According to Mark
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The Earliest Gospel: A Historical Study of the Gospel According to Mark


Macmillan and Co., Macmillan Co. 1901

Runs on Windows, Mac and mobile.


Focusing on the philological and historical development of the Book of Mark, Allan Menzies provides comprehensive examination of the text alongside annotation and interpretation. Trying to distill all aspects of the authorship, Menzies thoroughly covers the relationship of Mark in the synoptic gospels, the apologetic nature of the gospel, stylistic attributes, and commentary on the time of transposition.

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Key Features

  • Strives to approach the original facts handed down by Gospel tradition
  • Understands the time in which the Gospel was written and its effect on the text
  • Shows adopted Greek text and points out variants


  • Introduction
    • The Synoptic Problem. The Gospel Not Originally Written
    • Motives of the Formation of the Gospel Tradition. The Gopsels to Be Understood from the Apostolic Age
    • Why the Gospels Appear so Late
    • Absence from the Earliest Christian Writings of Details of the Gospel Ministry
    • Early Christian Theology did not Require the Gospels
    • The Tradition Was Important Practically
    • Aetiological Motive of the Gospel Tradition
    • Devotional Motive
    • Yet the Gospels Are Also Historical
    • State of the Tradition before Mark Wrote. Its Fragmentary Nature
    • Early Collections of Gospel Materials
    • Nature of Mark’s Gospel as Gathered from Itself
    • Absence of Discourses
    • Sources of This Gospel
    • Mark’s Order
    • Progress of Mark’s Narrative
    • He Treats His Materials with Freedom
    • Descriptive Touches. Was the Gospel Written to Be Read at Meetings?
    • The Gospel Is Addressed to Western Readers
    • Aramaisms and Latin Words
    • . . .
  • Text, Version, and Commentary
  • Index of Subjects
  • Index of Passage Referred To

Praise for the Print Edition

An important book, and students of St. Mark will do well to consult it. Dr. Menzies has read and digested the literature of this subject, and has written a fresh and stimulating commentary.

Journal of Theological Studies

This is a useful addition to the available commentaries in English on the second Gospel. He aims to approach as nearly possible to the original facts handed down by tradition and forming the material of the earliest Life of Christ, and at the same time to discover and represent the special interest that were felt by the society in which the tradition was preserved.

The London Quarterly Review

Product Details

  • Title: The Earliest Gospel: A Historical Study of the Gospel According to Mark
  • Author: Allan Menzies
  • Publisher: Macmillan and Co.
  • Publication Date: 1907
  • Pages: 312

About Allan Menzies

Allan Menzies (1845–1916) was professor of Divinity at the University of St. Andrews in Edinburgh, Scotland.