Modern Philosophy Bundle (21 vols.)
by 10 authors George Berkeley, Baruch Spinoza, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, John Locke, René Descartes, Michael R. Grigoni, Charles P. Krauth, von Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Davidson, David M.
39 publishers Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., Open Court, George Bell and Sons, Macmillan and Co., Longman, William Blackwood and Sons, Clarendon Press, M. Walter Dunne, Noet Scholarly Ebooks, Thomas Clark, T. Cadell, T. Egerton, C. and J. Rivington, Simpkin Marshall, J. Richardson, J. Parker, J. and A. Arch, Harvey and Darton, J. Cuthell, J. and W. T. Clarke, J. Mawman, Baynes and Son, Harding and Co., Baldwin and Co., R. Scholey, J. Bohn, J. Collingwood, T. Tegg, G. and W. B. Whittaker, G. Mackie, W. Mason, Hurst, Robinson, and Co., J. Hearne, J. Brumby, S. Prowett, W. Pickering, R. Saunders, Stirling and Slade, J. B. Lippincott Company 1824–2014
The Modern Philosophy Bundle features the core texts of modern Western philosophy in 21 volumes. Revisit Descartes’ cogito, engage Hume’s critique of rationalism, and study Kant’s Copernican turn—arguments and themes that continue to define the trajectory of philosophical thought today. This bundle also includes the Noet Philosophy Presentation Media—timelines and quote slides for use as personal study tools or teaching aids. The bundle comprises three collections:
- Classics in Rationalist Philosophy Collection (5 vols.)
- Classics in Empiricist Philosophy Collection (9 vols.)
- Immanuel Kant Collection (6 vols.)
What is the nature of knowledge? The continental rationalists argued that knowledge does not come primarily through the senses, but through reason. According to Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz, the mind contains innate ideas that are the foundation for, and structure of, knowledge. In order to attain truth, one must apply reason to these innate ideas. In contrast, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume argued that humans can derive knowledge only from sense experience. Known as empiricism, this way of understanding knowledge revolutionized Western philosophy.
Drawing on the thinking of both groups, Kant argued that humans gain knowledge of the external world though experience; however, innate concepts in human reason shape that knowledge, giving it structure and form. This synthesis has had a vast effect on modern philosophy—Kant is known by many as the most influential philosopher since the Greeks.
With works by the rationalists, the empiricists, and the man who drew upon both, this bundle offers a framework for understanding and sharing seventeenth- and eighteenth-century philosophical thought.
- 21 volumes containing the seminal works of modern philosophy
- Introductions, summaries, indexes, and biographical notes by the editors
- Teaching tools and visual aids from Noet Philosophy Presentation Media
- The Method, Meditations, and Philosophy of Descartes by René Descartes
- The Principles of Descartes’ Philosophy by Baruch Spinoza
- The Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza, vol. 1 by Baruch Spinoza
- The Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza, vol. 2 by Baruch Spinoza
- Discourse on Metaphysics, Correspondence with Arnauld, and Monadology by Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
- An Essay concerning Human Understanding, vol. 1 by John Locke
- An Essay concerning Human Understanding, vol. 2 by John Locke
- The Reasonableness of Christianity, as Delivered in the Scriptures by John Locke
- A Treatise concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge by George Berkeley
- Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous by George Berkeley
- A Treatise of Human Nature by David Hume
- An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding by David Hume
- An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals by David Hume
- Dialogues concerning Natural Religion by David Hume
- Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics by Immanuel Kant
- Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Ethics by Immanuel Kant
- The Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant
- The Critique of Practical Reason by Immanuel Kant
- The Critique of Judgment by Immanuel Kant
- Religion within the Boundary of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant
- Noet Philosophy Presentation Media
Noet Philosophy Presentation Media
- Publication Date: 2013
- Title: Modern Philosophy Bundle
- Volumes: 21
- Pages: 7,267
About the Authors
René Descartes (1596–1650) was a mathematician, philosopher, and writer. He is known both as the father of modern philosophy and as the father of analytical geometry. He is best known for his statement “cogito ergo sum” or “I think, therefore, I am.” Following Galileo’s condemnation by the Roman Catholic Church in 1633, Descartes decided to postpone the publication of his Treatise on the World for nearly four years (and even then he separated it into a number of different books). During this time, he carried on an extensive correspondence with Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia. Descartes was invited to Stockholm to tutor Queen Christina of Sweden. He died there of pneumonia and, as a Roman Catholic living in Protestant nation, was buried in a graveyard for unbaptized infants. His remains were later transferred to Paris. Pope Alexander VII placed the works of Descartes on the banned books list in 1663.
Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677) was born in the Jodenbuurt in Amsterdam, Netherlands. His philosophy laid the foundation for the eighteenth-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism. Spinoza grew up in a Portuguese community of Sephardic Jews in Amsterdam. His father was a successful trader. He attended the Keter Torah Yeshiva until he was 17. Leaving the yeshiva early, Spinoza began studying with the freethinker, former Jesuit, and accused atheist Frances van den Enden. Spinoza adopted the Latin name Benedictus de Spinoza, moved in to van den Enden’s house, and began teaching at van den Enden’s school in Amsterdam. During this time, Spinoza associated with Mennonites and a group of anti-clerical Catholics, known as Remonstrants. Following his father’s death in 1654, Spinoza ran the family business with his brother Abraham, leaving after a few years to pursue philosophy. In 1656, Spinoza was expelled from the Jewish community for heresy. Following this expulsion, Spinoza focused on writing, studying and his work as a lens grinder. In 1676, Spinoza completed his primary philosophical work, Ethics. He died in 1677 of lung disease.
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646–1716) was born in Leipzig, Saxony, at the end of the Thirty Years War. His father was a professor of moral philosophy at the University of Leipzig. Leibniz attended the University of Leipzig when he was 15. He earned a BA in philosophy in 1662, at the age of 16, and a master’s in philosophy two years later. He published his first book at the age of 20. In 1676, Leibniz moved to Hanover to work in the court of the Duke of Brunswick. While in the employ of the House of Brunswick, Leibniz developed a system of infinitesimal calculus, which he published in 1684. Leibniz also published works of law, history, philosophy, philology, and theology during that time. In 1708 he was accused by Newton and others of having stolen the calculus from Newton during a trip to London in 1776. Though he was found guilty by the Royal Academy at the time, later mathematicians have exonerated Leibniz. Leibniz died in Hannover in 1716.
John Locke (1632–1704) was born in Wrington, Somerset, to a Puritan family. Many political philosophers consider Locke the father of classical liberalism. One of the first British empiricists, his main works focus on political philosophy and epistemology. He believed that the human mind was blank (tabula rasa) at the beginning of life. One’s experiences “wrote” on this blank paper, creating knowledge. Locke’s theory of knowing (epistemology) is considered by some philosophers to contain the seed of the Western concept of self. His work had a major influence on Voltaire and Rousseau, as well as on many of the founding fathers of the United States. His concept of natural law and the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and property are reflected prominently in the Declaration of Independence.
Bishop George Berkeley (1685–1753) was born in Thomastown, County Killkenny, Ireland, and attended Trinity College in Dublin. He earned an MA in 1707 and a doctorate in divinity in 1721. He taught Greek, Hebrew, and divinity at Trinity College until 1724, when he was appointed Dean of Derry in the Church of Ireland. Berkeley’s brand of empiricism is known as immaterialism (sometimes subjective idealism). Berkeley taught that matter, as an abstract entity, had no existence on its own. Rather, said Berkeley, objects only exist if they are perceived. His motto, “to be is to be perceived,” sums up this philosophy. Berkeley’s empiricism supports the Lockean idea that knowledge relies on observation. It departs from Locke in denying the existence of matter as an abstract entity.
David Hume (1711–1776) was born in Berwickshire, near Edinburgh, in Scotland. Hume was an philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist. Hume’s empiricist philosophy centered on his assertion that the science of man is the basis for all other sciences. In other words, one must understand how the human mind works in order to properly understand other sciences. Hume believed that there was no constant, permanent self. Rather, the self is always the sum of one’s sensations and reflections. Knowledge, likewise, is derived from sensations and reflections on those sensations. Consequently, propositions about objects are semantically equivalent to propositions about one’s experiences. While we can have belief in something that is not directly observable, we cannot have knowledge about that thing.
Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) was born in Königsberg, Prussia, in a Pietist Lutheran family. He attended the University of Königsberg, becoming a lecturer there after graduation. In 1770, he accepted the chair of logic and metaphysics at Königsberg. He published and taught a variety of subjects, but focused on metaphysics and its relationship to physics and mathematics. He was heavily influenced by the writings of Leibniz, Newton, Hume, and Rousseau, drawing on both the empiricist and the rationalist schools. He wrote works of metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, and teleology. His revolutionary contribution to philosophy is his argument that human knowledge of the world comes from sense experience but is shaped by innate structures inherent in human reason.