Products>Mobile Ed: BI352 History of Biblical Interpretation II: Seventeenth Century through the Present (11 hour course - audio)

Mobile Ed: BI352 History of Biblical Interpretation II: Seventeenth Century through the Present (11 hour course - audio)

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In BI352 Dr. Bray examines the foundations of the Old and New Testaments as well as the development of new theological perspectives since the 17th century. He outlines significant trends and major players in biblical criticism and how these relate to the modern scholarly climate. Dr. Bray provides guidance on how to approach Bible study and emphasizes the importance of applying God’s word.

This is the audio only version of BI352 History of Biblical Interpretation II: Seventeenth Century through the Present. To purchase the full course, click here.

Course Outline


  • Introducing the Speaker and the Course

Unit 1: The Beginnings of Critical Method

  • Textus Receptus and Christian Infighting
  • Exploring New Testament Manuscripts
  • Skepticism, Modern Science, and the Historical-Critical Method
  • Beginnings of Biblical Criticism
  • Challenges to Authority, Miracles, Authorship, and Prophecy
  • Neologism and Shifting Philosophies
  • Comparing “Myth” in Philo and the New Testament

Unit 2: Old Testament Criticism: Nineteenth–Twentieth Centuries

  • De Wette and the Reinterpretation of History
  • Reinventing the History and Development of the Old Testament
  • Revival of Confessionalism
  • New Liberalism
  • Identifying Sources of the Documentary Hypothesis
  • Defending Old Testament Narrative and Theology
  • History of Religions School
  • Organizing the Psalms by Genre with the Psalms Explorer
  • Beyond Literary Criticism

Unit 3: Anglo-Saxon Old Testament Scholarship Since 1800

  • Characteristics of British and American Culture and Theology
  • Tracking Major Events and Key Characters with the Timeline
  • Critical Method Makes Inroads
  • Development of Archaeology
  • Divide between Liberal and Conservative

Unit 4: Modern Old Testament Criticism

  • Do We Need the Old Testament?
  • Systematic Theology, Salvation History, and Old Testament Unity
  • Marxist Interpretation and Liberation Theology
  • Current Issues in Old Testament Interpretation
  • Exploring Themes in Apocalyptic Texts

Unit 5: New Testament Criticism: Eighteenth–Twentieth Centuries

  • Skepticism of Reimarus
  • Early Rationalism: Part 1
  • Early Rationalism: Part 2
  • Reactions to David Strauss
  • Ferdinand C. Baur and the Tübingen School
  • Bruno Bauer
  • Later “Lives of Jesus”
  • The Final Phase

Unit 6: Anglo-Saxon New Testament Scholarship Since 1800

  • New Testament Textual Studies and the Cambridge School
  • English Liberalism
  • The Impact of Archaeology
  • English Neoconservatism

Unit 7: Modern New Testament Criticism: Jesus and the Church

  • Form Criticism
  • Redaction Criticism and the New Quest for the Historical Jesus
  • Third Quest for the Historical Jesus
  • New Testament Criticism: Jesus Quests and the Church
  • Paul, Gnosticism, and Personal Redemption
  • Paul, Judaism, and the Law
  • Distinguishing Paul’s Use of “Law” with the Word Sense Tool
  • E. P. Sanders’ Interpretation of Paul and Judaism

Unit 8: Recent Trends in Interpretation

  • Inadequacies of the Historical-Critical Method
  • The New Hermeneutic
  • Making Peace with the Ancient World
  • Literary Criticism
  • Biblical Narrative: Mimesis or History?
  • Sociological Approaches
  • Examples of Sociological Biblical Interpretation
  • Sociological Interpretation to Change Society Today

Unit 9: An Evangelical Approach to Critical Issues

  • Background to Modern Evangelicalism
  • Evangelical Achievements
  • Evangelical Issues: Inspiration
  • Evangelical Issues: Infallibility and Inerrancy
  • Evangelical Issues: Evolving Attitudes toward Inerrancy
  • Evangelical Issues: Validity of Old Testament as Christian Truth
  • Evangelical Strengths and Weaknesses

Unit 10: An Evangelical Approach to Practical Application

  • Ways of Reading the Bible
  • How to Read the Bible to Preach It
  • Reading Is an Art, Preaching a Gift
  • Preaching and Application: Part 1
  • Preaching and Application: Part 2
  • Preaching and Free Interpretation
  • Preaching and the Preacher: Part 1
  • Preaching and the Preacher: Part 2


  • Biblical Interpretation: The Struggle to Understand God

Product Details

  • Title: BI352 History of Biblical Interpretation II: Seventeenth Century through the Present (audio)
  • Instructor: Gerald L. Bray
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Product Type: Logos Mobile Education
  • Resource Type: audio
  • Length: 11 hours
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Gerald Bray

Dr. Gerald Bray is Research Professor of Divinity at Beeson Divinity School in Birmingham, AL, and Distinguished Professor of Theology at Knox Theological Seminary, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

He was born and raised in Montreal, Canada, where he did his undergraduate work at McGill University. He completed his doctoral studies at the Sorbonne in Paris and went on to study theology in Cambridge. In 1978 he was ordained in the Church of England and served a parish in London for two years before going on to teach at Oak Hill College in London. He has been at Beeson since 1993.

Dr. Bray is the editor of the Anglican journal Churchman and has published a number of books, including the award-winning Biblical Interpretation: Past and Present (InterVarsity Press, 1996), Yours Is the Kingdom: A Systematic Theology of the Lord's Prayer(InterVarsity Press, 2007), God Is Love (Crossway, 2012), and his most recent work, God Has Spoken: A History of Christian Theology (Crossway, 2014).

Dr. Bray speaks several languages fluently. He has lived in Germany, Greece, and Russia, and he has taught in several European countries and Australia. He can often be found in one of the archives of the Church of England, researching parts of its history, on which he has also published a number of important works. He is also an avid swimmer and cyclist.


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