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Mobile Ed: Michael Heiser Bundle (10 courses)
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Discover the rich, challenging teaching of Faithlife scholar-in-residence Michael S. Heiser. In this ten-course bundle, you’ll learn the art and science of Bible interpretation and how to grapple with difficult passages. You’ll consider various views of the End Times and get the tools to support what you believe. Discuss reasons and arguments for different perspectives on baptism. Learn terminology, tools, and methods for interpreting Scripture—and explore the process of inspiration as it applies to New Testament manuscripts. Dr. Heiser also covers the Hebrew Bible’s writing, composition, canonicity, and transmission through the ages. You’ll dive into Old Testament theology and discover foundational truths for apologetics and Jewish evangelism. And in TH101 Introducing Bible Doctrine I, Dr. Heiser teams with Ronn Johnson and Carl Sanders to explore what it means to “do theology” and integrate it into Bible study.

BI101 Introducing Biblical Interpretation: Contexts and Resources

  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Video Hours: 5

The Bible is a vast, complex book, and while some of its contents can be understood by a child, much of it requires careful thought. How do we interpret the Bible correctly? Why do biblical scholars disagree on interpretation?

Dr. Mike Heiser introduces students to the science and art of Bible interpretation. The Bible is a book written for us but not to us, so accurate interpretation needs to be informed by the ancient worldview of the biblical writers, their historical circumstances, cultural and religious beliefs of their day, literary genre, and the original languages of the Bible. Learn the necessary tools for accurate and meaningful biblical interpretation.


  • Introducing the Speaker and Course
  • My Task
Unit 1: Obstacles to Interpretation
  • Meaning Is Not Self-Evident
  • Obstacle #1: Presuppositions
  • Obstacle #2: Author
  • Obstacle #3: Reader
  • Obstacle #4: Medium
  • Obstacle #5: Meaning
  • Obstacle #6: Translation
  • Obstacle #7: Precedent
  • Obstacle #8: Context
  • Obstacle #9: Relevance
  • Obstacle #10: Validation
Unit 2: Seeing the Bible in Context
  • Reading Isn’t Seeing
  • Three Biblical Contexts
Unit 3: Worldview Context
  • Introduction to Worldview Context
  • Historical Context
  • Cultural Context
  • Religious Context
  • Tools for Worldview Context
  • Primary Sources
  • Reference Works
  • Academic Monographs
  • Bible Commentaries
  • Devotional or Popular Commentaries
  • Expositional Commentaries
  • Scholarly Commentaries
  • Journal Articles
  • Digital Resources
Unit 4: Literary Context
  • Introduction to Literary Context
  • Genre
  • How Genre Influences Meaning
  • Genre and Structure
Unit 5: Literary Context: Old Testament Genres
  • Old Testament Narratives
  • Genealogies
  • Legal Texts
  • Psalms and Prayers
  • Types of Psalms
  • Psalm Interpretation
  • Wisdom Literature
  • Proverbs
  • Old Testament Prophecy and Apocalyptic
  • Interpreting Prophetic Literature
Unit 6: Literary Context: New Testament Genres
  • New Testament Narrative
  • Gospels
  • Epistles
  • New Testament Hymns
  • Domestic Codes
  • Virtue/Vice Lists
  • New Testament Apocalyptic
Unit 7: Literary Context: Understanding Prophecy
  • Fulfillment
  • Literalism and Single Intent
  • Amos 9 and Acts 15: Part 1
  • Amos 9 and Acts 15: Part 2
  • Sensus Plenior: Part 1
  • Sensus Plenior: Part 2
  • Analogical Fulfillment
  • Typological Fulfillment
Unit 8: Literary Context: Literary Devices
  • Chiasm
  • Gematria
  • Hyperbole
  • Imagery
  • Metaphor
  • Merism
  • Parallelism
Unit 9: Linguistic Context
  • Introduction to Linguistic Context
  • Word Level
  • Working at the Word Level
  • Word-Level Analysis
  • Summary of Three Competencies
Unit 10: Application and Conclusion
  • Individual and Pastoral Application
  • Conclusion to the Course

BI161 Problems in Bible Interpretation: Difficult Passages I

  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Video Hours: 3

Believe it or not, not everything in the Bible can be understood by children; many passages are not even easy to understand for adults. Delve into a number of difficult passages with Dr. Heiser as he introduces key interpretive issues and the problems that are lurking in the background of these verses. He guides you through what needs the most attention and introduces you to several options for interpretation for each passage. Dr. Heiser focuses on the importance of being able to wrap our minds around and navigate through the difficult passages of Scripture, because although they may be challenging, they are still significant for theology. How you understand these verses will have an important ripple effect on the interpretation of other passages you will encounter in the course of your own personal Bible study.


Unit 1: Genesis 1:1-3
  • Why Worth Discussing?
  • Types of Clauses?
  • Clause Functions
  • Introducing Gen 1:1–3
  • Traditional View of Clauses and a Hidden Factor, Alternate View
  • Importance and Ramifications
Unit 2: 1 Samuel 13:1
  • Why Worth Discussing? The Problems Introduced
  • Problems #1 and #2 Discussed
  • Resolution
Unit 3: Exodus 4:21-26
  • Why Worth Discussing?
  • The Context and Why the Confusion?
  • Bridegroom of Blood Phrase
Unit 4: Genesis 9:20-25
  • Why Worth Discussing?
  • Historical Explanations
  • Maternal Incest
Unit 5: Deuteronomy 32:8-9
  • Why Worth Discussing?
  • The Issue: Out of Date Translations
  • The Meaning
Unit 6: John 1:1-2
  • Why John 1:1–2 Is Worth Discussing
  • Explaining the Issue
  • GONG
  • Summary of What We Found
Unit 7: Acts 2:42-46
  • Why Worth Discussing?
  • Modern Perspective
  • Immediate Context
  • Wider Context
Unit 8: 1 Peter 3:14-22
  • Why Worth Discussing?
  • The Passage and Its Difficulties
  • Explanation
  • 1 Enoch, Enoch, and Typology
  • Baptism Element
Unit 9: 1 Corinthians 15:29
  • Why Worth Discussing?
  • Focus of Interpretation
  • Select Proposed Interpretations
Unit 10: Romans 6:1-14
  • Why Worth Discussing?
  • Analysis
  • Practical Note
  • Conclusion

BI162 Problems in Bible Interpretation: Difficult Passages II

  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Video Hours: 3

In Problems in Bible Interpretation: Difficult Passages II (BI162), Dr. Michael Heiser discusses several challenging Scripture passages. He covers some passages that pose ethical problems like God telling Samuel to lie, David asking God to kill his enemies, and Jesus telling His disciples to buy swords or to eat His flesh and drink His blood. He also examines several places where New Testament authors use Old Testament passages.


  • Introducing the Speaker and the Course
Unit 1: 1 Samuel 16:1–5
  • God and Samuel
  • The Problem with 1 Samuel 16:1–5
  • What Is a Lie?
  • Context of the Ninth Commandment
  • Acceptable Uses of Deception
  • Contemporary Application of Ninth Commandment
Unit 2: Ezekiel 1
  • Ezekiel 1: Capturing the Imagination
  • Ezekiel’s Vision of God’s Throne
  • Elements of Ezekiel 1 and Their Context
  • Meaning of Ezekiel 1
Unit 3: Psalm 137:8–9
  • Asking God for Vengeance
  • Understanding Imprecatory Prayer
  • Christian Imprecatory Prayers
Unit 4: 1 Chronicles 21/2 Samuel 24
  • God or Satan?
  • “The Devil” Is in the Grammar
  • Angel of the Lord
  • David as Pharaoh
Unit 5: Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34
  • Jesus’ Use of Psalm 82:6
  • Gods or People?
  • Mortal View #1
  • Mortal View #2
  • Divine View: Part 1
  • Divine View: Part 2
Unit 6: Matthew 2:15
  • Out of Egypt
  • Problems with Hosea 11:1
  • Hosea 11:1 Woven into Fabric of Messianic Prophecy
Unit 7: Matthew 1:23
  • The Virgin Shall Conceive …
  • Context of Isaiah 7:14
  • Why Isaiah 7:14 Is Controversial
  • Hebrew Words for “Virgin”: Part 1
  • Hebrew Words for “Virgin”: Part 2
  • Connecting More Messianic Threads
Unit 8: Matthew 10:34
  • Does Jesus Encourage Violence?
  • Division and Persecution
Unit 9: John 6
  • Eat My Flesh, Drink My Blood
  • Bread as an Analogy
  • Disconnecting John 6
  • Springboard for Further Study

BI171 Problems in Bible Interpretation: Why Do Christians Disagree about End Times?

  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Video Hours: 4

Why do Christians disagree over interpretations of the end times? If you have ever wondered this, or if you are struggling to understand a fellow Christian’s point-of-view, this course will give you the insight you desire. Scripture addressing the end times include a number of difficult passages, which Dr. Heiser unpacks with faithfulness and wisdom. He guides you through assumptions inherent in various interpretations of end-times events and introduces you to several options for interpreting each passage. Dr. Heiser focuses on the importance of being able to understand various points of view and gives you tools to support why you believe what you believe.


Unit 1: Understanding the Kingdom of God
  • Why Do Christians Disagree About End Times?
  • The Nature of the Kingdom of God
  • Introducing the Abrahamic Covenant
  • Conditional or Unconditional Promises
  • The Nature of Salvation for Jews and Gentiles
  • Discussing the Boundaries of the Promised Land
  • The Present or Future Kingdom of God
  • Summarizing the Nature of the Kingdom of God
Unit 2: Rapture or Not?
  • Interpreting the Concept of a “Rapture”
  • End Times Events: The Hermeneutics of Harmonization
  • Distinguishing Between Israel and the Church
  • The Timing of Jesus’s Return
  • Does Scripture Teach a Rapture?
Unit 3: The 70th Week of Daniel
  • Daniel 9 and Premillennialism
  • Reconstructing End Times Chronology
  • Is Jesus “the Anointed One” in Daniel 9?
  • Two Assumptions in Daniel 9
  • Understanding the “Anointed One”
  • Summarizing the 70th Week Issues
Unit 4: Has the Church Replaced Israel?
  • The Church and Israel: End Times Prophecy
  • Who Are the People of God?
  • The Abrahamic Covenant and the Salvation of Israel
  • The Salvation of Israel and the Second Coming
  • Summarizing the Discussion
Unit 5: Literal vs. Nonliteral Interpretation
  • Considering the Interpretation of Prophecy
  • Example of Non-Literal Interpretation
  • A Christological Interpretation of Amos 9
  • Summarizing the Discussion

BI172 Problems in Bible Interpretation: Why Do Christians Disagree about Baptism?

  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Video Hours: 3

In Problems in Bible Interpretation: Why Do Christians Disagree on Baptism? (BI172), Dr. Michael Heiser highlights the fundamental areas of debate concerning an important rite of the church. Then he identifies a common cause for these disagreements—namely, unclear language regarding the relationship between baptism and salvation. He examines three of the most prominent historic confessions of the Reformed tradition in order to understand where the confusion originates from. To help us sort through these issues, Dr. Heiser offers a key hermeneutical principle, which can enable us to better articulate a clear and biblical defense of baptism (infant or adult) as well as justify a particular mode of baptism—whether sprinkling, pouring, or immersion—without violating the purity of the gospel of Jesus.


  • Introducing the Speaker and the Course
Unit 1: Issues Related to the Recipients
  • Reasons for Disagreements
  • Infant Baptism in the Reformed Tradition
  • Problems with the Reformed View of Baptism
  • The Belgic Confession: Part One
  • The Belgic Confession: Part Two
  • The Belgic Confession: Part Three
  • The Heidelberg Catechism: Part One
  • The Heidelberg Catechism: Part Two
  • The Heidelberg Catechism: Part Three
  • The Westminster Confession
Unit 2: Solutions to the Problem of Recipient and Rationale
  • Framing the Discussion in Light of Colossians 2:8–12
  • The Fundamental Question
  • What Circumcision Did Not Accomplish
  • What Circumcision Did Accomplish
  • Membership in the Covenant Community
  • Implications for the Church
Unit 3: Issues Related to the Mode of Baptism
  • Overview of the Argument
  • Other Meanings for Baptizō
  • What’s More Important—Motion or Result?
Unit 4: Application to Controversial Passages
  • The Hermeneutical Key
  • Acts 2:38 and Acts 22:16
  • Course Summary

LA151 Learn to Use Biblical Hebrew with Logos 6

  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser with Joshua R. Westbury
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Video Hours: 12

Using a practical approach, Dr. Michael Heiser shows you how to use biblical Hebrew to become a competent interpreter of the Old Testament. Perform word studies alongside an expert and learn to avoid common mistakes. Learn grammatical terminology used in commentaries and journal articles so you can follow the discussion. Dr. Heiser teaches you the concepts and introduces you to the tools, and then walks you through each step of interpretation.

New content and examples have been added throughout the course, including a revised and expanded word study section, coverage of prepositions and conjunctions, the Aramaic verb system, and more.


  • Introducing the Speaker and the Course
Unit 1: Preliminary Matters
  • Conceptual Introduction
  • Payoff of This Course
  • Reverse Interlinear: Primary Tool
  • Why the Centerpiece?
  • Roadmap for the Course
Unit 2: Tools for Word Studies
  • Some Common Tools
  • Dictionaries and Lexicons
  • Types of Lexicons
  • Theological Lexicons
  • Lexicons’ Use of Strong’sNumbers
  • Lexical Tools That Use Strong’sNumbers
  • Limitations of Strong’sDictionary
Unit 3: English Words and Word Meanings
  • How Do Words “Mean”?
  • Polysemy
  • Contexts
  • Relationships to Other Words
  • Synonyms
  • Antonyms
  • Homographs
  • How Words Don’t “Mean”
  • English Words and Meanings: Summary
Unit 4: Hebrew Words and English Translations
  • Polysemy and Translation
  • One English Word Translating Different Hebrew Words
  • About Hebrew Words
  • Root Fallacy
  • Sound Fallacy
  • Homograph Fallacy
  • Core Meaning Fallacy
  • “Hebrew Thought” versus “Greek Thought” Fallacy
  • Hebrew Words: Summary and Review
Unit 5: Methods for Studying Hebrew Words
  • Previewing the Methods
  • Inadequate versus Sound Methods
  • Gathering Data: Occurrences
  • Gathering Data: Glosses
  • Thinking about the Data
  • Word Distribution
  • Semantic Range
  • Thinking about Distribution
  • Grammar and Syntax
  • Meaning of עַלְמָה (ʿalmâ): Tentative Conclusions
  • Checking Your Conclusions: Loaded Terms
  • Checking Your Conclusions: Metaphorical Sense
  • Word Studies: Summary
Unit 6: Nouns
  • Previewing Morphology, Syntax, and Meaning
  • Nouns: Terms and Concepts
  • Nouns: Gender and Number
  • Nouns: Definiteness and Relationship
  • Construct Relationship: Definition
  • Construct State: Classes
  • Construct Nouns: Intepretive Examples
  • Construct Relationship: Noun and Its Suffix
  • Construct Noun and Suffix: Interpretive Examples
  • Nouns: Appositional Relationship
  • Nouns: Definiteness and the Definite Article
  • Definite Article and Uniqueness: “The River” = “Nile”
  • Definite Article: Uniqueness or Demonstrative Force
  • Definite Article: Species or Class
  • Definite Article: Functioning Like a Relative Pronoun
  • Definite Article: Substitute for Possessive Pronoun
  • Definite Article: Signaling a Vocative
  • Definite Article: Interesting Cases of Presence or Absence
  • Definite Article: Advice and Discovery
Unit 7: Prepositions
  • Previewing Prepositions
  • Preposition אֶל(ʾel)
  • Preposition אֵת(ʾēt)
  • Prepositionבְּ(b): Locative Use
  • Prepositionבְּ(b): Other Uses
  • Preposition בֵּין(bên)
  • Prepositionכְּ(k)
  • Prepositionלְ(l), Part 1
  • Preposition לְ(l), Part 2
  • Preposition לִפְנֵי(lip̄nê)
  • Preposition מִן(min), Part 1
  • Preposition מִן(min), Part 2
  • Preposition עַד(ʿaḏ)
  • Preposition עַל(ʿal), Part 1
  • Preposition עַל(ʿal), Part 2
  • Preposition עִם(ʿim), Part 1
  • Preposition עִם(ʿim), Part 2
  • Prepositions: Summary
  • Focus on Prepositions
Unit 8: Conjunctions
  • Previewing Conjunctions
  • Conjunction אִם(ʾim)
  • Conjunction אֲשֶׁר(ʾăšer)
  • Conjunction כִּי(kî)
  • Conjunctions לוּand לוּלֵא(lûandlûlēʾ)
  • Conjunction לְמַעַן(lĕmaʿan)
  • Conjunction פֶּן(pen)
  • Conjunctions עַל־כֵּןandלָכֵן(ʿal-kēnandlāḵēn)
  • Conjunction וְ(w, waworvav)
  • Conjunctions: Advice and Summary
Unit 9: Verbs: Terminology
  • Previewing Terminology
  • Verbal Tense, Aspect, Voice, and Mood
  • Verbal Types
  • Verbal Person, Gender, and Number
  • Verbal Conjugations
  • Verbal Parsing and Morphology
Unit 10: Verbal Tense, Aspect, and Mood
  • Previewing Verbal Forms and Stems
  • Verbal Tense, Aspect, and Mood: Summary
  • Perfect/Suffixed Conjugation (qātal)
  • Imperfect/Prefixed Conjugation (yiqtōl)
  • Summary of Perfect (qātal) and Imperfect (yiqtōl) Forms
  • Perfect (qātal) and Imperfect (yiqtōl) Forms: Examples
  • Interpreting the Use of Perfect and Imperfect Conjugations
  • Volitional Conjugations
  • Volitional Forms: Discovering Examples
  • Interpreting the Use of Volitional Forms
  • Participles: Functions
  • Participles: Tense, Aspect, and Mood
  • Participles: Discovering Examples
  • Interpreting the Use of Participles
  • Infinitives: Functions
  • Infinitive Constructs: Discovering Examples
  • Interpreting the Use of Infinitive Absolute Constructions
Unit 11: Verbal Stems
  • Introducing Verbal Stems
  • Eight Major Verbal Stems
  • Identifying Verbal Stems and Conjugations
  • Rare Stems and Stems in LHB
  • Verbal Stem Terminology
  • Qal/G Stem
  • Discovering Occurrences of the Qal
  • Qal Passive/Gp Stem
  • Niphal/N Stem
  • Discovering Occurrences of the Niphal
  • Interpreting the Use of the Niphal
  • Piel/D Stem
  • Meaning Nuances of the Piel
  • Discovering Occurrences of the Piel
  • Interpreting the Use of the Piel
  • Pual/Dp Stem
  • Meaning Nuances of the Pual
  • Discovering Occurrences of the Pual
  • Interpreting the Use of the Pual
  • Hitpael/HtD Stem
  • Meaning Nuances of the Hitpael
  • Discovering Occurrences of the Hitpael
  • Interpreting the Use of the Hitpael
  • Hiphil/H Stem
  • Meaning Nuances of the Hiphil
  • Discovering Occurrences of the Hiphil
  • Interpreting the Use of the Hiphil
  • Hophal/Hp Stem
  • Meaning Nuances of the Hophal
  • Discovering Occurrences of the Hophal
  • Interpreting the Use of the Hophal
  • Rare Verbal Stems
  • Verbal Stems: Summary
Unit 12: Verb Changes with VavConjunction
  • Previewing Verb Sequences
  • Wayyiqtōl: Consecutive-Sequential
  • Discovering Occurrences of Wayyiqtōl
  • Wĕqātal: Conjunctive and Sequential
  • Other Verb Chains
Unit 13: Aramaic and Transliteration
  • Interpretive Overlaps with Aramaic
  • Aramaic and Word Studies
  • Aramaic Overlaps and Parallels to Hebrew Stems
  • Hebrew Alphabet and Transliteration: א to ל
  • Hebrew Alphabet and Transliteration: מ to ת
  • Quick Review

Joshua R. Westbury holds an MA and PhD in biblical languages from the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa. He also holds an MDiv with a focus on exegesis and biblical languages from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary and a BA in theology and biblical languages from Houston Baptist University. Josh currently serves as a scholar-in-residence at Faithlife.

NT281 How We Got the New Testament

  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Video Hours: 4

In this course, Dr. Michael Heiser explains the story of how we got the New Testament—he guides you from the process of inspiration to the discovery and transmission of manuscripts. Dr. Heiser describes the role of scribes throughout time and discusses significant Greek New Testament manuscripts upon which modern translations are based. Because most students of the Bible read it in their own language, he also examines translation philosophies and controversies.


  • Introducing the Speaker and the Course
Unit 1: Preliminary Issues
  • What Is the New Testament?
  • The Term “New Testament”
  • Exploring “Covenant” Using the Topic Guide
  • The Scope of the New Testament
  • Number of New Testament Books
  • Order and Structure of New Testament Books
  • Titles of New Testament Books
  • The Authority of the Testaments
  • Creating a Custom Guide to Study 2 Timothy 3:16
  • Road Map for this Course
Unit 2: Inspiration
  • Two Sides to Inspiration
  • Flawed Conception of Inspiration
  • Coherent Conception: Major Verses
  • Coherent Conception: Textual Phenomena
Unit 3: The Composition of the New Testament Books
  • Preview
  • Researching Important Dates with the Timeline Tool
  • The Language of the New Testament
  • Defining “Autograph”
  • Producing Documents in a Graeco-Roman World
  • Understanding Technical Terms
  • Amanuenses
  • Use of External Source Material
  • Exploring Ancient Texts Relevant to the Text of the New Testament
  • Literary Intent and Occasion
Unit 4: Canonical Recognition of the New Testament Books
  • Concept of Canon
  • Early Development
  • The Impact of Canon on Copying and Transmission
Unit 5: Manuscripts of the New Testament
  • The Copying Enterprise
  • The Innovation of the Codex
  • Manuscript Types and Discoveries
  • Papyri
  • Uncials and Sinaiticus
  • Using Textual Apparatuses in Logos
  • Uncials: Alexandrinus
  • Viewing Codex Sinaiticus in Logos
  • Uncials: Vaticanus
  • Uncials: Codex Bezae
  • Minuscules
  • Lectionaries
  • Quotations from the Fathers
  • Searching for New Testament Citations in the Early Church Fathers
  • Early Versions of the New Testament
  • Archaeological Factors in Dating Manuscripts
  • Dating and the Forms of Manuscripts
  • Dating and Paleography
  • Carbon-14 Dating
  • Manuscript Families
  • Alexandrian Family
  • Byzantine Family
Unit 6: The History of the Text’s Transmission
  • The Early Centuries (1st–4th)
  • The Byzantine Era (400–1516)
  • The “Received Text” (1516–1633)
  • Erasmus’ First Edition (1516)
  • Erasmus’ First and Third Editions
  • Later Editions of Erasmus’ Text
  • The Period of Critical Research (1633–1881)
  • Important Scholarly Work
  • Westcott and Hort
  • Positive Reaction to Westcott and Hort
  • Negative Reaction to Westcott and Hort
  • H. von Soden’s Text (1913)
  • Eberhard Nestle (1898–1963)
  • UBS First Edition
  • UBS Third Edition and Nestle-Aland Edition
  • Modern Majority Text Editions
  • SBL Greek New Testament
  • Comparing Major Editions of the Greek New Testament
Unit 7: The Impact of Textual History
  • Pre-20th Century
  • Evaluating Modern Translations
  • The American Standard Version
  • The Revised Standard Version
  • The New American Standard Bible
  • The New International Version
  • The New King James Version
  • The New Revised Standard Version
  • The New English Translation
  • The English Standard Version
Unit 8: Textual Criticism of the New Testament
  • Preview of the Process
  • Determining Variants
  • Gathering Evidence: The Specialist
  • Gathering Evidence: The Nonspecialist
  • Using Digital Tools for Conducting Text-Critical Research
  • Evaluating Evidence: Types of Variants
  • Unintentional Variants: Word Division
  • Unintentional Variants: Letter Confusion
  • Unintentional Variants: Eye Skipping
  • Unintentional Variants: Haplography
  • Unintentional Variants: Dittography
  • Unintentional Variants: Transposition
  • Unintentional Variants: Faulty Hearing
  • Intentional Variants: Clarifying the Text
  • Intentional Variants: Conflation
  • Intentional Variants: Harmonization and Smoothing
  • Evaluating Variants
  • Evaluating Variants: Internal Considerations
  • Evaluating Variants: External Considerations
  • Evaluating Variants: Logical Considerations
  • Investigating the “Johannine Comma” with Various Tools
  • Textual Criticism, Inspiration, and Inerrancy
Unit 9: The “King James Only” Controversy
  • Preview of the Issue
  • The Merit Argument
  • The Providence Argument
  • The Satanic Argument
  • The Heresy Argument
  • A Personal Note
  • Course Summary

OT281 How We Got the Old Testament

  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Video Hours: 5

In this course, ancient-language expert Dr. Michael Heiser gives a thorough background of the Hebrew Bible’s writing, composition, canonicity, and transmission through the ages. This course also surveys text criticism—what are Hebrew scholars today doing with these ancient manuscripts? How does their work affect English translations of the Bible? By understanding criticism, your personal Bible study will be richer, even with little knowledge of the Hebrew language.


  • Introducing the Speaker
  • Introducing the Course
Unit 1: Preliminary Issues
  • The Term “Old Testament”
  • The Scope of the Old Testament
  • The Number of Old Testament Books
  • The Order and Structure of Old Testament Books
  • Titles of Old Testament Books
  • The Authority of the Old Testament
  • A Roadmap for the Course
Unit 2: Inspiration
  • Two Sides to Inspiration
  • A Flawed Conception of Inspiration
  • A Coherent Conception of Inspiration
  • Inspiration Is Not Dictation: Ezekiel
  • Inspiration Is Not Dictation: The Synoptic Gospels
  • Inspiration Is Not Dictation: Borrowed Material
  • Searching Ancient Near Eastern Literature for Old Testament References
  • Inspiration Is Not Dictation: Changing Laws
  • Summary of Inspiration
Unit 3: Scripts and Writing
  • Summary and Preview
  • The Development of Writing
  • Scripts
  • Early Alphabets
  • The Semitic Alphabet
  • Writing Materials
  • Writing Instruments
  • Searching Images for Information on Ancient Writing
Unit 4: The Process of Composition
  • Preview of the Composition Process
  • Oral Tradition
  • Literary Techniques
  • Known Sources
  • Lost Sources
  • Speculative Sources
  • Original Material
  • Collecting Material
  • Editing
  • Inspiration as a Process
  • Inspiration and Inerrancy
Unit 5: Canon and Canonicity
  • The Concept of Canon
  • Complicating Factors for the Canon
  • The Canon through History
Unit 6: Early Transmission of the Hebrew Bible
  • Manuscript Evidence Prior to 1947
  • The Aleppo Codex
  • The Leningrad Codex
  • Exploring the Leningrad Codex
  • The Cairo Genizah
  • Summary of Manuscript Evidence Prior to 1947
  • The Dead Sea Scrolls
  • Textual Evidence from Qumran
  • The Hebrew Bible in the Exile
  • The Old Testament from 586–400 BC
  • A Book in Transition
  • The Old Testament from 400 BC to AD 100
  • The Rise of a Scribal Class
  • The Rise of Multiple Textual Traditions
  • The Local Texts Theory
  • The Masoretic Text in the Local Text Theory
  • The Surviving Texts Theory
  • Scribal Practices at Qumran, Part 1
  • Scribal Practices at Qumran, Part 2
  • Viewing Biblical Dead Sea Scrolls in Logos and Online
Unit 7: A Period of Ancient Translations
  • The Septuagint
  • Comparing the Septuagint and the Hebrew Bible
  • Aramaic Targums
  • Later Translations
  • Creating a Layout of Ancient Translations
Unit 8: The Hebrew Bible from AD 100–1000
  • The Importance of AD 100
  • The Role of the Scribes
  • Scribal Innovations
  • Marking Problems in the Text
  • The Masorah
  • Viewing and Searching for Ketiv-Qere Readings
  • Vocalization System
  • Variation in the Masoretic Tradition
  • Important Manuscripts
Unit 9: The Hebrew Bible since AD 1000
  • Transition to Modern Editions
  • Pre-Reformational Editions of the Old Testament
  • Editions of the Old Testament from the 1500s
  • Editions of the Old Testament from the 18th and 19th Centuries
  • Editions of the Old Testament from the 20th Century
  • Editions of the Old Testament in the 21st Century
Unit 10: Textual Criticism of the Old Testament: Overview
  • Preview of the Process
  • Determining Variants
  • Gathering Evidence: The Specialist
  • Gathering Evidence: The Non-Specialist
  • Examining Textual Variants with the NET Bible
  • Evaluating Evidence
Unit 11: Textual Criticism of the Old Testament: Variant Types
  • Unintentional Variants: Letter Confusion
  • Unintentional Variants: Word Division
  • Unintentional Variants: Vowel Pointing
  • Unintentional Variants: Eye Skipping
  • Unintentional Variants: Haplography
  • Unintentional Variants: Dittography
  • Unintentional Variants: Graphic Transposition
  • Unintentional Variants: Faulty Hearing
  • Intentional Variants
Unit 12: Principles for Evaluating Variants
  • Determining the Best Reading
  • Internal Considerations
  • External Considerations
  • Using Favorites to Collect Key Resources on Textual Criticism
  • An Example
  • Studying a Text Critical Problem in Isaiah 8:11
  • Revisiting Inspiration and Inerrancy
Unit 13: The Hebrew Bible and English Translations
  • English Translations
  • Evaluating English Translations
  • Summary of the Course

OT291 The Jewish Trinity: How the Old Testament Reveals the Christian Godhead

  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Video Hours: 4

In this revealing course, Dr. Michael Heiser illuminates the Old Testament basis for the Christian Godhead. Dr. Heiser, academic editor at Logos Bible Software, reveals how God was cast as more than one person in the Old Testament, and how New Testament writers applied those descriptions to Jesus. Dive into Old Testament theology and powerful descriptions of God, and discover foundational truths for apologetics and Jewish evangelism. Dr. Heiser holds a PhD in Hebrew Bible and Semitic languages, making him an excellent Old Testament guide.


  • Introducing the Speaker and Coruse
Unit 1: How Do I Respond to a Jewish Objection to the Christian Trinity?
  • The Core Beliefs of Judaism
  • Accessing and Using Hebrew Dictionaries
  • The First Problem with Understanding Monotheism
  • Comparing English Translations with the Text Comparison Tool
  • The Second Problem with Understanding Monotheism
  • Searching English Bibles for the Words of Christ
  • Understanding Elohimand the Implications for the Godhead
Unit 2: What Is Yahweh’s Council?
  • The Divine Council in Psalm 82
  • The Role of the Divine Council
  • Using the NET Bible Notes to Find Manuscript Differences
Unit 3: Doesn’t the Old Testament Deny the Existence of Other Gods?
  • No God Besides Yahweh
  • Searching for Different Forms of a Phrase from Isaiah 47:8
  • The Logic of Idolatry in the Ancient World
  • Idols in Psalm 115
  • Idols in 1 Corinthians 8
  • “Elemental Spirits” in Galatians 4
  • Using the BDAG Greek Lexicon to Determine a Word’s Meaning
Unit 4: Aren’t the Host of Heaven Just Celestial Objects Rather Than Actual Beings?
  • The “Host of Heaven” in the Old Testament
  • Summary of Divine Plurality in the Old Testament
Unit 5: What Other Being Was Identified with Yahweh?
  • The Godhead in Ancient Judaism
  • The Biblical Evidence for Two Powers in Heaven
  • The Second Yahweh of the Old Testament
  • Yahweh and the Angel of Yahweh
  • Yahweh and “The Word”
  • Yahweh and the “Cloud Rider”
Unit 6: Did Jews Really Believe in Two Powers?
  • The Jewish Belief in a Second Yahweh Figure
  • Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Exalted Humans
  • Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Important Angels
  • Finding and Understanding Early Jewish Writings
  • Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: The Logos
Unit 7: How Did the New Testament Writers Understand the Second Yahweh Figure?
  • The Second Yahweh and “The Word”
  • The Second Yahweh and “The Angel”
  • The Second Yahweh and “The Name”
  • Finding where “The Name” Refers to God
  • The Second Yahweh and the “Rider on the Clouds”
  • Jesus as the Second Yahweh
Unit 8: How Does the Language of Divine Plurality Relate to Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son?
  • Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son
  • Understanding the Greek Term Monogenēs
  • Using the Bible Word Study to Explore the Meaning of Monogenēs
Unit 9: How Did New Testament Writers Express Belief that Jesus Was Unique among the Sons of God?
  • Review of Divine Plurality in Psalm 82
  • Jesus’ Quotation of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34
  • Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part One)
  • Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part Two)
  • Creating Collections of Commentaries to Study Psalm 82
  • Understanding Jesus’ Use of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34
Unit 10: Can Seeds of a Christian Trinity Be Found in the Old Testament?
  • Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Isaiah 63 and Psalm 78
  • Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Ezekiel 8
  • New Testament Use of Old Testament Godhead Language
  • Summary of Old Testament Godhead Language
Unit 11: How Does an Old Testament Godhead Address the Claims of other Religions?
  • The Old Testament Godhead and Jehovah’s Witnesses
  • The Old Testament Godhead and Mormonism
  • The Old Testament Godhead and Academic Skepticism
  • The Old Testament Godhead and Jewish Evangelism
  • Summary of the Course

TH101 Introducing Bible Doctrine I: Theology, Divine Revelation, and the Bible

  • Instructors: Michael S. Heiser, Ronn Johnson, and Carl Sanders
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Video Hours: 6

Learn what it means to “do theology” and how scholars and students integrate it into Bible study. This course introduces students to why systematic theology is important and what “doing theology” means. Drs. Ronn Johnson, Carl Sanders, and Mike Heiser challenge students to think about the roles of divine revelation, the Bible, Christian tradition, logic, and philosophy in articulating doctrine. Examine major topics, essential ideas, doctrinal issues and disagreements, and more.


Unit 1: Prolegomena: What Is Theology?
  • The Starting Point of Theology
  • Types of Theology and Their Starting Points
  • What Is Evangelical Theology?
  • Looking Up Theological Terms in Logos
  • The Sources and Resources of Theology
  • Quiz – Unit 1
Unit 2: Why Theology? The Tasks and Limits of Theology
  • Why Theology?
  • The Importance of Theology
  • The Tasks and Limitations of Theology
  • Objections to Theology
  • Quiz – Unit 2
Unit 3: Tradition and Theology
  • Tradition Under Suspicion
  • Three Approaches to Tradition
  • Why Should We Value Tradition?
  • Creating a Collection for Creeds and Catechisms
  • Quiz – Unit 3
Unit 4: Theological Method: Introductory Suggestions
  • Doing Theology: The Simple Way
  • Using a Passage List to Study a Topic or Theme
  • Millard Erickson’s Theological Method
  • How to Do Theology
  • Using Logos Documents and Favorites to Organize Research
  • How to Organize a System
  • Theological Language
  • Quiz – Unit 4
Unit 5: Biblical and Systematic Theology
  • Introduction and History
  • Biblical Theology Defined
  • Systematic Theology Defined
  • Biblical or Systematic Theology? An Example
  • Quiz – Unit 5
Unit 6: Spiritual Preparation
  • The Intellectual Virtues and Theology
  • Preparation: Intellectual Virtue
  • Virtue Epistemology
  • Conclusion
  • Quiz – Unit 6
Unit 7: Postmodernism and Theology
  • Postmodernism
  • The Rise of Postmodernism
  • Responding to Radical Postmodernism
  • Quiz – Unit 7
  • Midterm Exam
Unit 8: The Doctrine of Revelation
  • Introduction to the Doctrine of Revelation
  • How Has God Spoken? Part 1
  • How Has God Spoken? Part 2
  • Is Revelation Moral?
  • What Are Our Challenges?
  • How Is the Bible Revelation?
  • Quiz – Unit 8
Unit 9: The Doctrine of Inspiration
  • Three Areas of Discussion
  • Inspiration: Misconceptions
  • Phenomena of the Text: Historical Record
  • Phenomena of the Text: Editing
  • Phenomena of the Text: Author’s Agendas/Memory
  • Finding Different Gospel Harmonies
  • Phenomena of the Text: Sources
  • Phenomena of the Text: Borrowed Material
  • Phenomena of the Text: Changing Content
  • Phenomena of the Text: Cultural Markers
  • Searching for Passages and Topics
  • Phenomena of the Text: Literary Structures
  • Highlighting Old Testament Genres with AFAT
  • Phenomena of the Text: Incomplete Content
  • Phenomena of the Text: Ancient Content
  • Understanding Original Language Words with Logos Guides and Tools
  • Phenomena of the Text: Offensive Content
  • Biblical Data for Inspiration
  • Using a Collection of Systematic Theologies to Define Inspiration
  • Applying the Data: Historical Record
  • Applying the Data: Editing
  • Applying the Data: Author’s Agendas/Memory
  • Applying the Data: Sources
  • Applying the Data: Borrowed Material
  • Applying the Data: Changing Content
  • Applying the Data: Cultural Markers
  • Applying the Data: Literary Structures
  • Applying the Data: Incomplete Content
  • Applying the Data: Ancient Content
  • Applying the Data: Offensive Content
  • Summary of the Doctrine of Inspiration
  • Quiz – Unit 9
Unit 10: Doctrine of the Bible: Inerrancy
  • Assumptions and Definitions
  • Researching Nonbiblical Topics in Logos
  • Difficulty of Definition
  • Four Important Areas to Understand
  • Transmission and Translation
  • Quiz – Unit 10
Unit 11: Doctrine of the Bible: Canon and Canonicity
  • Terminology and Orientation
  • Old Testament Canon
  • New Testament Canon
  • Concluding Thoughts on Canon
  • Quiz – Unit 11
  • Final Exam

Dr. Carl Sanders is an associate professor of theology at Lancaster Bible College’s Capital Bible Seminary. He has taught at college and seminary levels since 1999 at several schools: Bethel University (St. Paul, Minnesota), Northwestern College (St. Paul, Minnesota), and Washington Bible College in Washington, DC, where he also served as chair of the Bible and theology department (2003–2012).

Dr. Sanders is well liked by his students for his down-to-earth presentation of Bible doctrine. Students quickly learn that he enjoys talking about theology and has a quick wit. Among his strengths as a lecturer are his ability to distill information to essential elements, as well as his good-natured way of fairly explaining differences in theological positions. Dr. Sanders has a keen interest in urban ministry and has served for many years in racially diverse urban congregations. His interest in local-church experience helps him practice theology in ways that reflect the diversity present in the body of Christ. He strives to make theology interesting and practical.

Dr. Ronn Johnson, lecturer in biblical studies at the University of Northwestern St. Paul, Minnesota, has been the senior pastor at his church, Coon Rapids Evangelical Free, since 2006. He previously taught in the Bible departments at Pillsbury Baptist Bible College (1991–1994) and The Master’s College (1994–1996).

Dr. Johnson is well known by his students for demanding that they think about what they believe instead of being passive listeners. His approach is the opposite of proof-texting—simply quoting Bible verses without consideration of what they might mean in context. His goal is to drive home the point that the Bible is more than a collection of verses to be memorized and thrown into play—it’s a message from God that had a clear, coherent purpose that we need to hear without imposing our own traditions on the text. That approach of loyalty to the Bible above all else comes through in his Mobile Ed sessions on Bible doctrine.

He and his wife, Susan, have three teenage children. His pastimes include reading and giving too much attention to Kirby, the family dog.

Product Details

Getting the most out of Mobile Ed

Logos Mobile Education is a highly effective cross-platform learning environment that integrates world class teaching with the powerful study tools and theological libraries available in Logos Bible Software. Every course provides links to additional resources and suggested readings that supplement the lecture material at the end of every transcript segment.

All courses in this bundle come with an Activities resource that functions as a type of “workbook” for the courses. This resource includes learning activities such as: places for you to respond to reflection questions, exercises that will challenge and show you how deepen your understanding of this course by using specific Logos tools and resources, tutorial videos on different features of Logos Bible Software, and links to relevant Logos guides and tools. A link to open the Activities resource is conveniently placed at the end of every segment.

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael S. Heiser is a Scholar-in-Residence for Faithlife Corporation, the makers of Logos Bible Software. His varied academic background enables him to operate in the realm of critical scholarship and the wider Christian community. His experience in teaching at the undergraduate level and writing for the layperson both directly contribute to Logos’ goal of adapting scholarly tools for nonspecialists.

Dr. Heiser earned his PhD in Hebrew Bible and Semitic languages and holds and MA in ancient history and Hebrew studies. He is the coeditor of Old Testament Greek Pseudepigrapha with Morphology and Semitic Inscriptions: Analyzed Texts and English Translations, and can do translation work in roughly a dozen ancient languages, including Biblical Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic, Egyptian hieroglyphs, and Ugaritic cuneiform. He also specializes in Israelite religion (especially Israel’s divine council), contextualizing biblical theology with Israelite and ancient Near Eastern religion, Jewish binitarianism, biblical languages, ancient Semitic languages, textual criticism, comparative philology, and Second Temple period Jewish literature. In addition, he was named the 2007 Pacific Northwest Regional Scholar by the Society of Biblical Literature.

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