Cyril of Alexandria was a theologian, bishop, Church Father, and Doctor of the Church. Although his reputation is marked with controversy, Cyril is most remembered for his intelligent writing, his strong condemnation of heresy, and the Nestorian Schism. The dispute between Cyril and Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, over different Christological views was decided in favor of Cyril at the First Council of Ephesus in 431 and the Council of Chalcedon in 451. Churches supporting Nestorius' teachings split from the Orthodox church, forming their own denominations. Although this era was a tumultuous time for the Church, Cyril produced many theological works of notable achievement, including the Five Tomes against Nestorius.
The Works of St. Cyril of Alexandria (6 vols.) contains Cyril of Alexandria's major writings translated into English, including his two-volume commentary on Luke and his two-volume commentary on the Gospel of John. Also included is The Three Epistles of S. Cyril, Scholia on the Incarnation, That Christ is One by way of Dispute with Hermias, and more.
Known as the "Pillar of Faith," Cyril of Alexandria's writings provide important witness to the development of Christian thought during the late 4th and early 5th centuries. With the Logos Bible Software edition all Scripture passages in the Works of St. Cyril of Alexandria (6 vols.) are tagged and appear on mouse-over. This makes these resources more powerful and easier to access than ever before for scholarly work or personal Bible study. With the advanced search features of Logos Bible Software, you can perform powerful searches by topic or scripture reference—finding, for example, every mention of “Theotokos,” or “anathema.”
Cyril of Alexandria was the Patriarch of Alexandria from 412 to 444. His uncle, Pope Theophilus of Alexandria, was Patriarch of Alexandria from 385 to 412. Cyril was well educated, wrote extensively, and was a leading figure in the First Council of Ephesus in 431, the third ecumenical council of the early Christian Church. The council convened amid disputes over the teachings of Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, and Cyril led the charges of heresy against Nestorius. Nestorius' teachings were condemned by the council, leading to the formation of separate denominations that broke from the Orthodox church.
Cyril of Alexandria is venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, Anglican Church, and Lutheran Church.