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God, Freedom, and Evil
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God, Freedom, and Evil


Eerdmans 1977

Runs on Windows, Mac and mobile.


In his discussion of natural theology (arguments to prove the existence of God) and natural atheology (arguments for the falsehood of theistic belief) Plantinga focuses on two of the traditional arguments: the ontological argument as an example of natural theology, and the problem of evil as the most important representative of natural atheology. Accessible to serious general readers.

In the Logos edition, this volume is enhanced by amazing functionality. Important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Perform powerful searches to find exactly what you’re looking for. Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

Don’t forget Alvin Plantinga’s Knowledge and Christian Belief.

Key Features

  • Presents a now classic argument for belief in a good God despite the existence of evil
  • Counters arguments that question God’s goodness while permitting evil
  • Addresses human freedom and sin in relation to God’s providence and goodness


  • The Question: Does God Permit Evil?
  • Does the Theist Contradict Himself?
  • Can we Show that There is No Inconsistency Here?
  • The Freewill Defence
  • Was it Within God’s Power to Create Any Possible World He Pleased?
  • Could God Have Created a World Containing Moral Good but No Moral Evil
  • Transworld Depravity and Essence
  • The Freewill Defence Vindicated
  • Is God’s Existence Compatible with the Amount of Moral Evil the World Contains?
  • Is God’s Existence Compatible with Natural Evil?
  • The Cosmological Argument
  • The Teleological Argument
  • The Ontological Argument

Praise for the Print Edition

A classic work in the philosophy of religion, Plantinga's God, Freedom, and Evil is the single most influential text on the problem of evil in the past fifty years.

—Kevin Timpe, professor, University of San Diego

A witty and logical introduction to the groundbreaking work of Alvin Plantinga, who has done more than anyone else to restore in analytic circles the respectability of belief in God.

—Harry Gensler, professor, John Carroll University

Alvin Plantinga is one of the top Christian philosophers in the world today. He is well known in Christian and secular philosophical circles for his logical skills, his rigorous arguments, and his energetic defense of full-blooded Christianity. This book covers some of the same ground as his more technical The Nature of Necessity, but unlike most of Plantinga’s works, it is aimed at the general reader. . . Students can understand this book; they must only be willing to think as hard as they read.

—Stephen T. Davis, professor, Claremont McKenna College

Product Details

About Alvin Plantinga

Alvin Plantinga is John A. O’Brien Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame. His other books include Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism and Warranted Christian Belief.

Sample Pages from the Print Edition

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