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Mobile Ed: BI190 The Use of the Old Testament in the New Testament: Methodology and Practice (5 hour course)

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In this course, Dr. Jeannine Brown shows how we can better understand what the New Testament writers were communicating, by looking at how they referenced the Old Testament. Dr. Brown begins by explaining why New Testament writers referenced the Old Testament, and the four ways in which they did so. She then walks through references in Matthew, John, Philippians, and 1 Peter.

See how Jesus is portrayed as the new Adam in John’s Gospel. Discover connections between Jesus’ teaching and the stories of Cain and Abel, Noah, Sodom, and others. Learn new methods for interpreting Scripture, and come away with a fuller picture of how Jesus fulfills the hopes of the Old Testament and completes the story God began with Israel.



  • Introducing the Speaker and the Course

Unit 1: The Old in the New

  • Overview
  • The Old Testament in the Gospel of John
  • Comparing Texts: Ezekiel 34 and John 10
  • Proof Texts from the Old Testament
  • A Journey through Hosea 11 to Matthew 2

Unit 2: First-Century Interpretive Traditions

  • Catena: A Connected Series of Related Texts
  • Jewish Interpretive Practice: Four Categories
  • Why Use the Old Testament?
  • Using Timelines and Layouts to Study the Septuagint
  • How New Testament Authors Use Old Testament Texts: Part 1
  • How New Testament Authors Use Old Testament Texts: Part 2
  • How New Testament Authors Use Old Testament Texts: Part 3

Unit 3: Kinds of Old Testament References in the New Testament

  • Citations: Focus on Galatians 3:8
  • Citations: Focus on Matthew
  • Searching for Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament
  • Allusions: Focus on Matthew 18:21–22
  • Searching for Old Testament Allusions in the New Testament
  • Echoes: Focus on John 20:15–16
  • Storied Echoes: Type Scenes
  • Storied Echoes: Old Testament Characters in the New Testament
  • The Septuagint’s Role in Making Connections
  • Premises and Methods of Old Testament Usage in the New Testament: Part 1
  • Premises and Methods of Old Testament Usage in the New Testament: Part 2

Unit 4: Christological Lenses in the New Testament

  • A Focus on the Righteous Sufferer
  • A Focus on the Servant of Yahweh
  • A Focus on the Representative of Israel/Humanity
  • A Focus on the Priest
  • A Focus on the Davidic King
  • A Focus on the Prophet
  • Review and Introduction

Unit 5: The Old Testament in Philippians

  • Background to Philippians
  • Investigating Graeco-Roman Context: Aretē
  • Isaiah in Philippians
  • Exodus, Deuteronomy, and Daniel in Philippians

Unit 6: The Old Testament in Matthew

  • Background to Matthew
  • Genesis 1:27, 2:24 in Matthew
  • Cain and Abel in Matthew 5
  • Cain and Abel in Matthew 18
  • Cain and Abel in Matthew 23
  • Finding Theological Meaning in the Septuagint: Genesis 4:3–5
  • Isaac in Matthew
  • Matthew’s Use of People and Places from Genesis
  • Genealogy Connections in Matthew
  • Sodom and Gomorrah in Matthew
  • Using Passage Lists and Merging: Sodom and Gomorrah
  • The Land of Canaan in Matthew
  • Review of Old Testament Usage in Matthew

Unit 7: The Old Testament in John

  • Background to John
  • Renewal of Creation in John
  • Searching Louw-Nida and Ancient Literature: Logosin John 1:1
  • The Motif of Life in John
  • Genesis Allusions in John 18–20
  • Jesus as New Adam in John
  • Comparing Translations of the Hebrew and the LXX: “Adam” and “Man”
  • Jesus Breathes Life

Unit 8: The Old Testament in 1 Peter

  • Background to 1 Peter
  • The Sojourner/Exile Theme in 1 Peter
  • Old Testament Calls to Holiness in 1 Peter
  • The History of Interpretation: A Royal Priesthood
  • Psalm 34 as a Metatext for 1 Peter
  • Psalm 34 Themes in 1 Peter


  • The Old Testament: Indispensable to the New
  • Title: BI190 The Use of the Old Testament in the New Testament: Methodology and Practice
  • Instructor: Jeannine K. Brown
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Product Type: Logos Mobile Education
  • Resource Type: Courseware, including transcripts, audio, and video resources
  • Courses: 1
  • Video Hours: 5
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Dr. Jeannine K. Brown has taught at Bethel Seminary for nearly two decades in the areas of New Testament, hermeneutics, and integration. Her books include Scripture as Communication: Introducing Biblical Hermeneutics, Becoming Whole and Holy: An Integrative Conversation about Christian Formation, and the forthcoming volume on Matthew in the Teach the Text Commentary series. She’s also associate editor of the Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, 2nd ed..


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Logos Mobile Education is a highly effective cross-platform learning environment that integrates world class teaching with the powerful study tools and theological libraries available in Logos Bible Software. Every course provides links to additional resources and suggested readings that supplement the lecture material at the end of every transcript segment.

This course was produced with screencast videos. These videos provide tutorials showing you how to use Logos Bible Software in ways that are tied directly into the content of the course. We are now producing Activities resources as a replacement for screencast videos. We plan on updating this course to include this additional Activities resource in the future for no extra charge.



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