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Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT) (15 vols.)
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Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT) (15 vols.)

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Eerdmans 1977–2012

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Overview

The Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT) is one of the most extensive and important works on the Old Testament ever produced. A requirement for sound scholarship on the Hebrew Bible, it remains as fundamental to Old Testament studies as its New Testament counterpart Theological Dictionary of the New Testament (TDNT) does to New Testament studies.

Beginning with 'ābh ('āb), “father,” and continuing all the way through the Hebrew alphabet, TDOT provides extensive research and analysis of every Hebrew and Aramaic word group in the Old Testament. Leading scholars from a variety of Christian traditions and all across the globe contributed articles on individual words that explain the word’s semantic range, present its morphology, and identify its meaning in the Old Testament. Contributors employ philology as well as form-critical and traditio-historical methods to provide explanation for religious statements found in the original Hebrew.

To avoid artificially restricting the focus of the articles, TDOT considers larger groups of words that are related linguistically or semantically. Lexical work includes detailed surveys of a word’s occurrences, not only in biblical material but also in other ancient Near Eastern writings. Sumerian, Akkadian, Egyptian, Ethiopic, Ugaritic, and Northwest Semitic sources receive detailed attention, as do Qumran’s texts and the Septuagint.

In the Logos editions, these volumes are enhanced by amazing functionality. Important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Perform powerful searches to find exactly what you’re looking for. Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

Don’t forget TDOT’s New Testament counterpart: Theological Dictionary of the New Testament.

Key Features

  • Provides extensive research and analysis on every major word group in Aramaic and Hebrew in the Old Testament
  • Documents semantical range, philology, morphology using form-critical and historical-critical methods
  • Includes analysis of other ancient Near East texts including Qumran’s texts as well as the LXX

Praise for the Print Edition

Provides a much-needed resource into the language of the Old Testament, particularly as it relates to the ancient Near East . . . A must for any serious student of the Old Testament.

—Southwestern Journal of Theology

Product Details

Individual Titles

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 1

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Edition: Revised
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Pages: 501

Volume 1 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament introduces this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from 'ābh to bādhādh, the included articles contain thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages.

The Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament is a monumental contribution to the study of the Old Testament, and very highly recommended. No library can afford to be without it.

Hebrew Studies

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 2

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Edition: Revised
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 1975
  • Pages: 508

Volume 2 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament contributes to this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from bdl to gālāh, its articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages.

Students of the Bible have cause for rejoicing as each volume of this scholarly work appears . . . This ‘theological dictionary’ focuses on the etymology of Hebrew terms, then explores their cultural and historical contexts, finally suggesting their importance in a theological framework without espousing a particular denominational bias.

—American Reference Books Annual

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 3

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Pages: 483

Volume 3 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament expands the scope of this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from gillûlîm to hāras, these 57 articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages.

[TDOT] amasses a great deal of useful information (including bibliography) on the words dealt with, which most scholars would find difficult to ferret out on their own. . . Clearly, no serious exegete of the Old Testament should overlook it.

Journal of the American Academy of Religion

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 4

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 1981
  • Pages: 513

Volume 4 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament expands the scope of this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from ze'eb to hms, these articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages.

An important and interesting scholastic tool, essential for any library that serves serious Bible students, theological scholars, church-school teachers, pastors, or interested laypeople.

Choice

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 5

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 1986
  • Pages: 543

Volume 5 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament ranges from hmr to YHWH. These articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages.

A tool that no Bible student can afford to ignore; it takes its place alongside Kittel as a classic reference work.

Christianity Today

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 6

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 1990
  • Pages: 513

Volume 6 ranges from yobel to yatar. These articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages.

This series will long remain a classic work, a storehouse of information, well-organized and carefully judged and nuanced. Every major biblical library should possess it.

The Bible Today

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 7

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Pages: 581

Volume 7 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament expands the scope of this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from ke to *lys, these 75 articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages.

Serious students of the Hebrew Bible will find this dictionary a valuable resource.

Journal of Biblical Literature

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 8

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Pages: 584

Volume 8 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament expands the scope of this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from lakad to mor, articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages.

This is the standard reference tool in OT studies for in–depth word studies, and it undoubtedly will remain so for decades. It is well conceived and well executed in the main. . . For its scope, depth and erudition, TDOT remains indispensable for any in–depth study of Hebrew words and world fields

Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 9

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Pages: 589

Volume 9 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testamentexpands the scope of this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from marad to naqa, these articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages.

An excellent instrument of work for professors, pastors, preachers, and students. There is nothing currently available that gives the non–technical reader valuable insights into the meanings of such words of the Hebrew Bibles such as this dictionary.

Catholic Library World

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 10

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Pages: 616

Volume 10 of the Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament expands the scope of this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from naqam to 'azab, these articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages.

An extremely rich resource for the discerning student, particularly for those who have invested deeply in learning the languages and historical/social realities of a world very different from ours. Our reverence for Holy Scripture demands that we use the finest tools available, and this is among them, not cheap but of such quality that is will be used much more often than many less expensive resources.

Concordia Journal

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 11

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Pages: 639

Ranging from 'zz to pānîm, these eighty-three articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages. Each article is fully annotated and contains an extensive bibliography with cross-references to the entire series.

Once again, David Green, the translator of the Theologisches Wörterbuch, has demonstrated his skill in producing a readable version of very technical texts on more that 80 Hebrew words of the OT. . . This is one of the indispensable scholarly resources on the Bible produced by twentieth-century scholarship.

—Internationale Zeitschriftenshau für Bibelwissenshaft und Grenzgebiete

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 12

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Pages: 638

Volume 12 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament expands the scope of this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from pāsah, pesah to qûm, these eighty-six articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages. Each article is fully annotated and contains an extensive bibliography with cross-references to the entire series.

An invaluable series.

The Bible Today

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 13

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT))
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Pages: 677

Ranging from qôs to rōqîa', these eighty-eight articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extracanonical usages.

Highly recommended for all libraries in religion, theology, and biblical studies.

Religious Studies Review

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 14

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Pages: 726

Volume 14 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament expands the scope of this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from rāša' to sākan, these seventy-seven articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extracanonical usages. Each article is fully annotated and contains an extensive bibliography with cross-references to the entire series.

This is a very useful, indeed indispensable series which embodies the essence of twentieth-century OT scholarship.

—Internationale Zeitschriftenschau für Bibelwissenschaft und Grenzgebiete (IZBG)

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 15

  • Editors: G. Johannes Botterweck, Heinz–Josef Fabry, and Helmer Ringgren
  • Translators: David E. Green and Douglas W. Stott
  • Series: Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Pages: 821

Volume 15 of the highly respected Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament expands the scope of this fundamental reference tool for biblical studies. Ranging from sakar to tarsis, articles include thorough etymological analysis of the Hebrew roots and their derivatives within the context of Semitic and cognate languages, diachronically considered, as well as Septuagint, New Testament, and extra–canonical usages. Each article is fully annotated and contains an extensive bibliography with cross-references to the entire series.

The thorough articles, well written by known scholars, will be significant to both scholars and sophisticated laypersons.

American Reference Books Annual

About the Editors

G. Johannes Botterweck (1917–1981) was a twentieth-century German theologian who focused on Old Testament theology and language studies while teaching at Tübingen and the University of Bonn.

Heinz–Josef Fabry (b. 1944) completed and coedited TDOT, taking over after Botterweck’s death in 1981. Fabry also serves as a Hebraist faculty member at Bonn University.

Helmer Ringgren (1917–2012) was a Swedish theologian who taught comparative religion at Abo Akademi University and Old Testament exegesis at Uppsala Univeristy and also coedited the TDOT.

Sample Pages from the Print Edition