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Lexham Bible Dictionary

Digital Logos Edition

Logos Editions are fully connected to your library and Bible study tools.


The Most Advanced Bible Dictionary

Get the most advanced Bible dictionary in existence. The Lexham Bible Dictionary spans more than 7,000 articles and 4.5 million words, with contributions from over 700 top scholars from around the world. Designed as a digital resource, finding the right information is made easy. The LBD is engaged with the best and most recent scholarship and committed to the authority of the Bible. We believe that a resource uniting scholarship and faith makes God’s Word more approachable and more understandable—all for the sake of Christ’s gospel reaching more people.

The Lexham Bible Dictionary is an academic resource—but we made it accessible for everyone. In print, it would take up thousands of pages in multiple large volumes, but you can easily carry this digital format anywhere on a tablet or other mobile device. Many of our readers even use it for quick reference during Sunday-morning services. Because we wanted this dictionary to supplement the biblical text, we placed the most relevant information at the top of each article. This makes it a great tool for Bible studies, Sunday school classes, small groups, and of course your own personal study.

Articles are divided into specific subjects, making the entire dictionary more useable. You get the information you need, when you need it. Hand-curated links between articles aid your research, helping you naturally move through related topics. The Lexham Bible Dictionary will answer your questions as they arise and expand your knowledge of the Bible.

Key Features

  • More than 7,000 articles
  • Over 4.5 million words
  • Contributions from over 700 premier Bible scholars from around the world
  • Academic content made accessible for everyone
  • Complete integration into Logos Bible Software for easy and thorough research

Praise for Lexham Bible Dictionary

The Lexham Bible Dictionary is an amazing accomplishment! Inclusive in depth and breadth, balanced in judgment, eclectic in method and orientation, bibliographically rich ... and solid, solid content. This will be a useful and go-to dictionary for a generation.

—Scot McKnight, Julius R. Mantey Professor of New Testament, Northern Seminary

The Lexham Bible Dictionary is an innovative and comprehensive guide to the Bible and related topics in biblical studies written by some of the field’s foremost scholars. Its consistent format, excellent content, links to related articles, and extensive bibliography make it an essential resource for students, pastors, and anyone wishing a thorough and reliable introduction to biblical studies.

—Karen H. Jobes, Gerald F. Hawthorne Professor of New Testament Greek and Exegesis, Wheaton College and Graduate School

Top Highlights

“holiness as ‘membership or belonging to the divine” (source)

“Socoh, Son of Heber (שׂוֹכֹה‎, sokhoh). A descendant of Judah through Heber (1 Chr 4:18).” (source)

“Image of God A phrase found several times in the book of Genesis (Gen 1:7–27; 5:1–3; 9:6). Distinguishes humankind from the animal and plant kingdoms. Elevates humankind above all terrestrial created things so as to exercise benevolent and ethical stewardship over creation. Image of God language is found in the New Testament as part of the Christian’s responsibility to imitate Christ, who is the image(r) of God par excellence.” (source)

“Faith (πίστις, pistis). Reliance upon and trust in God; a central emphasis of Christianity.” (source)

“When the superior party alone swears the oath, a ‘grant’ covenant results.” (source)

Some of Our Contributors

  • Emanuel Tov, PhD, J. L. Magnes Professor of Bible Emeritus, Hebrew University, and Editor in Chief of the Dead Sea Scrolls Publication Project
  • Mark Goodacre, PhD, Associate Professor, Duke University, Editor of NTGateway.com, and Editor of Library of New Testament Studies
  • Leonard Greenspoon, PhD, Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Studies and of Theology, Klutznick Chair in Jewish Civilization, Creighton University, and Editor of The FORUM (Society of Biblical Literature)
  • Daniel B. Wallace, PhD, Professor of New Testament Studies, Dallas Theological Seminary, and Executive Director, Center for Study of New Testament Manuscripts
  • David C. Parker, ThD, Edward Cadbury Professor of Theology, University of Birmingham, and Director of the Centre for the Editing of Texts in Religion
  • Walter C. Kaiser Jr, PhD, President Emeritus and Distinguished Professor of Old Testament and Ethics, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
  • Michael S. Heiser, PhD, Academic Editor, Logos Bible Software, and Academic Editor of Bible Study Magazine
  • Gary Yates, PhD, Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary and Graduate School
  • Nijay Gupta, PhD, Instructor of Biblical Studies, Seattle Pacific University
  • Patrick Hartin, Two Doctorates, Ordained Priest, Professor of Religious Studies, Gonzaga University
  • David T. Lamb, DPhil, Associate Professor of Old Testament, Biblical Seminary
  • David M. May, PhD, Professor of New Testament, Central Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Steven Runge, DLitt, Scholar-in-Residence, Logos Bible Software
  • Scott Hahn, PhD, Professor of Theology and Scripture, Franciscan University of Steubenville, Founder and Director of the Saint Paul Center for Biblical Theology, Pope Benedict XVI Chair of Biblical Theology and Liturgical Proclamation at St. Vincent Seminary
  • Andreas J. Köstenberger, PhD, Director of PhD Studies and Professor of New Testament, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary, and Editor of the Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society
  • Urban von Wahlde, PhD, Professor, Loyola University in Chicago, and previous editor of Catholic Biblical Quarterly
  • Chris Seeman, PhD, Research Associate in Religious Studies, University of Missouri
  • Patricia K. Tull, PhD, A. B. Rhodes Professor Emerita of Old Testament, Louisville Presbyterian Seminary
  • Paul S. Evans, PhD, Assistant Professor of Old Testament, McMaster Divinity College
  • Abner Chou, ThD, Assistant Professor of Biblical Studies, The Master’s College
  • Stephen Miller, PhD, Chairman and Professor of the Department of Old Testament and Hebrew, Dean of the Doctor of Philosophy Program, Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Matthew Elliot, PhD, President of Oasis International
  • Alan J. Hauser, PhD, Professor of Religious Studies and Biblical Studies, Appalachian State University
  • Tomas Bokedal, ThD, Lecturer, Unversity of Aberdeen
  • Richard Hess, PhD, Earl S. Kalland Professor of Old Testament and Semitic Languages, Denver Seminary
  • James P. Sweeney, PhD, Professor of New Testament, Winebrenner Theological Seminary
  • Douglas Stuart, PhD, Professor of Old Testament; Chair of Biblical Studies, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
  • Elaine A. Phillips, PhD, Professor of Biblical Studies, Gordon College
  • J. Lanier Burns, PhD, Research Professor of Theological Studies, Senior Professor of Systematic Theology, Dallas Theological Seminary
  • Boyd Seevers, PhD, Professor of Old Testament Studies, University of Northwestern
  • Anthony Le Donne, PhD, Assistant Professor of New Testament, United Theological Seminary
  • Titus Kennedy, PhD, Adjunct Professor, Biola University
  • Michael Bird, PhD, Lecturer in Theology, Ridley Melbourne College of Mission and Ministry
  • Renate Hood, PhD, Professor, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor
  • Alison Schofield, PhD, Associate Professor of Religious Studies and Judaic Studies, Denver University
  • Leslie C. Allen, PhD, Senior Professor of Old Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary
  • Linda Belleville, PhD, Adjunct Professor of New Testament, Grand Rapids Theological Seminary
  • Trent C. Butler, PhD, former Professor of Old Testament and Hebrew at the Baptist Theological Seminary of Ruschlikon, Switzerland, and former Editorial Director for Holman Bible Publishers
  • Paul Copan, PhD, Professor and Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics, Palm Beach Atlantic University
  • Winfried Corduan, PhD, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and Religion, Taylor University
  • Katherine Dell, PhD, Reader in Old Testament Literature and Theology, Fellow and Director of Studies in Theology and Religious Studies, St Catharine’s College
  • Seth M. Ehorn, PhD, Visiting Assistant Professor of Greek Language and New Testament, Wheaton College
  • John Goldingay, PhD, David Allan Hubbard Professor of Old Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary
  • Joshua Harris, Senior Pastor of Covenant Life Church, Gaithersburg, Maryland
  • Craig S. Keener, PhD, F.M. and Ada Thompson Professor of Biblical Studies, Asbury Theological Seminary
  • John R. Kohlenberger III, ThB, former Lecturer, Consultant, and Adjunct Instructor in Bible and Biblical Language, Multnomah Bible College and Western Seminary
  • Boyd Luter, PhD, Adjunct Online Professor of New Testament, Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Pamela J. Scalise, PhD, Professor of Old Testament, Fuller Northwest
  • P. Chase Sears, PhD candidate at Southern Seminary, Family Pastor at Oak Park Baptist Church
  • Mark L. Strauss, PhD, Professor, Doctor of Ministry, Bethel Seminary
  • Cynthia Long Westfall, PhD, Assistant Professor of New Testament, McMaster Divinity School
  • And many, many more. . .

Product Details

  • Title: Lexham Bible Dictionary
  • Editor: John D. Barry
  • Associate Editors: David Bomar, Derek R. Brown, Rachel Klippenstein, Douglas Mangum, Carrie Sinclair-Wolcott, and Lazarus Wentz
  • Contributing Editors: Elliot Ritzema, and Wendy Widder
  • Assistant Editors: Rebecca Brant, Claire Brubaker, Lynnea Fraser, Scott Hausman, Rebekah Hurst, Jake Mailhot, Justin Marr, Britt Rogers, Abby Salinger, Abigail Stocker, Jessi Strong, Rebecca Van Noord, Elizabeth Vince, and Joel Wilcox
  • Major Contributors: T. Michael W. Halcomb and Micah Wierenga
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2016

About the Editor

John D. Barry is the CEO and Founder of Jesus' Economy, a non-profit dedicated to creating jobs and churches in the developing world. He also serves as a missionary with Resurrect Church Movement, the domestic division of Jesus' Economy dedicated to equipping U.S. churches to alleviate poverty and plant churches. John is the general editor of Faithlife Study Bible and Lexham Bible Dictionary. He has authored or edited over 30 books, including The Resurrected Servant in Isaiah, Cutting Ties with Darkness, and the daily devotional Connect the Testaments. John formerly served as founding publisher of Lexham Press and is the former editor-in-chief of Bible Study Magazine. John speaks internationally on engaging the Bible, poverty, and spreading the gospel.

About the Associate Editors

David Bomar is the editor-in-chief of Bible Study Magazine. He holds a BA in English and a BA in American Studies, and worked as a professional journalist for 15 years. He is also an MA Candidate in Biblical Studies.

Derek R. Brown is an academic editor for Lexham Press. He holds a MA in New Testament Studies from Regent College and a PhD in New Testament Studies and Christian Origins from the University of Edinburgh.

Rachel Klippenstein is a contributing editor for Lexham Press. She holds MAs in Linguistics from The Ohio State University and the University of Calgary. She is a PhD Candidate at The Ohio State University.

Douglas Mangum is an academic editor for Lexham Press. He holds a PhD in Hebrew from the University of Free State and holds a Master of Arts in Hebrew and Semitic Studies from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is an associate editor of the Lexham Bible Dictionary, editor of the Lexham Methods Series, and a regular Bible Study Magazine contributor.

Carrie Sinclair-Wolcott is a contributing editor for Logos Bible Software and Lexham Press. She has worked extensively on Lexham Bible Dictionary. She holds a Master of Arts in theological studies from Regent College.

Lazarus Wentz is the associate editor of the Lexham Bible Dictionary and a contributor to the Faithlife Study Bible.

About the Contributing Editors

Elliot Ritzema is the editor of 1,500 Quotations for Preachers, 300 Quotations for Preachers, 400 Prayers for Preachers, and the Study, Apply, Share series. He is also a Lexham English Bible editor, a contributor to the Faithlife Study Bible, and a regular contributor to Bible Study Magazine. He holds an MDiv from Regent College.

Wendy Widder holds a PhD in Near Eastern studies from the University of the Free State, an MA in Hebrew and Semitic Studies from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, and an MDiv from Grand Rapids Theological Seminary. She is the author of Living Whole without a Better Half, A Match Made in Heaven: How Singles and the Church Can Live Happily After, and the coauthor of The Forest and the Trees: Helping Teachers Integrate a Biblical Worldview Across the Curriculum.

About the Major Contributors

T. Michael W. Halcomb is a PhD candidate at Asbury Theological Seminary. He is the author of People of the Book: Inviting Communities into Biblical Interpretation, Entering the Fray: A Primer on New Testament Issues for the Church & Academy, and A Handbook of Ancient Greek Grammatical Terms: Greek-English and English-Greek.

Micah Wierenga is a freelance editor who has studied at Denver Seminary and formerly served as the Director of Bible Editorial at Biblica.


86 ratings

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  1. Isaac Lugo

    Isaac Lugo


  2. Kennda Greer

    Kennda Greer


    I just got the book, but now I can't seem to open it. Any help?
  3. Arlis Hibbard

    Arlis Hibbard


    Why are the articles cut and limited?
  4. Richard Akridge
  5. Chineka Boatswain
  6. Aubrey john

    Aubrey john


    Hi , I am in search of the ISBN number for the Lexham bible dictionary, does anyone have it.
  7. Frantzy Louis

    Frantzy Louis


    Great tool for Bible studies and Expanded reading.
  8. Jorge Alberto Valencia Hurtado
  9. james rand

    james rand


  10. Guelord Ngongolu
    Great tool for serious Bible studies!