The Pontifical Biblical Commission has defended the authority and interpretation of the Holy Bible for over 100 years, convening to study, analyze, and discuss the interpretation of Scripture in the modern world, or to evaluate a potentially controversial interpretation or pronouncement on Scripture. These three volumes express unique research into the study of Scripture and its interpretation and meaning for us in the twenty-first century.
The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible departs from the traditional and popular Christocentric analysis of the Old Testament in order to bring scholars back to the Jewish roots and Jewish purpose of the Old Testament. Saying that “without the Old Testament, the New Testament would be an unintelligible book, a plant deprived of its roots and destined to dry up and wither,” in the preface (written by Joseph Ratzinger), the study analyzes the nature of the authority of the Old Testament, as well as the meaning of the “fulfillment” of the Scriptures.
Having fulfillment in our life, on the other hand, is a desire rooted in the human heart. Our behavior is a testament to this desire—but while it can agree with that of others, often is clashes. For Christians, the Bible is an indespensible reference for moral norms, which guide our behavior away from traumatic clashes and into peaceful accord. But Scripture is nearly 1900 years old. How can its moral norms—which belong to distant cultures whose life conditions were very different than today’s—be relevant now? The Bible and Morality sets out to establish a method of analyzing the Bible’s standards of morality it sets forth.
In Logos, these three volumes add indispensable value to your library, integrating across all platforms and populating cross-references throughout your studies. Scripture passages link directly to your preferred translation and original language texts; important theological concepts link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. In addition, you can perform powerful searches by topic to find what other authors, scholars, and theologians have said about the Hebrew Scriptures, hermeneutics, or interpreting biblical morality.
The Pontifical Biblical Commission was created in 1901 by Pope Leo XIII through his Apostolic Letter Viigilantiae Studiique. Pope Pius X’s encyclical letter Providentissimus Deus outlines the duties and functions of the commission, which includes defending Scripture, ensuring proper interpretation of Scripture, providing answers to controversies on grave questions arising among Catholic scholars, and protecting the integrity of the Catholic faith in biblical matters. As such, the Pontifical Biblical Commission works very closely with the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
The Pontifical Biblical Commission is currently headed by Archbishop Gerhard Ludwig Müller as its president (who is also prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith). Among its more-than-twenty current members include Cardinal Propser Grech, Dr. Olivier Artus, and Donald P. Senior.