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The Last Adam
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The Last Adam


Baker Academic 2017

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Gathering Interest


There is much discussion today about how we are to understand the life of Jesus in the Gospels. What was Jesus doing between his birth and death and how does this relate to salvation?

The Last Adam considers the theological and soteriological significance of the life of Jesus in the Gospels from a primarily exegetical perspective. Brandon Crowe argues that Jesus is identified in the Gospels as the last Adam whose obedience recapitulates and overcomes the sin of the first Adam. Crowe shows that Jesus' obedience is presented by the Evangelists as the obedience of an anointed representative, which is counted vicariously on behalf of his people. Key topics covered include Jesus's baptism and temptation, his fulfillment of Scripture, the necessity of his works, the binding of the strong man and the inbreaking of the kingdom, and Jesus's death and resurrection. Crowe also discusses how his argument interfaces with systematic theology and the church's creedal traditions, which are often thought to say little about Jesus's life.

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Key Features

  • Seeks to correct the tendency for Christians to minimize Christ's life on earth in their emphasis on his death and resurrection
  • Shows that the Gospels present Jesus' obedient life as having salvific significance.
  • Presents a biblical theology of Jesus' life in a compelling and thoughtful manner.


  • A Tale of Two Adams in the History of Interpretation
  • The Last Adam and the Son of Man in the Gospels
  • The Last Adam as the Obedient Son of God
  • The Last Adam and the Fulfillment of Scripture
  • The Glory of the Last Adam in the Gospel of John
  • The Last Adam and the Kingdom of Righteousness
  • The Death and Resurrection of the Last Adam
  • The Last Adam and Salvation: Theological Synthesis and Conclusions

Praise for the Print Edition

Crowe's emphasis on the importance of Jesus's ministry combines exegetical detail, attention to reception-history, and a candid theological concern (with particular, but not exclusive, attention to the Reformed tradition). Crowe shows the theological yield of attending to the Gospels' presentation of Jesus as the new Adam who redeems through his life as well as his death.

—L. W. Hurtado, emeritus professor of New Testament language, literature and theology, School of Divinity, New College, University of Edinburgh

The issue of Jesus's relationship to Adam and whether the Savior's life, along with his death, was vicarious is a much-discussed, and sometimes debated, topic in theology. Brandon Crowe's The Last Adam presents a full walk through the issues tied to this discussion. It makes for fascinating reading as we come to reflect more on what Jesus's life and ministry may have been about.

—Darrell L. Bock, executive director of cultural engagement, Howard G. Hendricks Center for Christian Leadership and Cultural Engagement; senior research professor of New Testament studies, Dallas Theological Seminary

Brandon Crowe continues to produce clearly written and thoughtful biblical scholarship that is consciously rooted in the Reformed theological tradition. This book is no exception, and I heartily agree with its goal--to show that Jesus's obedient life (not just his death) as explicated in the Gospels matters. Crowe's emphasis on Jesus as the last Adam is an important contribution to a theological reading of the Gospels.

—Jonathan Pennington, associate professor of New Testament interpretation and director of research doctoral studies, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

Product Details

About Brandon D. Crowe

Brandon D. Crowe (PhD, University of Edinburgh) is associate professor of New Testament at Westminster Theological Seminary in Glenside, Pennsylvania, where he also serves as New Testament department coordinator and coordinator of the Greek language curriculum. He is the author or editor of several books, including The Obedient Son: Deuteronomy and Christology in the Gospel of Matthew and The Essential Trinity: New Testament Foundations and Practical Relevance, and is the book review editor for Westminster Theological Journal.

Sample Pages from the Print Edition