Take a fresh look at 1 Chronicles and discover its meaning for God's people by examining its origins, textual witnesses, geo-political and historical context, and theological meaning. Examine 1 Chronicles’ parallel passages from Samuel and Kings, and understand how Solomon’s temple functions as a unifying literary theme in the book. Organized for easy reference, Word Biblical commentaries make an ideal Bible study companion whether you are studying a single passage or a complete biblical book.
“The position of the temple is central in 1 Chronicles (as well as 2 Chronicles and Ezra-Nehemiah)” (Page xxix)
“In general, it may be said that while any date from about 515–250 b.c. is possible, the separation of Chronicles from Ezra-Nehemiah at a minimum permits an earlier dating for Chronicles than would otherwise be the case. While certainty is impossible, it is at least interesting to consider a date nearer the rebuilding of the temple as the occasion for the initial stratum of Chronicles, i.e., about 515 b.c. This initial edition would then have been expanded and updated somewhat in the manner proposed by Cross, reaching its final form about 350–300 b.c..” (Page xxix)
“In what would appear to be the clearest case of hyperbole in the chapter, David then pays Ornan, not the fifty shekels of silver named in Samuel, but no less than six hundred shekels of gold. (It is to miss the writer’s point to explain the larger sum as due to the fact that Chronicles pictures the purchase of a larger site while Samuel pictures only that of the threshing floor and oxen, or as derived from a kind of head tax upon the various tribes of Israel.) To glorify the temple was to glorify God, and one way to glorify the temple was to escalate the cost of the site upon which it was built.” (Page 217)
“The linear genealogy commonly seeks to legitimize the position of the lastnamed person by relating him or her to an ancestor whose position is accepted as established; hence the various king lists of the ANE and the OT are uniformly linear in form. The segmented genealogy, on the other hand, has as its primary function the expression of the relationships existing between the various branches of individuals named.” (Page 2)
The Word Biblical Commentary delivers the best in biblical scholarship, from the leading scholars of our day who share a commitment to Scripture as divine revelation. This series emphasizes a thorough analysis of textual, linguistic, structural, and theological evidence. The result is judicious and balanced insight into the meanings of the text in the framework of biblical theology. These widely acclaimed commentaries serve as exceptional resources for the professional theologian and instructor, the seminary or university student, the working minister, and everyone concerned with building theological understanding from a solid base of biblical scholarship. Contributors—all of whom rank among the leading Christian scholars of the English-speaking world—write authoritatively on the portions of Scripture in which they specialize. This collection also includes an enviable scholar’s array of Bible translations and Greek and Hebrew resources for in-depth research.
Each section of the commentary includes:
Roddy L. Braun is pastor of Our Savior Lutheran Church, Arlington, Virginia, and was professor of Semitic languages at Concordia Senior College, Fort Wayne, Indiana. He is the author of Jesus: His Name and Titles: A Devotional and Theological Study.