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Christ in the Old Testament


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This book focuses on God's appearances in human form rather than the Shekinah, the pillar of cloud or other manifestations of God's presence. Rather than simply a defense against erroneous views Borland presents a positive theology of theophanies. It is the most comprehensive book of its type, although not every Christophany is investigated all categories are represented. Borland looks at the characteristics of Christophanies and their use by God.

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“The term Christophany in this work will denote those unsought, intermittent and temporary, visible and audible manifestations of God the Son in human form, by which God communicated something to certain conscious human beings on earth prior to the birth of Jesus Christ.” (Page 17)

“The thesis of this work is that all Old Testament theophanies that involved the manifestation of God in human form were appearances of the second person of the Trinity, and as such their purpose was not only to provide immediate revelation but also to prepare mankind for the incarnation of Christ.” (Page 11)

“His title, ‘angel,’ stood for His office, not His nature.” (Page 36)

“This work focuses on God’s appearances in human form as distinguished from such phenomena as the Shekinah, cloudy pillar, and other forms of manifestation.” (Page 10)

“The Christophanies had more of an individual coloring, while the fiery or cloudy pillar was experienced by the several millions of Israelites who followed it. In addition, there is no record of any Christophany in which God revealed Himself to such great numbers.” (Page 18)

  • Title: Christ in the Old Testament
  • Author: James A. Borland
  • Publisher: Christian Focus
  • Print Publication Date: 1999
  • Logos Release Date: 2010
  • Language: English
  • Resources: 1
  • Format: Digital › Logos Research Edition
  • Subjects: Theophanies in the Bible; Bible. O.T. › Criticism, interpretation, etc
  • Resource ID: LLS:CHRSTINOT
  • Resource Type: Monograph
  • Metadata Last Updated: 2022-02-12T07:13:08Z

In the Logos edition, this digital volume is enhanced by amazing functionality. Scripture citations link directly to English Bible translations, and important terms link to a wealth of other resources in your digital library, including tools for original languages, dictionaries, encyclopedias, commentaries, and theology texts. Perform powerful searches to find exactly what you’re looking for. Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

James A. Borland is Professor of Biblical Studies and Theology at Liberty University, Lynchburg, Virginia. He has been the Secretary-Treasurer of the Evangelical Theological Society for many years.


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Digital list price: $16.99
Save $3.00 (17%)