What is the relationship between the Church and Israel? And how does that influence our understanding of the Old Testament?
In Heirs of Promise, P. Chase Sears answers these questions by taking a biblical-theological approach to the book of Romans. He argues that Paul views the Church as the new Israel—not a replacement of Israel, but rather the continuation of Israel reconstituted in Christ. As the Son of God, Jesus is the true Israel, through whom all of God’s purposes for Israel and creation are realized. Through faith in Christ, the Church becomes God’s new covenant people and heirs of all his saving promises.
Sears examines how people united to Jesus find their identity in him. He explains how Old Testament promises made to Israel are being fulfilled in the Church. And he shows how Paul applies descriptions of Israel to all those who believe the gospel. These themes from Romans demonstrate that Paul considers the Church to be the new Israel, and thus Heirs of Promise.
The Snapshots series, edited by renowned scholar Michael F. Bird, engages significant issues in contemporary biblical scholarship, making them accessible to busy students of the word and applicable in the life of the church.
Learn more about the other titles in this series.
“The current discussion is not whether the Church has replaced Israel; non-dispensationalists are not arguing this. Rather, the issue is whether believing Gentiles are on equal footing with believing Jews, receiving all ot promises through faith in Christ17—it is on this point that further dialogue needs to occur.” (Page 7)
“The Church is not the replacement of Israel, but the continuation of Israel reconstituted in Christ.” (Page 106)
“Paul does not present the Church as a ‘replacement’ of Israel, but as ‘the continuation of Israel into the new age.’” (Page 72)
“So Paul does not see Jesus as merely restoring the nation of Israel so it can bless the nations; instead, Jesus as the true Israel accomplishes this task in himself.” (Page 32)
P. Chase Sears is a New Testament PhD candidate at Southern Seminary. His research interests include New Testament theology, Pauline theology, and Hermeneutics. He has contributed to the Lexham Bible Dictionary and is currently the pastor-teacher at Oak Park Baptist Church in Jeffersonville, IN.