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Divine and Contingent Order


This volume examines the implications of the Judaeo-Christian claim for our understanding of the universe that it is contingent: freely created by God out of nothing, and having an existence, freedom, and rational order of its own while still dependent on Him.

Professor Torrance argues that this claim made possible the development of western empirical science. However, Newtonian physics obscured the connection between the rational order of nature and the Christian doctrine of creation. Torrance shows how modern relativity and quantum theories have once again drawn attention to the significance of contingence. This implies the universe is found to be consistently rational only if it is dependent on a creative rationality beyond it.

Torrance considers finally the disorderly elements in the universe, both physical and moral, and argues that the doctrine of incarnation as well as of creation is necessary to deal with the intellectual problems which they raise.

Key Features

  • Detailed explanation of determinist theology
  • Sound defense for creation and the Creator.
  • Automatic footnotes when referenced.

Product Details

  • Title: Divine and Contingent Order
  • Author: Thomas F. Torrance
  • Publisher: T & T Clark
  • Publication Date: 1981
  • Pages: 176

About Thomas F. Torrance

Thomas F. Torrance is Emeritus Professor of Christian Dogmatics, University of Edinburgh.

Sample Pages from the Print Edition