Encyclopedia Britannica calls Aristotle “the first genuine scientist in history.” Departing from the tradition of inquiry established by Plato and Socrates before him, Aristotle left the forms and ideals of his teacher, shifting his gaze to what he could touch, taste, and see. Aristotle contributed to nearly every field—from psychology to zoology—prompting Philosopher Bryan Magee to doubt “whether any human being has ever known as much as he did.” His influence—both positive and negative—has been, according to Bertrand Russell, so great that “almost every serious intellectual advance has had to begin with an attack on some Aristotelian doctrine.”
These surveys from leading nineteenth- and twentieth-century classicists introduce the great student of experience. They detail his systems of ethics and logic; explore the dominating impact of his work; and boldly critique his thought, and the sometimes unreserved veneration it received for centuries. Understanding Aristotle is foundational to understanding the way Western people think, learn, act, and worship.
The Logos editions of these valuable volumes are enhanced by amazing functionality. Study these surveys alongside Aristotle’s collected works. Important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Powerful searches help you find exactly what you’re looking for. Tablet and mobile apps let you take your study with you. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.
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Aristotle (384–322 BC) was born in the Greek colony of Stagirus, on the coast of Thrace. When he was 17, Aristotle went to Athens, where he studied under Plato at the Academy for 20 years. Following the death of Plato, and due to Aristotle’s divergence from platonic ideas, Aristotle left the Academy. He was later hired by Philip of Macedonia as a tutor for his son, Alexander (who would grow up to become Alexander the Great). After tutoring Alexander for five years, Aristotle returned to Athens and founded the Lyceum as a rival to Plato’s Academy. Because he was in the practice of walking while he taught, his followers became known as peripatetics, a Greek word meaning “to walk about.”
Known as the father of logic, Aristotle was the first philosopher to develop a system of reasoning. He was also the first to classify human knowledge into specific disciplines (e.g. mathematics, biology, etc.). He is most famous known for rejecting the platonic theory of forms, setting up a dichotomy that has dominated philosophy to this day.