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Mobile Ed: OT291 The Jewish Trinity: How the Old Testament Reveals the Christian Godhead (4 hour course)

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Overview

In this revealing course, Dr. Michael Heiser illuminates the Old Testament basis for the Christian Godhead. Dr. Heiser, academic editor at Logos Bible Software, reveals how God was cast as more than one person in the Old Testament, and how New Testament writers applied those descriptions to Jesus. Dive into Old Testament theology and powerful descriptions of God, and discover foundational truths for apologetics and Jewish evangelism. Dr. Heiser holds a PhD in Hebrew Bible and Semitic languages, making him an excellent Old Testament guide.

 

Grow your understanding in the Old Testament. Earn a Mobile Ed Certificate of Completion when you invest in your education. Learn more about the Old Testament Certificate Programs.

Upon successful completion you should be able to:

  • Define the term “monotheism” in relation to the Old Testament
  • Identify the various meanings of the word elohim in Old Testament usage
  • Explain how Jewish monotheism does not contradict belief in a Godhead
  • List three non-canonical Jewish writings that demonstrate belief in a Godhead
  • Evaluate and refute objections to the deity of Jesus Christ made by Judaism and Jehovah’s Witnesses

Introduction

  • Introducing the Speaker and Coruse

Unit 1: How Do I Respond to a Jewish Objection to the Christian Trinity?

  • The Core Beliefs of Judaism
  • Accessing and Using Hebrew Dictionaries
  • The First Problem with Understanding Monotheism
  • Comparing English Translations with the Text Comparison Tool
  • The Second Problem with Understanding Monotheism
  • Searching English Bibles for the Words of Christ
  • Understanding Elohimand the Implications for the Godhead

Unit 2: What Is Yahweh’s Council?

  • The Divine Council in Psalm 82
  • The Role of the Divine Council
  • Using the NET Bible Notes to Find Manuscript Differences

Unit 3: Doesn’t the Old Testament Deny the Existence of Other Gods?

  • No God Besides Yahweh
  • Searching for Different Forms of a Phrase from Isaiah 47:8
  • The Logic of Idolatry in the Ancient World
  • Idols in Psalm 115
  • Idols in 1 Corinthians 8
  • “Elemental Spirits” in Galatians 4
  • Using the BDAG Greek Lexicon to Determine a Word’s Meaning

Unit 4: Aren’t the Host of Heaven Just Celestial Objects Rather Than Actual Beings?

  • The “Host of Heaven” in the Old Testament
  • Summary of Divine Plurality in the Old Testament

Unit 5: What Other Being Was Identified with Yahweh?

  • The Godhead in Ancient Judaism
  • The Biblical Evidence for Two Powers in Heaven
  • The Second Yahweh of the Old Testament
  • Yahweh and the Angel of Yahweh
  • Yahweh and “The Word”
  • Yahweh and the “Cloud Rider”

Unit 6: Did Jews Really Believe in Two Powers?

  • The Jewish Belief in a Second Yahweh Figure
  • Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Exalted Humans
  • Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Important Angels
  • Finding and Understanding Early Jewish Writings
  • Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: The Logos

Unit 7: How Did the New Testament Writers Understand the Second Yahweh Figure?

  • The Second Yahweh and “The Word”
  • The Second Yahweh and “The Angel”
  • The Second Yahweh and “The Name”
  • Finding where “The Name” Refers to God
  • The Second Yahweh and the “Rider on the Clouds”
  • Jesus as the Second Yahweh

Unit 8: How Does the Language of Divine Plurality Relate to Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son?

  • Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son
  • Understanding the Greek Term Monogenēs
  • Using the Bible Word Study to Explore the Meaning of Monogenēs

Unit 9: How Did New Testament Writers Express Belief that Jesus Was Unique among the Sons of God?

  • Review of Divine Plurality in Psalm 82
  • Jesus’ Quotation of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34
  • Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part One)
  • Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part Two)
  • Creating Collections of Commentaries to Study Psalm 82
  • Understanding Jesus’ Use of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34

Unit 10: Can Seeds of a Christian Trinity Be Found in the Old Testament?

  • Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Isaiah 63 and Psalm 78
  • Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Ezekiel 8
  • New Testament Use of Old Testament Godhead Language
  • Summary of Old Testament Godhead Language

Unit 11: How Does an Old Testament Godhead Address the Claims of other Religions?

  • The Old Testament Godhead and Jehovah’s Witnesses
  • The Old Testament Godhead and Mormonism
  • The Old Testament Godhead and Academic Skepticism
  • The Old Testament Godhead and Jewish Evangelism

Conclusion

  • Summary of the Course
  • Title: OT291 The Jewish Trinity: How the Old Testament Reveals the Christian Godhead
  • Instructor: Michael S. Heiser
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Product Type: Logos Mobile Education
  • Resource Type: Courseware, including transcripts, audio, and video resources
  • Courses: 1
  • Video Hours: 4
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Dr. Michael S. Heiser is a former Scholar-in-Residence for Faithlife Corporation, the makers of Logos Bible Software. He currently serves as Executive Director of the Awakening School of Theology and Ministry at Celebration Church in Jacksonville, Florida. His varied academic background enables him to operate in the realm of critical scholarship and the wider Christian community. His experience in teaching at the undergraduate level and writing for the layperson have both directly contributed to Logos’ goal of adapting scholarly tools for nonspecialists.

Dr. Heiser earned his PhD in Hebrew Bible and Semitic languages and holds and MA in ancient history and Hebrew studies. He is the coeditor of Old Testament Greek Pseudepigrapha with Morphology and Semitic Inscriptions: Analyzed Texts and English Translations, and can do translation work in roughly a dozen ancient languages, including Biblical Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic, Egyptian hieroglyphs, and Ugaritic cuneiform. He also specializes in Israelite religion (especially Israel’s divine council), contextualizing biblical theology with Israelite and ancient Near Eastern religion, Jewish binitarianism, biblical languages, ancient Semitic languages, textual criticism, comparative philology, and Second Temple period Jewish literature. In addition, he was named the 2007 Pacific Northwest Regional Scholar by the Society of Biblical Literature.

Logos Mobile Education is a highly effective cross-platform learning environment that integrates world class teaching with the powerful study tools and theological libraries available in Logos Bible Software. Every course provides links to additional resources and suggested readings that supplement the lecture material at the end of every transcript segment.

This course was produced with screencast videos. These videos provide tutorials showing you how to use Logos Bible Software in ways that are tied directly into the content of the course. We are now producing Activities resources as a replacement for screencast videos. We plan on updating this course to include this additional Activities resource in the future for no extra charge.

 

Reviews

23 ratings

4.34.34.34.34.3

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  1. Joseph E

    Joseph E

    6/23/2021

    55555
  2. Puddin’

    Puddin’

    11/1/2019

    11111
    *I took this course—and, while I like Dr. Heiser’s demeanor, I’m sorry, but it is an exercise in shadow-swatting to attempt to somehow force the Messiah into the OT canon. *In fact, I will be using this course in the church I pastor to demonstrate how hard some scholars will overreach in attempting to locate God’s Son in the OT (which is easily and quickly refuted)...and is problematic for the supposed “Trinity” doctrine. No disrespect intended toward Dr. Heiser nor Faith Life inasmuch as I enjoy Logos software and appreciate their eclectic sources. In fact I am teaching a tools class to the church next midweek Bible study and I fully intend to advise them to get the Logos app. & make it their go-to for serious academia.
    Reply

  3. Ian sipley

    Ian sipley

    9/7/2019

    55555
  4. Kevin Bratcher
  5. Matthew Joseph Morris
  6. Edith

    Edith

    8/13/2018

    55555
  7. Jay Ofner

    Jay Ofner

    5/23/2018

    this is confusing and unclear how it is organized
    Reply

  8. Richard Labelle
  9. Edward Wright
    You have to take this course. Love this guy's work
    Reply

  10. Into Grace

    Into Grace

    1/4/2018

    11111
    Segment Three This segment is called, “The First Problem with Understanding Monotheism.” But before we get our feet wet, we should know the definition of monotheism. According to Merriam-Webster (2017), it means, “the doctrine or belief that there is but one God <historically related forms of monotheism as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.” Historic monotheism is not a denial of the existence of other gods. Dr. Heiser makes this important point throughout the course. There is a plurality of good and evil gods. Monotheism is like a scope that points to the Father as the one God (Yahweh). Because of His awesomeness, He is in a league all by Himself (as it were), without any competition. With an understanding of monotheism, Dr. Heiser illustrates how different translations have experienced difficulty translating the Hebrew word “elohim” (1 Samuel 28:13; Deuteronomy 32:17; Psalm 82:1). How this ambiguity in the word “elohim” creates a problem for monotheism is not stated (Or I missed it). Heiser continues and in bold letters provides this sentence: “The Old Testament Concept of Divine Plurality is Foundational to the New Testament Trinity.” Apparently, Dr. Heiser is communicating that the broad meaning of the word “Elohim” (to include other deities both good and evil) is a necessary understanding for Trinitarians. While I agree, I was unable to determine how this creates a problem understanding Jewish monotheism. This is because Jewish monotheism doesn’t deny the existence of other inferior gods. It just unmistakable declares that the one and only God (far above all others) is Yahweh (the Father). Secondly, Dr. Heiser is apparently attempting to conditions minds to think of the one God in terms of divine plurality because this is required for Trinitarians. But Dr. Heiser needs to substantiate this premise from the Bible, if true. The standard of truth is the Bible property understood and not something one must believe because of being a Trinitarian. This is because all the passages that identify God as one Being or Person are Unitarian (The Father is the one God). Not one passage includes Jesus or the Holy Spirit within the definition of one God (Deuteronomy 4:35, 39; 6:4; 32:39; 2 Samuel 7:22; 2 Samuel 22:32;1 Kings 8:60; 19:15; 1 Chronicles 17:20; Nehemiah 9:6; Psalm 18:31; Isaiah 37:20; 43:10; 44:8; 45; 45:14; 45:18; 45:21; 46:9; Zachariah 14:9, etc. Mark 12:28-34; Luke 18:19; John 5:44-46, 17:3; Romans 3:30, 16:27; 1 Corinthians 8:4-6; Galatians 3:19-20; Ephesians 4:4-6; 1 Timothy 1:17, 2:5; James 2:19; Jude 25). Dr. Heiser writes, “Divine plurality, just the idea, is an important baby step toward helping your Jewish friend understand that, look, when we, as Christians, embrace the idea of a Trinity or Jesus as God, we can still think of ourselves as monotheists in the sense that there is only one incomparable Yahweh.” Dr. Heiser confuses a plurality of divine beings (both good and evil) with the Shema. The Shema is “locked tight.” Yahweh is the only God. Trinitarians wrongly claim they are monotheists when they include Jesus and the Holy Spirit within the Shema (which the Bible excludes). Dr Heiser writes: “There are multiple elohim, and, as we will see in the course of this course, there is an idea of a Godhead in the ot as well.” Dr. Heiser wants his students to assume certain unestablished facts up front. While there are multiple good and evil elohims, the Old Testament doesn’t teach the existence of a multiple Persons (or Beings), godhead. Dr. Heiser is not shy about front loading his students with presuppositions required to make his case. For the complete review, please see website under my profile. Thank you.
    Reply

Save on select resources this Publisher Spotlight!

$89.99

Regular price: $149.99
Save $60.00 (40%)