At first glance, it may seem strange that after more than two thousand years of biblical interpretation there are still major disagreements among biblical scholars about what the Jewish and Christian Scriptures say, and about how one is to read and understand them. Yet the range of interpretive approaches now available is the result both of the richness of the biblical texts themselves and of differences in the worldviews of the communities and individuals who have sought to make the Scriptures relevant to their own time and place. A History of Biblical Interpretation provides detailed and extensive studies of the interpretation of the Scriptures by Jewish and Christian writers throughout the ages. Written by internationally renowned scholars, this multi-volume work comprehensively treats the many different methods of interpretation, the many important interpreters who have written in various eras, and the many key issues that have surfaced repeatedly over the long course of biblical interpretation.
This first volume of A History of Biblical Interpretation explores interpreters and their methods in the ancient period, from the very earliest stages to the time when the canons of Judaism and Christianity gained general acceptance. The first part of the book concentrates on the use of the Scriptures within Judaism. Chapters examine inner-biblical exegesis in the Tanak, the development of the Septuagint, the exegetical approach of Philo of Alexandria, biblical interpretation in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Targumim, the nature of rabbinic midrash, the stabilization of the Hebrew Bible, and the interpretation of the Bible in the Jewish Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. The second part of the book probes themes specific to Christian interpretation of the biblical texts. Chapters discuss how Israel’s Scriptures are used in the New Testament writings, the hermeneutical approaches of the Apostolic Fathers and the Apologists, Alexandrian and Antiochene exegesis, the contributions of Jerome and Augustine, the formation of the New Testament canon, and the interpretation of Scripture in the New Testament Apocrypha and Gnostic writings. This volume also includes a substantial introduction by the editors, giving readers a broad overview of the primary issues and features of ancient biblical interpretation and a means of sampling the ways in which the key figures, schools of interpretation, and issues discussed interweave and contrast with each other.
Biblical interpretation began even before the texts came to be written down. This volume leads readers from those early beginnings through the different stages of the fascinating history of inner-biblical exegesis up to the stabilization of the Tanak, and then further through to the writings of the New Testament and early Christianity. Every step is unfolded in thoroughgoing chapters by specialists who always keep in view the context of the history of biblical interpretation as a whole. The editors are to be congratulated on this very useful, even eye-opening combination of studies that are usually dealt with separately. Readers can look forward to future volumes continuing the discussion of biblical interpretation up through the twentieth century.
—Rolf Rendtorff, emeritus professor of Old Testament, University of Heidelberg
Hauser and Watson offer a fine collection of essays that provides, with minimal overlap, a balanced, well-informed understanding of both the context in which the Bible emerged and the stabilization of biblical traditions into a fixed canon.
—Catholic Biblical Quarterly
Duane F. Watson is professor of New Testament studies at Malone College, Canton, Ohio. He is also the author of Invention, Arrangement, and Style: Rhetorical Criticism of Jude and 2 Peter, editor of Persuasive Artistry: Studies in New Testament Rhetoric, and coauthor of Rhetorical Criticism of the Bible: A Comprehensive Bibliography with Notes on History and Method.
Alan J. Hauser is professor of biblical studies at Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina. He is also coeditor of Art and Meaning: Rhetoric in Biblical Literature and coauthor of From Carmel to Horeb: Elijah in Crisis and Rhetorical Criticism of the Bible: A Comprehensive Bibliography with Notes on History and Method.