The product of a collaboration between Hermann Strack and Paul Billerbeck, Kommentar zum Neuen Testament aus Talmud und Midrasch is truly one of a kind. Strack and Billerbeck painstakingly gathered materials from the Talmud and Midrash that help explain the faith, perspectives, and practices of the Jews during the life of Christ and the period of the early church. Going through each New Testament book verse by verse, Strack and Billerbeck reference passages from the Midrash and the Talmud to show not only how they informed the opinions of the experts in the audience, but how centuries of teaching from those sources would have informed the popular understanding of what was being said or done in a particular verse or section.
Though much work has been done on Second-Temple Judaism since Strack and Billerbeck published this work, nothing has come close to replacing it. It is the seminal and standard reference work in this area of research. If you want to learn about the Jewish worldview at the time of Christ, you must have Kommentar zum Neuen Testament aus Talmud und Midrash in your library.
The Logos edition of Kommentar zum Neuen Testament aus Talmud und Midrasch is completely indexed, giving near-instant access to any word or reference. The Scripture references are linked to your preferred Bible translation and appear on mouseover. Greek, Latin, and Hebrew words link to the language tools in your library, allowing you to access basic lexical information with a simple right-click.
These volumes are in their original German and are parallel to our soon-to-come English translations. Check out our original translation for the Kommentar zum Neuen Testament aus Talmud und Midrasch .
“Für die sadduzäischen Mitglieder des Synedriums war der Todesfreitag eben kein erster Feiertag” (Volume 2, Page 853)
“Die Hirten waren verachtete Leute. Man hatte sie in Verdacht, daß sie es mit dem Mein u. Dein nicht genau nähmen; darum blieben sie auch von der Zeugenaussage vor Gericht ausgeschlossen.” (Volume 2, Page 113)
“daß die Halakha Gerichtsverhandlungen an den Sabbat- u. Feiertagen verboten hat” (Volume 2, Page 818)
“Der 14. Nisan zwang dazu, in Jesu den Antitypus des Passahopfers zu sehen” (Volume 2, Page 837)
“der Todestag Jesu nach Johannes Freitag, der 14. Nisan,” (Volume 2, Page 835)
Volume 1 contains commentary on the Gospel of Matthew.
Volume 2 contains commentary on the Gospel of Mark, the Gospel of Luke, the Gospel of John, and the Acts of the Apostles.
Hermann Strack (1848–1922) was born in Berlin. He studied Talmudic and Rabbinic literature under the Jewish scholar Moritz Steinschneider. Most of Strack’s contemporaries considered him the foremost Christian authority on Talmudic and Rabbinic literature. In 1883, Strack founded the Institutum Judaicm, an organization focused specifically on the conversion of Jews to Christianity. Two years later, he became editor of Nathanael. Zeitschrift für die Arbeit der Evangelischen Kirche an Israel. In 1877, Strack became the assistant professor of Old Testament exegesis and semitic languages at the University of Berlin.
Paul Billerbeck (1853–1932) was born in Bad Schönfliess on April 4, 1853. Before his retirement in 1914, Billerbeck served as a pastor in Zielenzig and Heinerdorf. Billerbeck was also heavily involved in missionary work in Berlin, where he was engaged in the evangelism of Jews living in Germany. Billerbeck was educated at Greifswald and Leipzig.