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Four Views on Heaven (Counterpoints)

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Discover Different Christian Views on What Heaven Will Be Like.

Christians from a variety of denominations and traditions are in middle of an important conversation about the final destiny of the saved. Scholars such as N. T. Wright and J. Richard Middleton have pushed back against the traditional view of heaven, and now some Christians are pushing back against them for fear that talk about the earthiness of our final hope distracts our attention from Jesus.

In the familiar Counterpoints format, Four Views on Heaven brings together a well-rounded discussion and highlights similarities and differences of the current views on heaven. Each author presents their strongest biblical case for their position, followed by responses and a rejoinder that model a respectful and irenic tone toward those with whom they disagree.

Positions and contributors include:

Heaven: John S. Feinberg. This traditional view says our destiny is to leave earth and live forever in heaven where we will rest, worship, and serve God. We cannot say much about what heaven is like because its pleasures and glory will far surpass anything experienced here. We will be perfect in every way, both morally and in our knowledge. This heavenly vision may seem boring, but only because we are considering heaven from our earthly perspective.

Earth: J. Richard Middleton. This position counters the popular Platonic notion of heaven by emphasizing that the saved will live forever with Jesus on this restored planet. Worshiping Jesus will be the climax of our experience, but we will also enjoy ordinary human activities in our redeemed state.

Heavenly Earth: Michael Allen. Increasing number of Protestant theologians disagree with the otherworldly Platonic vision of our final destiny but also suspect that Kuyperians have swung too far in the other direction. His view sounds like a Protestant version of the beatific vision. We will be on earth, but totally locked into Jesus in unceasing praise. This view seeks to highlight both the strengths and weaknesses of the heavenly and earthly views.

Roman Catholic Beatific Vision: Peter Kreeft. The beatific vision is the ultimate direct self communication of God to the individual. A person possessing the beatific vision reaches, as a member of redeemed humanity in the communion of saints, perfect salvation in its entirety, i.e. heaven. The notion of vision stresses the intellectual component of salvation, though it encompasses the whole of human experience of joy, happiness coming from seeing God finally face-to-face and not imperfectly through faith.

The Counterpoints series provides a forum for comparison and critique of different views on issues important to Christians. Counterpoints books address two categories: Church Life and Bible and Theology. Complete your library with other books in the Counterpoints series.

  • Provides a forum for comparison and critique of different views
  • Includes responses and a rejoinder that model a respectful and irenic tone
  • Highlights similarities and differences of the current views on heaven

Top Highlights

“This is a good time to note that when it comes to eschatology, the Christian Scriptures teach the three Rs: the Return of Christ, the Resurrection of the body, and the Restoration of all things.” (Page 9)

“They stressed that grace restores nature, so that following Jesus should lead Christians into the world rather than merely to rise above it. They noted that our final home was a new heaven and a new earth, and they emphasized the earth part. This vision of our earthly end can be found today in the Dutch theologians Al Wolters, Richard Mouw, and Cornelius Plantinga Jr. Its influence has also spread beyond the Dutch community and is apparent in such evangelicals as Randy Alcorn, N. T. Wright, Richard Middleton, G. K. Beale, and myself.” (Page 19)

“The best biblical evidence teaches that their immaterial part goes immediately into the Lord’s presence in heaven.” (Page 27)

“We can define the intermediate state only in very broad strokes. It involves the enjoyment of God’s presence, occurs in a temporarily disembodied state, is paradisal in character (as opposed to purgatorial in mood), and is not yet the climactic finale of redemptive history.” (Page 132)

“The point is that the picture Paul paints in 1 Thessalonians 4:13–18 is not of being taken up to heaven but of the coming of Christ in victory to claim the earth as his rightful kingdom.” (Page 44)


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  1. Robert Carter

    Robert Carter


    I shall not purchase this product. The reason is that topics like this are approached far too often from a purely academic viewpoint, hence the debates. This will probably arouse negative responses from armchair experts, but no-one can deny real-to-life experiences. Whilst sound biblical truths are necessary, but the problems are that the interpretation depends on denominative backgrounds. We have the Catholic viewpoint and Protestant viewpoints, Pentecostal and Charismatic, Presbyterian and Baptist opinions, mostly theoretical. Many people have had the privilege of visiting heaven and I am one. The experiences are not dreams or visions or “near death experiences”, but actual events.
Unless one actually has such experiences, they are not truly qualified to make assumptions, despite their qualifications as it is all assumption and theoretical. Sorry…