1 Kings recounts what happens to David’s kingdom following his death, dealing with why Judah came into the sorry state that led, eventually, to exile. Is there hope in the midst of God’s judgment on his people? John Davies shows the faithfulness of God, despite the people’s unfaithfulness, as a theme that runs throughout the book of Kings. God’s power and grace are shown to his covenant people. The reader who comes to 1 Kings with the tumultuous events of 2 Samuel in mind will be expecting a resolution to them, particularly the narrative concerning the succession (2 Samuel 9–20) and there is considerable literary and theological interaction between the two books. The division of Kings into two books is a later development, and we must regard the story of 1 Kings as leading into the traumatic Judean exile to Babylon with which 2 Kings concludes. The book of Kings, therefore, finalized after the beginning of the exile (though evidently making use of earlier sources), wrestles with the question of how Judah (all that is left of Israel) came to this sorry state, with its glorious temple in ruins and its citizens once more subject to a foreign king. This is no more than the people and their kings deserve, according to the theology outlined in the Pentateuch, particularly the book of Deuteronomy.
“This brief attempt to restore the glory of the Solomonic age through sea-going exploration” (Page 418)
“In seeking to satisfy his appetites through the acquisition of the orchard, Ahab ends up satisfying the appetites of the scavenging ‘dogs’” (Page 395)
“We might compare Jesus’ encounter with a woman when he also sought to alleviate his thirst” (Page 322)
“Important as ‘ploughing’ is, there is an even more important task to be carried on—the prophetic proclamation” (Page 364)