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Cultural Concepts Collection (35 vols.)
This image is for illustration only. The product is a download.

Please note: This product does not contain either the Factbook or the Lexham Cultural Ontology Dataset from Logos, which are needed for the Cultural Concepts tools. To get the Cultural Concepts tooling for your software, you’ll need to upgrade to Logos Bronze or higher.


Explore ancient cultural practices and customs from Old and New Testament passages—and find where else they occur in other ancient biblical and non-biblical texts. This collection expands your library’s connections to the Cultural Concepts tools in your Passage Guide as well as in your Factbook. You’ll get a greater understanding of the significance behind the events and details of Scripture—such as birth and death practices, food, holidays, legal standards, and religious rituals.

With nine extensive Bible dictionaries and encyclopedias, as well as more than 15 books of ancient texts and manuscripts from the ancient world, this collection provides the best resources for expanding your Cultural Concepts tools.

Key Features

  • Contains Logos resources with extensive Cultural Concepts linking
  • Expands your library’s connections to the ancient world
  • Provides important context to the cultures the Bible was written in

Product Details

The Apostolic Fathers in English

  • Author: Rick Brannan
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2012

The “Apostolic Fathers” wrote what has become some of the most important literature in the early church—letters and epistolary documents, homilies and theological tracts, documents on church order, and apocalyptic literature. In fact, some texts came close to inclusion in the New Testament canon. Tertullian regarded Hermas as Scripture, Irenaeus treated 1 Clement as canonical, and Origen regarded the Didache as inspired. Barnabas and Hermas were included in Codex Sinaiticus and 1 and 2 Clement were included in Codex Alexandrinus. The near-canonical status of the writings of the Apostolic Fathers in the early church makes their importance for modern study undisputed.

Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, vol. 1

  • Publication Date: 1983
  • Pages: 1,056

Volume 1 of this work contains two sections. The first is Apocalyptic Literature and Related Works. An apocalypse, from the Greek meaning revelation or disclosure, is a certain type of literature which was a special feature of religions in late antiquity. In the past, the definition was derived from the study of only some of the extant apocalypses, especially the Apocalypse, the Book of Revelation. This has changed, and the present edition of the pseudepigrapha includes nineteen documents that are apocalypses or related literature. It will now be easier to perceive the richness of apocalyptic literature and the extent of early Jewish and Christian apocalyptic ideas and apocalyptic religion.

These new translations present these important documents, many for the first time in modern English, for all “People of the Book” to study, contemplate, and understand.

Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, vol. 2

  • Publication Date: 1985
  • Pages: 1,056

The publication of Volume 2 of Charlesworth’s Pseudepigrapha completes his landmark work. Together with Volume 1, Apocalyptic Literature and Testaments, these new translations present important documents, many for the first time in English.

The second volume contains Expansions of the “Old Testament” and Legends, Wisdom and Philosophical Literature, Prayers, Psalms and Odes, Fragments of lost Judeo-Hellenistic Works. The section on the Old Testament contains clarifications, enrichments, expansions, and retellings of biblical narratives. The primary focus is upon God’s story in history, the ongoing drama in which the author claims to participate. Charlesworth’s discussion of Wisdom literature contains various collections of wise sayings and philosophical maxims of the Israelites. In his discussion of Psalms, prayers, and odes, Charlesworth presents collection of hymns, expressions of praise, songs of joy and sorrow, and prayers of petition that were important in the period 100 B. C. to A. D. 200. The section of fragments of lost Judeo-Hellenistic works reflect ideas associated with the Persians, Greeks, and Romans, often filtered through the cultures of Syria and Egypt. These fragments are examples of how this mix of cultures influenced Jewish writings.

The Apocrypha of the Old Testament

  • Editor: R.H. Charles
  • Publication Date: 1913

This Logos Bible Software edition contains the text of R.H. Charles' edition of the Apocrypha, along with the introductions to each apocryphal document, as well as commentary, apparatuses, and an index.

The Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament

  • Editor: R.H. Charles
  • Publication Date: 1913

This Logos Bible Software edition contains the text of R.H. Charles' edition of the Pseudepigrapha, along with the introductions to each document, as well as commentary, apparatuses, and an index.

The Book of Enoch

  • Translator: R.H. Charles
  • Editor: W.O.E. Oesterley
  • Publication Date: 1917
  • Pages: 128

SPCK first published R.H. Charles’s translation of the Book of Enoch in 1917 and it has remained in print ever since. R. H. Charles is recognized as one of the leading figures in Enoch scholarship and his masterly translation remains the standard edition of the text in English. The Book of Enoch has recently reached a far wider audience due to Dan Brown’s phenomenally successful novel, The Da Vinci Code, which has various allusions to this important book.

The Book of Enoch is an invaluable resource for all those who are interested in learning about Christian origins. It sheds light on the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, and the reader can gain a clearer understanding of many concepts found in the New Testament, such as demonology, future judgment, the Messiah, the Messianic kingdom, the title “Son of Man” and the resurrection. This edition also contains an introduction written by W. O. E. Oesterley, which introduces readers to Apocryphal literature in general and Enoch in particular—including the authorship, dating, language, and general themes of Enoch.

The Dead Sea Scrolls in English

  • Author: Geza Vermes
  • Publisher: Sheffield
  • Publication Date: 1995
  • Pages: 391

Sample pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

From Religious Studies Review: “This significantly expanded and revised fourth edition of what has always been the best English translation of the Scrolls has become a combination of two books: Vermes has replaced nearly all of the original Introduction with an abridged version of the corresponding material from The Dead Sea Scrolls: Qumran in Perspective... He has also added new translations of material that have been published since the last edition appeared in 1975... By far still the best edition of the scrolls in English.”

Geza Vermes is Professor Emeritus of Jewish Studies, University of Oxford.

Ancient Near Eastern Texts

  • Author: James B. Pritchard
  • Edition: 3rd with Supplement
  • Publisher: Princeton
  • Publication Date: 1969
  • Pages: 735

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

The Ancient Near Eastern Texts brings together the most important historical, legal, mythological, liturgical, and secular texts of the ancient Near East, with the purpose of providing a rich contextual base for understanding the people, cultures, and literature of the Old Testament. A scholar of religious thought and biblical archaeology, James Pritchard recruited the foremost linguists, historians, and archaeologists to select and translate the texts. The goal, in his words, was “a better understanding of the likenesses and differences which existed between Israel and the surrounding cultures.”

Before the ANET—as it is fondly referred to—students of the Old Testament were disposed to search out scattered books and journals in various languages to find what this essential resource offers: invaluable documents, in one place and in one language. As one reviewer put it, “This great volume is one of the most notable to have appeared in the field of Old Testament scholarship this century.”

Pritchard’s ANET, a standard reference for those examining the cultural setting of the Bible, contains translations of many important inscriptions which shed light on otherwise mysterious Bible customs. Included are such things as the Epic of Gilgamesh (containing our oldest Flood parallels), the Nuzi Texts (which, among others, help us understand the life of Jacob), various ancient law codes which have parallels to the biblical code, an early Palestinian ostraka, a wide selection of Egyptian and Akkadian oracles and prophecies, and even a Sumerian lullaby.

[A] very useful book, soundly conceived, competently edited, and beautifully printed. It offers in translation texts of the most important documents which throw light on the Near East background of the Old Testament. As a source book it will be welcomed not merely by Biblical students, but by all ancient historians who concern themselves with the cultures anterior to those of Greece and Rome.


James Bennett Pritchard (1909–1997) was an American archaeologist who excavated in Israel, Canaan, Egypt, Assyria, and Babylon. He received his PhD and taught Religious Thought at the University of Pennsylvania, and was the first curator of Biblical Archaeology at the university’s museum. His last major excavation was at Sarafand, Lebanon (1969–1974), which revealed the ancient Phoenician city of Sarepta. It was the first time a major Phoenician city situated in the Phoenician heartland had been fully excavated. He was President of the Archaeological Institute of America in 1972–1973, and the recipient in December 1983 of the institute’s prestigious Gold Medal for Distinguished Archaeological Achievement. His major focus throughout his career concerned the relation between material remains and written texts within the context of biblical studies. Pritchard served as editor and consultant to the American Philosophical Society, the American Oriental Society, the National Geographic Society, and the Archaeological Institute of America.

Religious Texts from Ugarit, Second Edition

  • Author: N. Wyatt
  • Publisher: Sheffield Academic Press
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Pages: 505

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Religious Texts from Ugarit contains accurate and readable English translations of the most important religious texts, along with extensive notes, making these texts accessible to the English reader.

Aramaic Papyri of the Fifth Century BC

  • Author: A. Cowley
  • Publisher: Clarendon Press
  • Publication Date: 1923
  • Pages: 319

This volume contains A. Cowley’s careful study of facsimiles, texts, papyri, and other materials. Collected in one volume and arranged chronologically, Aramaic Papyri of the Fifth Century BC contains all legible pre-Christian Aramaic papyri known at the time of publication. It includes letters, legal documents, lists of names, accounts, and literary pieces. Some are complete; others are fragmentary. A large portion are dated and arranged to form a historical sequence. Together, they present a picture of the surroundings—not distorted by the lapse of time or obscured by textual corruption.

A Cultural Handbook to the Bible

  • Author: John J. Pilch
  • Publisher: Eerdmans
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Pages: 319

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The task of interpreting the Bible—a book written by and to people living in very different cultural contexts from contemporary Western society—can seem monumental. The opposite is also true: people can easily forget that studying the Bible is a type of cross-cultural encounter, instead reading their own cultural assumptions into biblical texts.

In A Cultural Handbook to the Bible, John Pilch bridges this cultural divide by translating important social concepts and applying them to biblical texts. In accessible chapters Pilch discusses 63 topics related to the cosmos, the earth, persons, family, language, human consciousness, God and the spirit world, and entertainment. Pilch’s fresh interpretations of the Bible challenge traditional views and explore topics often overlooked in commentaries. Each chapter concludes with a list of useful references from cultural anthropology or biblical studies, making this book an excellent resource for students of the Bible.

John J. Pilch is visiting professor in the Odyssey Program at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, and was adjunct professor of biblical literature at Georgetown University for 18 years.

Easton’s Bible Dictionary

  • Author: M.G. Easton
  • Publisher: Harper & Brothers
  • Publication Date: 1893
  • Pages: 755

Easton’s Bible Dictionary provides informative explanations of histories, people and customs of the Bible. It is an excellent and readily understandable source of information for the student and layperson and one of Matthew George Easton's most significant literary achievements.

Matthew George Easton was a Scottish Presbyterian preacher and writer. His most notable work was the Illustrated Bible Dictionary, 3rd ed., better known as Easton’s Bible Dictionary. Among his other works are the English translations of two commentaries by Franz Delitzsch, a German Lutheran theologian.

HarperCollins Bible Dictionary

  • Author: Mark Allen Powell
  • Edition: Revised and updated
  • Publisher: HarperCollins
  • Publication Date: 2011

Harper’s Bible Dictionary is a magnificent companion to the Harper’s Bible Commentary. It allows you to understand, in all their contexts, the texts of the Old Testament, the Apocrypha, and the New Testament. It is completely up to date, and represents the best current biblical scholarship. The entire volume is written by 180 members of the Society of Biblical Literature, and contains 3500 articles and 400 photographs.

Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary

  • General Editors: Chad Brand, Charles W. Draper, Archie W. England
  • Publisher: B&H
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Pages: 1,717

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The Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary sets the standard for what a Bible dictionary should be—a vast storehouse of easy-to-find, easy-to-grasp, useful information. Completely revised and expanded, with more user-friendly features than ever, this edition of the Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary is designed both for those who need information quickly and those who want in-depth treatments on hundreds of topics. Additionally, hundreds of color photographs, maps, reconstructions and charts illuminate the text in a way you never thought possible. Once you begin reading, you’ll understand why the Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary has become the gold standard in Bible reference publishing!

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE), 1915 Edition

  • General Editor: James Orr
  • Publisher: The Howard-Severance Company
  • Publication Date: 1915
  • Pages: 3,540

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE) is an authoritative reference encyclopedia which explains every significant word, subject, place, person, and doctrine in the Bible and Apocrypha! In scope, the ISBE covers literature (apocalyptic, apocryphal, sub-apostolic, etc.), archeology, ethnology, geography, topography, biography, arts and crafts, manners and customs, family life, natural history, agriculture, ritual, laws, sects, music—whatever, in short, may throw light on the meaning and message of the Bible. Over two hundred scholars and teachers contributed to this encyclopedia—including Archibald Alexander, H. C. G. Moule, B. B. Warfield, A. T. Robertson, and more.

Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible (4 vols.)

  • General Editor: Walter A. Elwell
  • Associate Editors: Peter C. Craigie, J.D. Douglas, Robert Guelich, R.K. Harrison, Thomas E. McComiskey
  • Publisher: Baker
  • Publication Date: 1988
  • Pages: 2,226

Evangelicalism’s most eminent scholars have labored to make the Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible a comprehensive and reliable tool for all who study Scripture.

The electronic edition of this encyclopedia set gives you instant access to clear, well-written articles on important biblical figures, places, events, and topics. The hyperlinked table of contents and full-text search capability of Logos Bible Software gets you there faster, while unique features such as the topic browser and reference browser enable you to find additional information tucked away in articles you wouldn’t have thought to consult.

The Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible provides pastors and laypeople with clear, accurate, and useful articles covering archaeology, history, chronology, social customs, persons, places, religious practices, biblical theology, current scholarly methods and opinions, on each book of the Bible.

Among the features in this reference work are select biographies, an extensive system of cross-references, more than thirty general articles treating cultural aspects of Bible times, over 600 photos, maps, and illustrations, and an easy-to-read style that is accessible to pastors and laypeople alike.

“To many people the Bible is just too hard to understand,” writes general editor Walter Elwell. “This Bible encyclopedia is an attempt to solve that problem. It is designed to be a bridge between the past and the present, a mine, a source of information about those days long past that opens them up to us. It is not meant to replace the Bible; far from it. It is meant to be read alongside the Bible to clarify and illuminate the text of Scripture for the modern reader, so that its truths can be assimiliated by the people of today.”

If you are looking for a comprehensive, thoroughly reliable, and up-to-date Bible encyclopedia to use as a foundation for a good resource library, look no further. The …Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible fill[s] the bill perfectly.

—William D. Buursma, The Banner

[The Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible] is both high-quality and innovative, moderately meaty in content, yet eminently readable and usable from a stylistic standpoint. BEB is deserving of a spot on the bookshelf of many exegetes and expositors (preferebly a high-traffic spot).

—A. Boyd Luter, Jr., Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society

Though based on the latest quality evangelical scholarship, the work is primarily intended for the use of the average evangelical layperson; for such persons, the work will be a precious addition to the tools available for understanding and comprehending the Bible.

ADRIS Newsletter

The [Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible] should prove to be a helpful reference work for popular audiences. Its clear organization and attention to biblical theology will make it especially useful for pastors and teachers.

—Gary N. Knoppers, Calvin Theological Journal

The primary intent of the [Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible] is simplicity and clarity combined with scholarly accuracy. In this, it succeeds admirably.

—Jon Paulien, Andrews University Seminary Studies

Baker Book House deserves immense credit for sensing and serving the needs of teachers and preachers. This encyclopedia is one of Baker’s crowning achievements.

—Al Fasol, Southwestern Journal of Theology

Walter A. Elwell (Ph. D., University of Edinburgh) is professor of biblical and theological studies at Wheaton College Graduate School. With eight reference books to his credit, he is a leading editor of biblical and theological reference works.

The New Manners and Customs of the Bible

  • Author: James M. Freeman
  • Editor: Harold J. Chadwick
  • Publisher: Bridge-Logos
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Pages: 579

For over 100 years, Freeman’s Manners and Customs of the Bible has been the serious Bible student’s choice.

Short of enrolling in a course in ancient Hebrew civilization, The New Manners & Customs of the Bible is the quickest, easiest, and most enjoyable way to understand the people and culture of the Bible. It is an invaluable key to unlocking a complete and accurate understanding of Scripture that is often hidden in ancient Hebrew culture.

Social-Science Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels

  • Authors: Bruce J. Malina and Richard L. Rohrbaugh
  • Edition: 2nd
  • Series: Social-Science Commentary
  • Publisher: Fortress Press
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Pages: 456

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

In this commentary on the Synoptic Gospels, the authors build on their earlier social-scientific work and enhance the highly successful commentary model they developed. This volume is a thoroughly revised edition of this popular commentary. It includes an introduction that lays the foundation for their interpretation, followed by an examination of each unit in the Synoptics, employing methodologies of cultural anthropology, macro-sociology, and social psychology.

Following an invaluable introduction, the authors apply to each of the synoptic Gospels the fruits of several decades of social-science research on the world of the Bible. For each pericope, the reader is provided with a translation, brief textual notes, and appropriate ‘reading scenarios,’ which assist in recapturing perspectives from a first-century peasant world-view . . . The book provides a lucid introduction to the heir apparent in the tradition of historical criticism—the application of the social sciences to the Bible.


With this ground-breaking book, [the authors] initiate a new genre of biblical commentary. They present fresh information drawn from the social sciences about the agrarian, pre-industrial, eastern Mediterranean cultural context in which the Synoptic Gospels originated . . . Every reader will learn something new from this book.

Critical Review: Biblical Studies

The information is clarifying and helps to make this book a valuable companion to the Synoptic Gospels. Would that every preacher make the effort to use it.

Louvain Studies

Social-Science Commentary on the Gospel of John

  • Authors: Bruce J. Malina and Richard L. Rohrbaugh
  • Series: Social-Science Commentary
  • Publisher: Fortress Press
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Pages: 336

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

This commentary on the Gospel of John builds on the unique format and success of the Social-Science Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels and includes illustrations and photographs for maximum socio-cultural content. Unlike the usual historical, exegetical, or theological commentaries, this rich and engrossing work assembles and catalogs the pertinent values, conflicts, and mores of ancient Mediterranean culture. Its Gospel outline, detailed textual notes, and “reading scenarios” bring life and light to the social circumstances the Gospel text relates about childhood, money, divorce, military service, farming, family life, cities, demons, patronage, and a host of other aspects of the ancient world. The “reading scenarios” sections present the perspective of the original audience drawn from anthropological studies of the Mediterranean social system, offering clues for filling in the unspoken or implicit elements of the writing as a Mediterranean reader would certainly have done. The authors argue that, in many ways, the Fourth Gospel addresses an alienated anti-society, fundamentally at odds with the predominant culture. With its format, charts, and photos, this social-science commentary is the ideal companion for the study of the Fourth Gospel.

This is a splendid guidebook through the dense language of John’s Gospel. The authors unmask new depths of meaning for any who puzzle over the Fourth Gospel. It is going to be a very important book.

Robert Kysar, professor of preaching and New Testament, Candler School of Theology, Emory University

This indispensable guide presents the Johannine reality in its first-century perspective. It is the best attempt yet to locate John within a specific cultural complex of meanings, and in the same accessible style that characterized the author’s previous volume . . .

Carolyn Osiek, professor of New Testament, Chicago Theological Seminary

Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Acts

  • Authors: Bruce J. Malina and John J. Pilch
  • Series: Social-Science Commentary
  • Publisher: Fortress Press
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Pages: 254

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Like earlier volumes in the Social Science Commentary series, this volume situates Acts squarely in the cultural matrix of the first century Mediterranean world, elaborating its codes of patron and client, mediatorship, honor and shame, healing and sickening, wizardry and witchcraft accusations, and the understanding of the Spirit of God as well as deities and demons as personal causes of significant events.

Social-Science Commentary on the Deutero-Pauline Letters

  • Authors: Bruce J. Malina and John J. Pilch
  • Series: Social-Science Commentary
  • Publisher: Fortress Press
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Pages: 208

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

This commentary on the text of the Deutero-Pauline letters provides a contextual approach to the study of Colossians, Ephesians, and 2 Thessalonians that is thoroughly grounded in the original audience’s ancient socio-cultural setting. This volume provides essential “reading scenarios” on specific cultural phenomena in these letters, including forgery, normative conflict, paideia (training), and household codes. The “reading scenarios” sections present the perspective of the original audience drawn from anthropological studies of the Mediterranean social system, offering clues for filling in the unspoken or implicit elements of the writing as a Mediterranean reader would certainly have done. This volume also presents what the authors call “the transformation of the memory of Paul” in early Christianity that reflects the concerns and interest of the Pauline communities after Paul’s death.

Malina and Pilch have done it again! They have produced a commentary that is incisive, insightful, and full of new ways to read the texts, as well as challenges to old ways of understanding them.

Walter F. Taylor Jr., Ernest W. and Edith S. Ogram Professor of New Testament Studies, Trinity Lutheran Seminary

Social-Science Commentary on the Letters of Paul

  • Authors: Bruce J. Malina and John J. Pilch
  • Series: Social-Science Commentary
  • Publisher: Fortress Press
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Pages: 432

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

This latest addition to the Fortress Social-Science Commentaries on New Testament writings illuminates the values, perceptions, and social codes of the Mediterranean culture that shaped Paul and his interactions—both harmonious and conflicted—with others. Malina and Pilch add new dimensions to our understanding of the apostle as a social change agent, his coworkers as innovators, and his gospel as an assertion of the honor of the God of Israel.

If you are tired of reading the same 'new' book on Paul over and over, this is the place to go next. In addition to traditional material on rhetoric and background, this social-scientific commentary brings to the fore necessary, significant and enlightening ways of understanding the social role of Paul and his social dynamics with the churches he founded. In this it is unique. . . The Reading Scenarios are themselves worth the price of this book.

Jerome Neyrey, professor of New Testament, University of Notre Dame

Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation

  • Authors: Bruce J. Malina and John J. Pilch
  • Series: Social-Science Commentary
  • Publisher: Fortress Press
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Pages: 296

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

The author of Revelation presents himself as John, the astral seer, who professes faith in the resurrected Jesus and who belonged to the house of Israel. John writes of traveling into the sky; but this perspective of “sky-visions” is completely neglected in the traditional commentaries and studies on Revelation. Malina and Pilch demonstrate the necessity of taking ancient sky-interpretation seriously for reading the book of Revelation in its first- century context. Building on their earlier works on Revelation, and using the highly successful socio-cultural commentary model, Malina and Pilch have charted a new direction for Revelation studies. In addition to their focused commentary, Malina and Pilch include illustrative drawings, photographs, charts, and diagrams on ancient Mediterranean astrology.

Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (6 vols.)

  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • Volumes: 6
  • Pages: 7,035

The Logos Bible Software edition of the definitive six-volume, 7,200-page Bible dictionary. More than 6,000 entries by 800 authors—complete and unabridged with illustrations.

Since its publication date, The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (AYBD) has been acclaimed as a landmark in biblical scholarship—the most comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative reference work in the field. “Nothing of its kind exists in any language,” declared Walter Harrelson in the Journal of Biblical Literature.

The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary includes the complete and unabridged six volumes, 7,200-page print edition, with illustrations. It features more than 6,000 entries from 800 leading international scholars. Covering countless Biblical subjects, the Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary is a tremendous help for in-depth exploration of the Bible.

In his review of the Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary Print Edition, Gene M. Tucker, of the Candler School of Theology at Emory University, describes the Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary as “a monumental work.” He calls it “a gold mine of information on and interpretation of an extremely wide range of topics concerning the Bible and its environment, from AARON to ZUZIM.” This full review is featured in the Critical Review of Books in Religion set.

Whatever your reasons for Bible study, be it in a professional, scholarly or personal setting, you won’t want to be without the expansive knowledge contained in the Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary. The title is a wonderful addition to family libraries as well. Young Bible students and enthusiasts will certainly benefit from Anchor’s straightforward and easy-to-understand explanations.

The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary is a title that everyone can share in together. Its range of subjects, spanning the Old Testament and New Testament, is so impressive that it will be a helpful aide to a whole spectrum of users, from serious scholars to beginning Bible students.

...Because of the numerous developments in biblical scholarship during the past three decades, the editor felt (rightly) that it was time for a Bible dictionary that would represent the current state of the discipline.
The Anchor Bible Dictionary (ABD) is the result of his vision. The ABD is both international and interconfessional, with nearly 1,000 contributors from around the world representing Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, and Muslim traditions (and also those of no religious tradition). The list of contributing scholars includes names long associated with biblical and theological studies. The currency of the dictionary as a whole is reflected especially in the inclusion of such subjects as the Dead Sea Scrolls, early Jewish-Christian relations, the historical Jesus, and sociological and literary methods of biblical criticism (including feminist hermeneutics), and in numerous entries on archaeological sites.
In addition, the bibliographies are usually up to date and often extensive. Unlike previous Bible dictionaries, the bibliographic entries in the ABD are complete citations, listed individually rather than in a run-on fashion, and hence easier to use.
...The ABD deserves a place on the shelves beside the standard Bible dictionaries of previous generations and is recommended for public, academic, and seminary libraries.

—Craig W. Beard, University of Alabama at Birmingham Library

New Dictionary of Biblical Theology

  • General Editors: T. Desmond Alexander and Brian S. Rosner
  • Consulting Editors: Donald A. Carson and Graeme Goldsworthy
  • Publisher: IVP
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Pages: 886

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

The New Dictionary of Biblical Theology will quickly establish itself as an essential building block of every library of basic biblical reference books. Building on its companion volumes, the New Bible Dictionary and New Bible Commentary, this work takes readers to a higher vantage point where they can view the thematic terrain of the Bible in its canonical wholeness. In addition, it fills the interpretive space between those volumes and the New Dictionary of Theology.

At the heart of this work is an A-to-Z encyclopedia of over 200 key biblical-theological themes such as atonement, creation, eschatology, Israel, Jesus Christ, the kingdom of God, redemption, suffering, wisdom, and worship. Students and communicators of the Bible will be well served by articles exploring the theology of each biblical book. And for those interested in the wider discipline of biblical theology, major articles explore foundational issues such as the history of biblical theology, the challenges raised against biblical theology, and the unity and diversity of Scripture.

Over 120 contributors drawn from the front ranks of biblical scholarship in the English-speaking world make the New Dictionary of Biblical Theology a work of distinction and a benchmark of evangelical biblical theology at the turn of the 21st century. Bibliographies round out all articles, directing readers to research trails leading out of the Dictionary and into crucial studies on every subject. Cross-references throughout send readers through the varied maze of reading pathways, maximizing the usefulness of this volume.

Comprehensive, authoritative, and easily accessible, the New Dictionary of Biblical Theology is certain to establish itself as an essential resource for students of the Bible and theology.

The New Dictionary of Biblical Theology is a valuable resource for teachers, preachers, and students. There are excellent surveys of key issues such as ‘The Unity and Diversity of Scripture’ and ‘Relationship of Old Testament and New Testament,’ plus more detailed articles on biblical books, themes, characters, etc. Most of those I have read reflect thorough research and breadth of knowledge. Helpful bibliographies are provided after each article. . . . The emphasis on the theological significance of the topics covered is a distinctive contribution of this work.

—David L. Baker, senior lecturer in Old Testament, Trinity Theological College, Perth, Western Australia

The idea that the writings of the Old and New Testaments form a coherent whole is at odds with current scholarly fashion. The Christian ‘Old Testament’ has become a supposedly more neutral ‘Hebrew Bible,’ only loosely related to the New Testament; and the emphasis on the distinctiveness of the individual biblical texts has led to a systematic neglect of their deep interrelatedness. This fragmentation of the Bible undermines its single though diverse testimony to the action of the triune God in and for the world. Evangelical scholarship has always been concerned with the whole Bible and is uniquely well placed to resist this trend toward fragmentation. The New Dictionary of Biblical Theology is a timely challenge to contemporary scholarship to reconsider its prejudice against coherence. It is a welcome sign that biblical theology continues to flourish and that reports of its demise have been greatly exaggerated.

Francis Watson, professor, department of theology and religion, Durham University, England

At least once in each generation, change of such magnitude takes place in a field of study that standard reference books have to be revised and new ones written. What Kevin Vanhoozer has called in this volume the ‘second coming’ of biblical theology in the twentieth century is just such a change. It has stimulated fresh interest in the theological unity of the Bible and renewed study of themes across the whole sweep of biblical revelation. The New Dictionary of Biblical Theology is keenly attuned to this welcome development and draws on the best of contemporary evangelical scholarship. It is a quality volume, which I’m sure will become a standard reference work for all serious Bible students, especially those committed to teaching and preaching the whole Bible as Christian Scripture.

Barry G. Webb, senior research fellow in Old Testament, Moore Theological College, Sydney, Australia

The advent of the New Dictionary of Biblical Theology is both timely and highly significant. It is timely because of the increasing recognition in both scholarly and popular Christian circles of the need to integrate biblical themes, ideas and passages into the message of the Bible as a whole (whatever diversity there may be within it). The volume is important because of the quality and scope of its articles, which are helpfully divided into three sections: those dealing with fundamental issues relating to biblical theology, articles about various books and corpora of the Scriptures, and those on key biblical topics. This dictionary will be an invaluable aid to all students and teachers of the Bible who want to understand the relation of the parts to the whole thrust of the Scriptures.

Peter O’Brien, senior research fellow, Moore Theological College, Sydney, Australia

T. Desmond Alexander is a senior lecturer in biblical studies and director of postgraduate studies at Union Theological College in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Brian S. Rosner is a senior lecturer in New Testament and ethics at Moore Theological College in Sydney, Australia.

Donald A. Carson is a research professor of New Testament at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois.

Graeme Goldsworthy was formerly a lecturer in Old Testament, biblical theology, and hermeneutics at Moore Theological College in Sydney, Australia.

New Dictionary of Theology

  • Editors: Sinclair B. Ferguson, J.I. Packer, and David F. Wright
  • Publisher: IVP
  • Publication Date: 1988
  • Pages: 757

Since its publication, the New Dictionary of Theology has rapidly established itself as a standard, authoritative reference work in systematic and historical theology. More than 630 articles cover a variety of theological themes, thinkers, and movements from creation to the millennium, from Abelard to Zwingli, and from Third World liberation theology to South African Dutch Reformed theology.

Firmly anchored in the evangelical tradition, the New Dictionary of Theology is nevertheless wide-ranging in its scope. Over 200 contributors, experts in their individual fields, offer both Western and international perspective. Concise and comprehensive, biblically grounded and historically informed, even-handed and free from unduly technical language, this dictionary has been praised by general readers, pastors, and scholars.

The contributors should be applauded loudly. They have condensed often arcane and bewildering terminology into easily understandable terms . . . [with] sound, no-nonsense scholarship and laudatory lack of trendism.

Philosophy & Religion

Recommended for students, teachers, and ministers. . . . A worthy addition to any library.

Christian Scholars Review

The values of this work are many. The philosophical articles are most helpful, as are the ones on different heresies which have plagued the Church for the past two thousand years. The text is readable, and even a casual perusal of this work will enrich the reader’s understanding of his/her heritage.

Journal of Psychology and Theology

Sinclair B. Ferguson is the senior minister at First Presbyterian Church in Columbia, South Carolina, and serves as a professor of systematic theology at Westminster Seminary in Dallas, Texas.

J.I. Packer is a board of governors’ professor of theology at Regent College in Vancouver, British Columbia. He also serves as a contributing editor to Christianity Today. His writings include Knowing God, A Quest for Godliness, Growing in Christ, and Rediscovering Holiness, as well as numerous articles published in journals such as Churchman, SouthWestern Journal, Christianity Today, Reformation & Revival Journal, and Touchstone.

David F. Wright(1937–2008) was a professor of patristic and Reformation Christianity at New College, University of Edinburgh. He wrote a number of books on both historical and theological topics.

The Works of Josephus

  • Authors: Flavius Josephus and William J. Whiston
  • Publisher: Hendrickson
  • Publication Date: 1987

Titus Flavius Josephus, as a writer and historical figure, sits at the intersection of history. After being captured by Roman forces led by Vespasian, Josephus claimed that the Jewish Messianic prophecies pointed to Vespasian as the future Emperor of Rome. Two years later, Vespasian did become Emperor, and he granted Josephus his freedom. Josephus took on Vespasian’s family name—Flavius—and became a Roman citizen. As a historian, Josephus provided invaluable records of the Jewish War, addressed to the Jews living in Mesopotamia. Throughout Christian history, the writings of Josephus have been indispensable to a proper understanding of Jewish thought, background, and history up to and around the time of Christ.

This volume provides the most complete one-volume edition of William Whiston’s classic translation of the Works of Josephus, with the full text and notes of the original four-volume set.

The Apocryphal New Testament: Being the Apocryphal Gospels, Acts, Epistles, and Apocalypses

  • Author: Montague Rhodes James
  • Publisher: Clarendon Press
  • Publication Date: 1924
  • Pages: 578

The Apocryphal New Testament contains a wide range of early Christian writings in a clear English translation. As a collection of religious books, Apocryphal literature was meant to reinforce Christian belief and practice. As history, the Apocrypha aims to supplement the historical data in the New Testament. Their stories are remarkable, beautiful, and imaginative, and have exercised a powerful influence on the development of Christianity. Anyone who cares about the history of Christian thought cannot neglect them.

The Works of Philo

  • Authors: Philo of Alexandria and Charles Duke Yonge
  • Publisher: Hendrickson
  • Publication Date: 1995
  • Pages: 924

Philo of Alexandria was a Jewish philosopher who lived in Roman-ruled Egypt. When the Jews of Alexandria were ordered to defy their beliefs and worship Gaius Julius Caesar, also known as Caligula, they sent Philo to plead their case to the emperor. Philo’s writings provide an account of the atrocities the Jews faced for their refusal to glorify a man as a god. They were dragged to death, burned alive with their families, slaughtered in their homes, and even crucified. Well versed in Greek and Jewish learning, Philo integrated biblical teachings with Greek philosophy, giving rise to an influential approach to Scripture. The ideas that emerged impacted both Christian and Jewish religious thought.

Complete and unabridged, this updated version of The Works of Philo is the most complete one-volume edition of the writings of Philo. Here in translation by the eminent classicist, C. D. Yonge, this edition provides easy access to writing crucial for historians and students of Hellenistic Judaism and early Christianity.

The Amarna Letters

  • Author: William L. Moran
  • Publisher: John Hopkins University Press
  • Publication Date: 1992

The Amarna Letters consist of diplomatic correspondence of Canaanite and other rulers with the Egyptian Pharaoh. Dating to the 14th century B.C., these letters are primary source material for the political and military situation of Canaan and the ancient Near East roughly in the age of Moses and the Exodus. This translation, by Assyriologist and Amarna expert William Moran, is the standard English edition, with introduction, extensive notes, and commentary. This work is an essential resource for the study of the Egyptian New Kingdom as well as of Syria-Palestine in the late Bronze Age. It will be of interest both to scholars of the ancient Near East and to students of the Bible.

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