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Mobile Ed: Women in the Biblical World Bundle (2 courses)
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Mobile Ed: Women in the Biblical World Bundle (2 courses)

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Lexham Press 2018

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Gain insight into what life was like for women in ancient times with the two-course Women in the Biblical World bundle. Dr. Mark Chavalas takes an in-depth look at how women were viewed and treated in the ancient Near East, drawing information from primary texts including Mesopotamian, Greek, and Roman law codes, letters, and other literature. He compares and contrasts the attitudes and behavior of the ancient world in general with the portrayal of women in both the Old and New Testaments.

BI304 Women in the Biblical World: Old Testament

  • Instructor: Mark Chavalas
  • Video Hours: 13

In Women in the Biblical World: Old Testament, Dr. Mark Chavalas provides a historical and archaeological survey of the status of women in the biblical world, considering Old Testament views on women alongside those of the larger ancient Near Eastern context. Beginning from the advent of the nation of Israel, he covers various cultures from the time period, including Mesopotamia, Egypt, Hittite Anatolia, and Iran, exploring primary texts that inform our understanding of the roles of women in the ancient Near East and the Old Testament.


  • Introducing the Course and the Speaker
  • Reasons for the Course
Unit 1: Prehistoric Women, Ur-Nammu and Old Babylonian Laws
  • Prehistoric Figurines and Herodotus’ Writings
  • Women and the Agricultural Revolution
  • Israelite Connections with Mesopotamia
  • Overview of Mesopotamian Law Codes
  • Cuneiform Tablets and Nature of Ancient Law Codes
  • Introduction to Ur-Nammu Code
  • Ur-Nammu Code: Slavery and Marriage
  • Ur-Nammu Code: Slavery and the Bible
  • Ur-Nammu Code: Betrothal and Marriage
  • Ur-Nammu Code: Sexuality
  • Ur-Nammu Code: Divorce
  • Old Babylonian Code: Marriage Contracts
  • Old Babylonian Code: Dissolution of Marriage
  • Old Babylonian Code: Polygamous Marriage; Care of Mother
  • Old Babylonian Code: Caught in Adultery
  • Ur-Nammu Code: River Ordeal, Part 1
  • Ur-Nammu Code: River Ordeal, Part 2
  • Ur-Nammu Code: Defrauding a Marriage Agreement
  • Unit 1 Quiz
Unit 2: Lipit-Eshtar and Eshnunna Codes
  • Lipit-Eshtar Law B and Numbers 27
  • Inheritance Protection
  • Lipit-Eshtar Code: Inheritance and Marriage Arrangement
  • Lipit-Eshtar Code: Inheritance and Multiple Wives
  • Lipit-Eshtar Code: Marriage and Virginity
  • Eshnunna Code and Employed Women
  • Eshnunna Code: Penalties for Causing Death
  • Eshnunna Code: Marriage
  • Eshnunna Code: Childrearing
  • Unit 2 Quiz
Unit 3: Hammurabi Code
  • The Universe and Magic
  • Display of a Criminal and Matthew 27:37
  • Taverns, Harboring Criminals, and Rahab
  • Debt Repayment; False Accusation
  • Adultery and Rape
  • Adultery Trial by Ordeal in Numbers 5:11–31: Husband’s Accusation
  • Adultery Trial by Ordeal in Numbers 5:11–31: Wife’s Ordeal
  • Miscellaneous Laws
  • Miscellaneous Laws (Continued)
  • Killing a Spouse
  • Family Sexual Taboos and Naditu Inheritance
  • Naditu Mari Letters
  • Nin-shata-pada’s Letter to King Rim-Sin: Beginning with Flattery
  • Nin-shata-pada’s Letter to King Rim-Sin: Ending with Suffering
  • Punishment According to the Social Class of the Victim
  • Unit 3 Quiz
Unit 4: Middle Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian, and Hittite Codes
  • Middle Assyrian Code; Temple Theft
  • Disgraceful Speech and Bodily Harm
  • Rape, Adultery, and False Accusations
  • Homosexuality and Leviticus
  • Restricting Women’s Activities
  • Middle Assyrian Palace Decrees
  • Neo-Babylonian Law Decrees
  • Hittite Code: Consequences for Injuring Individuals
  • Hittite Code: Disposition of Property and Children after Divorce
  • Unit 4 Quiz
Midterm Exam
Unit 5: Women in Ancient Letters
  • Old Assyrian Letters: Lamassī
  • Old Assyrian Letters: Tarām-Kūbi
  • Old Assyrian Letters: Tarīš-mātum and Others
  • Old Assyrian Letters: Ištar-nādā
  • Old Babylonian Letters from Tell al-Rimah: Ris-Adad; Amat-Samas
  • Old Babylonian Letters from Tell al-Rimah: Queen Iltani
  • Mari Letter to Zimri-Lim: Kiru Complains
  • Mari Letters to Zimri-Lim: Kiru Complains, Cautions from and about Simatum
  • Mari Letter Warning Zimri-Lim from His Sister, Inib-sina
  • Mari Letters Warning Zimri-Lim from His Wife Shibtu and an Official
  • Letters from Sippar
  • Neo-Assyrian Letters: Importance of the Queen Mother
  • Neo-Assyrian Letters: Importance of Rituals
  • Neo-Assyrian Letters: The King Must Confirm Orders from the Gods
  • Unit 5 Quiz
Unit 6: Women in Ancient Mesopotamian Medicine
  • Introduction to Ancient Mesopotamian Medicine
  • Ardat Lili Demoness: Cause of Disease
  • Ardat Lili Demoness: Dealing with Demons and Disease
  • Incantation to Drive Away Ardat Lili
  • Lamashtu Demoness: A Ritual to Drive Her Away
  • Lamashtu Demoness: Another Ritual to Drive Her Away
  • Seduction Charms
  • Postpartum Issues
  • Pregnancy and Miscarriages
  • Difficult Births
  • Unit 6 Quiz
Unit 7: Eve and Adam
  • Introduction to Women in the Old Testament
  • Introduction to Genesis 1:1
  • Human Creation Story: Image and Likeness of God
  • Human Creation Story: Humanity’s Purpose
  • Creation of the Male
  • Creation of the Female
  • Adam’s Helper and Rib
  • Trouble in Paradise: Genesis 3
  • Adam and Eve’s Response
  • The Plight of the Woman
  • The Plight of the Man
  • Unit 7 Quiz
Unit 8: Sarah and Abraham
  • Introduction to Abraham
  • Abraham Loses a Wife and Gains a Sister
  • Abraham’s Ignorance of God’s Plan
  • Sarah and Hagar
  • Abraham by the Oaks of Mamre
  • Lot’s Visitors
  • Anti-Hospitality and the Daughters of Lot
  • Unit 8 Quiz
Unit 9: Leah, Rachel, Dinah and Tamar
  • Leah and Rachel, Daughters of Laban
  • Blended Family Tensions
  • Dinah and the Massacre at Shechem
  • Judah and Tamar
  • Refusal of Levirate Marriage
  • Genesis 38 in Light of Deuteronomy 25
  • Reflections on Tamar and Matthew 1 Genealogy
  • Unit 9 Quiz
Unit 10: Hebrew Law
  • Introduction to Hebrew Law; Exodus 21
  • Impurity and Menstrual Discharge
  • Uncovering Nakedness of Relatives
  • Homoerotic Behavior and Bestiality
  • Divorce for Indecency
  • Fraud through Remarriage; Early Marriage Conscription Deferment
  • Unit 10 Quiz
Unit 11: Women in Judges
  • Introduction to Women in Judges
  • Deborah Prophesies to Barak
  • Deborah: Jael and Sisera
  • The Song of Deborah and Barak
  • Abimelech Killed by a Noncombatant Woman
  • Jephthah and His Daughter: A Rash Vow
  • Jephthah and His Daughter: The Unnamed Hero
  • Jephthah and His Daughter: The Purpose of the Story
  • A Levite and His Concubine: Her Departure and Retrieval
  • A Levite and His Concubine: Journey to Gibeah
  • A Levite and His Concubine: A Grisly End
  • A Levite and His Concubine: The Purpose of the Story
  • Unit 11 Quiz
  • Opening up the Old Testament World
Final Exam

BI306 Women in the Biblical World: New Testament

  • Instructor: Mark Chavalas
  • Video Hours: 12

In Women in the Biblical World: New Testament, Dr. Mark Chavalas provides a historical survey of the status of women in the Graeco-Roman world, from the advent of alphabetic texts in the eastern Mediterranean and Aegean regions during the late eighth century BC, to the first century AD. He looks at Greek and Roman documents as well as classical-period documents from Egypt and other regions of the Near East. Dr. Chavalas presents a rich historical context for understanding how women were treated in the New Testament, and closes the course by evaluating many of the New Testament passages concerning women.


  • Introducing the Speaker and the Course
  • Unit 1: Male Depictions of Women
Introduction: The Classical World
  • The Ideal Classical Male: Virtus
  • The Ideal Classical Male: Horatio as an Example
  • The Ideal Classical Female: Lucretia’s Story; a Snake in the Palace
  • The Ideal Classical Female: Lucretia Dishonored
  • The Ideal Classical Female: Lucretia’s Story; A Suicide Sparks a Revolution
  • A Female Poet: Sappho
  • Women in Homer
  • Women in Hesiod: The Origin of Women
  • Women in Hesiod: How to Pick a Wife
Unit 2: Depictions of Women by Philosophers and Physicians
  • Greek and Roman Inscriptions and Funerary Texts
  • Women and Philosophers: Aristotle, Men Are to Rule
  • Women and Philosophers: Aristotle, Biological Basis of Male Superiority
  • Women and Philosophers: Plato
  • Women and Physicians: Galen
  • Women and Physicians: Hippocrates
  • A Case Study on Diagnosing the Cause of a Woman’s Insomnia
Unit 3: Women in Greek and Roman Law
  • References to Women in Greek Law: The Murder of Eratosthenes
  • References to Women in Greek Law: Euphiletus’ Defense at Trial
  • Women in Roman Law: Laws Attributed to Romulus
  • Women in Roman Law: The Twelve Tables
  • Women in Roman Law: Husband’s Punishment of Wives in Early Rome
  • Women in Roman Law: Aulus Gellius
  • Women as Philosophers: Phintys
  • Women in Philosophy: Hipparchia
Unit 4: Women in Classical Graeco-Roman Society
  • Woman and Marriage: Plutarch, Marriage Advice, Part 1
  • Woman and Marriage: Plutarch, Marriage Advice, Part 2
  • Women and the Home: A Socratic Dialogue
  • Women and the Home: The Husband Trains the Wife
  • Women and the Home: Division of Labor Based on Perceived Gender Characteristics
  • Women and the Home: Natural Appearance
  • Women in Religion: Selection of Vestal Virgins
  • Women in Religion: Service of Vestal Virgins
  • Women and Drinking
  • Women in Drama: Greek Dramatists
  • Women in Drama: Euripides’ Medea
  • Women in Comedy: Lysistrata, A Plan to End the War
  • Women in Comedy: Lysistrata, Standoff at the Acropolis
  • Women in Comedy: Lysistrata, Resolution and Reconciliation
  • Women in Comedy: Thesmophoriazusae
  • Reflections on Women in Classical Graeco-Roman Society
Unit 5: Women in Hellenistic and Roman Egypt
  • Introduction to Women in Greek and Roman Egypt
  • Women in Egypt according to Classical Sources
  • Women and Mystery Religions: Funeral Arrangements
  • Women and Mystery Religions: Worker Guilds; Associations
  • Women and Mystery Religions: Proof of Devotion; Mystery
  • Women, Oracles, and Spells: Procedures
  • Women, Oracles, and Spells: An Example
  • Women and the Gnostic Gospels
  • Women and Petitions: Birth Registration; Injured Servant
  • Women and Petitions: Defrauded of Her Inheritance
  • Family Archives
  • Paniskos/Ploutogenia, Personal Letters: Paniskos to Ploutogenia
  • Paniskos/Ploutogenia, Personal Letters: Paniskos Confronts Ploutogenia
  • Paniskos/Ploutogenia, Personal Letters: Ploutogenia to Her Mother
  • Women and Marriage Contracts
  • Widow Asks for a Guardian
  • Husband Deserts Wife
  • Woman Scalded by Bath Attendant
  • Wife Deserts Husband and Child
  • Father Wants to End Daughter’s Marriage
  • Violent Husbands
  • Women and Charms: An Odd Marriage Agreement
Unit 6: Women in the Jewish Tradition
  • Women in the Wisdom of Sirach: Women, Wives
  • Women in the Wisdom of Sirach: Wives, Daughters
  • Women and the Temple
  • Women and the Talmud, Part 1
  • Women and the Talmud, Part 2
  • Women in Judaism: Non-Rabbinic Texts on Daily Life
  • Women in Judaism, Babatha: Marriage Contract and Loan Document
  • Women in Judaism, Babatha: Lawsuits
  • Women and the Synagogue and Early Church
Unit 7: Women in the Gospels
  • Galatians 3:28: What’s Paul’s Point?
  • Different Gospels; Different Audiences
  • Social Context of Jesus: From the Wrong Side of the Tracks
  • Social Context of Jesus: Reputedly Illegitimate
  • Social Context of Jesus: Associated with Sinners
  • Women in Matthew: Adultery and Divorce
  • Women in Mark: Woman with an Issue of Blood
  • Mark: The Syrophoenician Woman
  • Matthew: The Canaanite Woman
  • The Sinful Woman in Luke, Part 1
  • The Sinful Woman in Luke, Part 2
  • John 4, The Samaritan Woman: A Scandalous Encounter
  • John 4, The Samaritan Woman: Some Samaritans Come to Faith
  • John 8: The Adulterous Woman
Unit 8: Women in New Testament Epistles
  • Introducing Women in the Pauline Epistles
  • Women in 1 Corinthians 7: Celibacy and Monogamy
  • Women in 1 Corinthians 7: Mutuality in Marriage; Singleness Also Good
  • Women in 1 Corinthians 7: Marriage and Divorce
  • Ethics: Classical and Biblical
  • Women in 1 Corinthians 11: Headship Based on Chronology
  • Women in 1 Corinthians 11: Literal and Figurative Uses of Head
  • Women in 1 Corinthians 11: Head Coverings
  • Women in 1 Timothy 2: Adorn Yourself with Character
  • Women in 1 Timothy 2: Teaching and Authority
  • Women in Titus
  • Women in 1 Corinthians 14
  • Women in Ephesians 5: “Be Subject” Means “Voluntary Submission”
  • Women in Ephesians 5: “One Flesh” Provides the Rationale
  • Women in 1 Peter 3
  • Restoring the Status of Women

Product Details

  • Title: Women in the Biblical World Bundle
  • Instructor: Mark Chavalas
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Product Type: Logos Mobile Education
  • Resource Type: Courseware, including transcripts, audio, and video resources
  • Courses: 2
  • Video Hours: 25

Getting the most out of Mobile Ed

Logos Mobile Education is a highly effective cross-platform learning environment that integrates world class teaching with the powerful study tools and theological libraries available in Logos Bible Software. Every course provides links to additional resources and suggested readings that supplement the lecture material at the end of every transcript segment.

All courses in this bundle come with an Activities resource that functions as a type of “workbook” for the courses. This resource includes learning activities such as: places for you to respond to reflection questions, exercises that will challenge and show you how deepen your understanding of this course by using specific Logos tools and resources, tutorial videos on different features of Logos Bible Software, and links to relevant Logos guides and tools.A link to open the Activities resource is conveniently placed at the end of every segment.


About the Instructor

Dr. Mark Chavalas is Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, where he has taught since 1989. He earned his BA at California State University-Northridge and his MA and PhD, both in History, at UCLA.

Dr. Chevalas is author or coauthor of publications including Mesopotamia and the Bible (Baker, 2002) and the IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament (InterVarsity Press, 2000) and coeditor of The Ancient Near East and Women in the Ancient Near East. Dr. Chavalas has had fellowships at Yale, Harvard, Cornell, and other universities. He has nine seasons of excavation experience at various Bronze Age sites in Syria, and he is currently President of the American Oriental Society Middle West region and a member of the editorial board of the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

His research over the past decade has focused on interconnections between ancient Mesopotamia and outlying areas such as Anatolia, Iran, Egypt, and Syro-Palestine. Other recent research has investigated gender constructs in the ancient Near East and Mesopotamian historiography. Dr. Chavalas’ current research is focused on writing a history of Bronze Age Syria from the advent of writing in the third millennium BC to the Iron Age. His courses cover a wide area, including ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Israel, Syria, and Turkey; Iran before Islam; women in the ancient world; and the Akkadian and Sumerian languages.