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Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

Digital Logos Edition

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An Easy-to-Use Old Testament Dictionary

This extensive scholarly work, the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT), includes discussions of every Hebrew word of theological significance in the Old Testament, plus brief definitions of all other words found in the Brown-Driver-Briggs (BDB) Hebrew Lexicon. Keyed to Strong’s Concordance, the TWOT, an exhaustive biblical reference tool, has been a longtime favorite of serious students of the Bible—pastors and laypeople alike. The busy pastor or earnest Christian worker who has neither the time nor the background for detailed technical study, yet desires to understand important terms, will enjoy this practical resource.

Comprehensive Theological Study Tool

There are more than 1,400 articles written by forty-three Old Testament scholars, plus some 400 sub-entries giving definitions only. The articles focus on theological meanings of importance and do not include lengthy, technical, linguistic discussions. Virtually exhaustive bibliographies of published material relating to the words discussed are also included, as is a special section of Aramaic words used in the Old Testament.

Resource Experts
  • Covers every theologically significant word in the Old Testament
  • Provides 1,400 articles from 43 leading Old Testament scholars
  • Utilizes an easy-to-understand reference system accessible to pastors, students, and scholars
  • Focuses on word meanings and their significance for understanding the Hebrew Scriptures
  • An affordable and straightforward option for an Old Testament dictionary

Top Highlights

“The root meaning is to bring something into being with the consequence that its existence is a certainty.” (Page 433)

“As the divine king, his work is accomplished through wisdom and understanding (Prov 3:19; Jer 10:12; 51:15). This in itself leads to the fixity of what he has done.” (Page 433)

“The general meaning behind the root š-l-m is of completion and fulfillment—of entering into a state of wholeness and unity, a restored relationship.” (Page 930)

“The basic meaning is ‘to be heavy, weighty,’ a meaning which is only rarely used literally, the figurative (e.g. ‘heavy with sin’) being more common. From this figurative usage it is an easy step to the concept of a ‘weighty’ person in society, someone who is honorable, impressive, worthy of respect. This latter usage is prevalent in more than half the occurrences.” (Page 426)

“The essential idea of ḥākam represents a manner of thinking and attitude concerning life’s experiences; including matters of general interest and basic morality. These concerns relate to prudence in secular affairs, skills in the arts, moral sensitivity, and experience in the ways of the Lord.” (Page 282)

  • Title: Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament
  • Authors: Gleason L. Archer Jr., Robert Harris, Bruce K. Waltke
  • Edition: electronic ed.
  • Publisher: Moody
  • Print Publication Date: 1980
  • Logos Release Date: 2002
  • Pages: 1086
  • Language: English
  • Resources: 1
  • Format: Digital › Logos Research Edition
  • Subjects: Aramaic language › Dictionaries--English; Bible. O.T. › Dictionaries; Bible. O.T. › Theology--Dictionaries; Hebrew language › Dictionaries--English
  • Resource ID: LLS:46.50.3
  • Resource Type: Lexicon
  • Metadata Last Updated: 2022-09-12T00:22:58Z

Bruce K. Waltke is a preeminent Old Testament scholar. His teaching appointments at Dallas Theological Seminary, Regent College, Westminster Theological Seminary, and at Reformed Theological Seminary Orlando, have earned him a reputation as a master teacher with a pastoral heart. He is author of An Old Testament Theology: An Exegetical, Canonical and Thematic Approach as well as commentaries on Genesis, Proverbs, and Micah.

R. Laird Harris (1911—2008) served as Professor of Old Testament at Covenant Theological Seminary. Widely known and respected for his biblical scholarship, he completed significant work in the study of theology and science, particularly dealing with creation and evolution. Dr. Harris served as chairman of the Committee on Bible Translation which produced the New International Version. He is the author of The Inspiration and Canonicity of the Bible, Introductory Hebrew Grammar, and Man: God's Eternal Creation.

Gleason Archer (1916–2004) was a biblical scholar, theologian, educator, and author. He was a professor of Old Testament and Semitic Languages at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, where he taught from 1965 through 1991. Prior to teaching at Trinity, Archer served at Fuller Theological Seminary for 16 years, teaching New Testament, Greek, Hebrew, and Arabic. He also served for many years as a minister of the Evangelical Free Church of America. Archer has authored numerous books, including In the Shadow of the Cross, The Epistle to the Hebrews: A Study Manual, The Epistle to the Romans: A Study Manual, and Survey of Old Testament Introduction. Archer has also contributed to such periodicals as Christianity Today, Westminster Theological Journal, The Church Herald, Decision, and The United Evangelical Action. His instrumental work in the preparation of the Old Testament portion of the New American Standard Bible has gained wide acclaim and positioned him as a world-renowned scholar.


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