The orthography of a language is the set of rules of how to write correctly in the language. The term is derived from Greek ορθο ortho- ("correct") and γραφος graphos ("that writes") and, in today's sense, includes spelling and punctuation. Orthography is distinct from typography.
An example of an orthographic rule for English is:
A vowel that is not preceded immediately by another vowel, and that is followed by an "E" at the end of the word, without any other vowels between that vowel and the "E", may represent the "long" sound of the vowel. (This is the pronunciation rule "final E makes the vowel long" restated as a spelling rule.) (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)
This book introduces the student to the textual study of the Hebrew Bible—to help such a student "perceive the work of the numberless and nameless scribes torn between tradition and fashion in their restrained attempts to update the orthography of Scripture." Sixteen essays serve as the bridge from older methods for the study of orthography to newer ones, using the computer to analyze large bodies of text.
More information on Hebrew resources can be found in the Product Guide on Hebrew Texts and Tools.
It indeed makes for interesting reading.
—Gary A. Rendsburg, Cornell University in Journal of Biblical Literature (113/2, 1994)
Everything you could possibly want to know about the orthography of biblical Hebrew and Aramaic. And more. Users of this volume may find particular pleasure and enlightenment in its concluding appendix ('What Did the Scribes Count?'), wherein the verse, word, and number counts of the Masoretes and others are freshly examined to great effect.
—Leonard J. Greenspoon, Oxford Centre in Religious Studies Review (Vol. 19, No. 4, Oct. 1993)